• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Tsar survive the 1905 revolution but not the 1917 revolution?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the Tsar survive the 1905 revolution but not the 1917 revolution? Introduction Many different tsars have ruled over Russia since 1547. The tsars were like kings, they had the power to do as they pleased. All the tsars dealt with any problems with an immediate, forceful strike against them. When Tsar Nicholas II came to power he appeared to be a good ruler, he was hard working and loyal to his family. But he also lacked in confidence and love for the job. He confessed he didn't know how to rule a country. During tsar Nicholas II's reign he suffered many embassising events such as the two wars. This lead to the tsar's popularity to decrease. Nicholas II survived the first revelution but not the 1917 revolution for the following reasons. The 1905 revolution was wide spread affecting many people and killing many. There were strikes and riots in the towns and cities all over the country, and peasants turned against the landowners in the countryside. The riots and strikes were mostly from civilians who wanted the tsar to change their living and working conditions; the revolution was sparked of by the events of bloody Sunday. ...read more.

Middle

Another reason why he was unpopular is because of his wife. People thought she was having an affair with Rasputin, they also thought that she 'bullied' the Tsar into doing what ever she wanted. Another of the Tsar's problems was that he had a son with haemophilia meaning that Russia's future Tsar would die at an early age. This all made the Tsar weak and vulnerable to attack by others. By 1917 the Russian people knew their ruler was weak and because of this they wanted a new one. When Germany declared war on Russia on 1st August 1914 everyone expected a short war like the Russo-Japanese war of 1904-5 but as it became clear that the war was going to last a lot longer, the Tsar and his government lost the support of the people. The soldiers lost their loyalty to the Tsar as they were ill supplied and led by poor leaders, these and political developments at home lead to the defeat of the Russian armies in 1917. The First World War was another embarrassing loss to the Russian's and like the earlier war against Japan led to a revolution. ...read more.

Conclusion

Conscription means that all men of a certain age had to join the army for a certain time. Because the Russian army lacked equipment and supplies only half the army had rifles, the other half had swords and bombs, these people had to pick up dead men's rifles and use them. On some days of the war soldiers were given only one bullet that had to last them for the day. All these things made the Tsar unpopular meaning he lost the support of his army, this helped lead to his resignation. Whole companys of soildiers would surreder to the Germans, rather than fight and face certain death. Many soldiers would desert, along with their officers and leaders. They would go back to the Russian cities and tell people about the attrocities thay had faced at the battlefront. This lead to even more support for the war to end. In the end the Tsar was forced to surrender to the Germans. He was removed from power and along with his family was murdered by his own ministers. Conclusion I think the main reason that the Tsar resigned was because of the First World War. I think this because the war affected the most people ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. The Russian Revolution 1917

    Each of this factors were linked in a web of causation. If any of these factors were taken away, it would have been much harder, possibly even impossible, for the Bolsheviks to have taken over. Many Historians argue that the role of Lenin was the most important factor by far.

  2. History - USSR - The main reason for the February/March Revolution was The World ...

    The war led the people to resent the Tsar's autocratic rule even more. Both the industrial workers and peasants were extremely dissatisfied with their working conditions, wages and land and so they decided that they would ask the Tsar peacefully without any protests to improve their conditions.

  1. Why was Nicholas II able to survive the 1905 revolution but was forced to ...

    February 1917 can be seen as leaderless in a different way. The main revolutionary leaders were in exile. The members of their groups by this time were accustomed to absent leaders, were more capable. Though few emerged as individual leaders, they were able to direct their groups through these masses towards clearer goals.

  2. How did the Tsar survive the 1905 Revolution?

    It was not the revolutionaries who were driving (or even riding out) the events. The concept of "the opposition", therefore, was not a list of names or groups. So-called "Bloody Sunday", the "massacre" at the Winter Palace, was the trigger to what Michael Lynch calls "a nationwide outbreak of disorder".

  1. How Successful Was Roosevelt’s New Deal?

    He remains the largest mass-murderer in history as the death toll of people who were killed as a direct result of Stalin's policies was 8 to 14 million of his people. Due to the great feeling of fear in Russia at the time, we may never know the true figure

  2. Why did the Tsar Abdicate after the 1917 Revolution but not after the 1905 ...

    Around 80% of the population were peasants and agricultural methods were the only real way to make money unless you could make it to a city for industrial work. The biggest rising problem was the rate the population was growing.

  1. Was the defeat in the war the real cause of the Russian Revolution

    People would be unhappy with the tsar as he had supposedly promoted industrialisation but the result of this growth was only more strikes. Even thought Russia was producing 6% more between 1907-1913 it still lagged behind that of Eastern Europe and insufficient agriculture meant insufficient money was available to fund long term growth.

  2. Do you agree with the view that it was primarily the lack of co-ordination ...

    Thousands were killed or banished from Russia, such was his ruthlessness that's the gallow's noose became known as the 'Stolypin neck tie'. His methods worked and by 1906 there was less outright speaking against the government, yet this didn't mean people were happy with tsarism.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work