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Why did the Tsar survive the 1905 revolution but not the 1917 revolution?

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Why did the Tsar survive the 1905 revolution but not the 1917 revolution? Introduction Many different tsars have ruled over Russia since 1547. The tsars were like kings, they had the power to do as they pleased. All the tsars dealt with any problems with an immediate, forceful strike against them. When Tsar Nicholas II came to power he appeared to be a good ruler, he was hard working and loyal to his family. But he also lacked in confidence and love for the job. He confessed he didn't know how to rule a country. During tsar Nicholas II's reign he suffered many embassising events such as the two wars. This lead to the tsar's popularity to decrease. Nicholas II survived the first revelution but not the 1917 revolution for the following reasons. The 1905 revolution was wide spread affecting many people and killing many. There were strikes and riots in the towns and cities all over the country, and peasants turned against the landowners in the countryside. The riots and strikes were mostly from civilians who wanted the tsar to change their living and working conditions; the revolution was sparked of by the events of bloody Sunday. ...read more.


Another reason why he was unpopular is because of his wife. People thought she was having an affair with Rasputin, they also thought that she 'bullied' the Tsar into doing what ever she wanted. Another of the Tsar's problems was that he had a son with haemophilia meaning that Russia's future Tsar would die at an early age. This all made the Tsar weak and vulnerable to attack by others. By 1917 the Russian people knew their ruler was weak and because of this they wanted a new one. When Germany declared war on Russia on 1st August 1914 everyone expected a short war like the Russo-Japanese war of 1904-5 but as it became clear that the war was going to last a lot longer, the Tsar and his government lost the support of the people. The soldiers lost their loyalty to the Tsar as they were ill supplied and led by poor leaders, these and political developments at home lead to the defeat of the Russian armies in 1917. The First World War was another embarrassing loss to the Russian's and like the earlier war against Japan led to a revolution. ...read more.


Conscription means that all men of a certain age had to join the army for a certain time. Because the Russian army lacked equipment and supplies only half the army had rifles, the other half had swords and bombs, these people had to pick up dead men's rifles and use them. On some days of the war soldiers were given only one bullet that had to last them for the day. All these things made the Tsar unpopular meaning he lost the support of his army, this helped lead to his resignation. Whole companys of soildiers would surreder to the Germans, rather than fight and face certain death. Many soldiers would desert, along with their officers and leaders. They would go back to the Russian cities and tell people about the attrocities thay had faced at the battlefront. This lead to even more support for the war to end. In the end the Tsar was forced to surrender to the Germans. He was removed from power and along with his family was murdered by his own ministers. Conclusion I think the main reason that the Tsar resigned was because of the First World War. I think this because the war affected the most people ...read more.

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