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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: History
  • Document length: 877 words

Why did the Tsar fall from powerIn March 1917 ? I believe the main reason that the Tsar fell from power was the Russo-Japanese war and

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Introduction

Why did the Tsar fall from power In March 1917 ? I believe the main reason that the Tsar fell from power was the Russo-Japanese war and the First World War, because Russia lost and it was all blamed on the Tsar. During this essay I will list many other reasons and back up the evidence by explaining why the Tsar fell from power. As I said in my introduction I believe the main reason which made the Tsar abdicate was the Russo-Japanese war, this started on the 8th February 1904 when Japan made a surprise attack on the Russian naval base at Port Arthur. Many Russians welcomed the war but the Russian army had major problems. Such as finding it difficult to fight a war at a distance, troops and supplies took long to arrive and also the army was badly organised. Two weeks of gruelling battle ended in a Japanese victory. In the end Russia lost Port Arthur and much of Manchuria, The effect of the war demoralised the Russian people.

Middle

People were unhappy with the Tsar because of this even though he thought it would boost his reputation. There are also many other reasons for the Tsar abdicating. Gregory Rasputin, a monk from Siberia who the Tsar met in 1905, he soon became a very popular figure in Russian politics, He claimed that he was in possession of miraculous powers that would allow him to protect the Tsar's only son, Alexis, who suffered from haemophilia (a disease whereby the blood doesn't clot if a wound occurs) and who on many occasions appeared to be on the verge of dying. From 1915 Rasputin gained a new role. He became Alexandra's chief adviser. This meant he helped choose ministers and played a part in planning battles, furthermore the Tsarina was supposedly cheating on the Tsar with Rasputin. By December 1916 the Duma and many other people were sure that Rasputin was a German secret agent and that he had wrecked the Russian government on purpose.

Conclusion

In 1915 Russia was a poor country compared to the likes of Germany and Britain. Russia's railways were so badly run that not enough food could be transported from grain growing areas to the town. Food queues were common in Petrograd. Prices rose sharply during the war. During this essay I have shown many reasons for the Tsar abdicating, but the most obvious one of all is the First World War because the defeat to the hands of the Germans, as well as going out to the front line which back fired as he left the Tsarina and Rasputin to run the country. This was bad because the Tsarina was German. This can also be linked with Rasputin as supposedly he was a German agent and he wrecked the Russian government on purpose. The Duma can also be linked as they suspected that Rasputin was an agent. To conclude my essay I personally believe that the main reason that the Tsar abdicated was the outcome of the First World War. By Ben Manuell ?? ?? ?? ?? 1

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