• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Did The Tzar Survive The 1905 Revolution And Not That of February 1917?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why Did The Tzar Survive The 1905 Revolution And Not That of February 1917? In 1905 the Tzar was Nicholas II, an absolute ruler with no parliament. He had advisers but they had no power. All political parties opposing the Tzar were illegal. However, opposition to the Tzar was growing in the country. Two major events led to the revolution of 1905. Firstly, in 1904, Japan invaded Manchuria to expand its empire. Russia assumed that Japan would be easily defeated. To their horror Japan was a much greater enemy than they thought and Russia lost the war. This was very embarrassing especially for the Tzar who had used this war to distract the Russian public from the problems at home. The defeat convinced the people of the need for change as the Tzar was taking the country to ruin. Secondly, within a month of defeat, protestors gathered in the capital on 22nd January 1905. Led by father Gapon their aim was to march to the winter palace and present the Tzar with a petition. Neither the protest nor the petition was aimed at overthrowing the Tzar. It was merely to tell the Tzar about that the people were starving and how, for many it was better to die than live. ...read more.

Middle

The transport system was so poor that food meant for the army rotted in sidings instead of feeding the frontline. This meant that the soldiers in the retreating frontline were becoming more miserable because they were getting no food. Soldiers began to desert and lost loyalty to the Tzar. Industry was used to manufacture equipment for the army so there was nothing for the peasants to buy with the money they got from selling their crops. Therefore farmers started to grow food for themselves with no surplus because there was no point. In March 1917 severe strikes in the Petrograd factories caused industry to come to a halt. Good weather encouraged protesters onto the streets and the soldiers were ordered to fire upon the demonstrators. Many soldiers were peasants and were starving in similar conditions and held the same beliefs as the protesters. By the 12th the army supported the riots and many government buildings were ransacked in Petrograd. This revolution was far more successful than in 1905. In 1905 the Tzar had something to fall back on. The Russian public had no idea of his thoughts. They had nothing in the past to base it on. When he created a democratic parliament he pleased the masses. ...read more.

Conclusion

They decided Nicholas II was the last Tzar to rule. In this essay you can see that the Tzar was put in an impossible position. This does not mean that the Tzar was not to blame, he made many mistakes. Leaving his wife to run the country was a bad idea. Firstly the Tzarina was German and Russia was at war with Germany. Also she was under Rasputin's influence who she thought was a miracle worker because she thought he cured her son of haemophilia. The government was run under Rasputin's influence which enraged the country further. The Tzar couldn't help this dilemma because he went to control the army directly. Now if there was any problem with the army the Tzar had no-one else to blame but himself. Then he tried to dissolve the Duma which was the only thing that people still partly respected him for and when he tried to dissolve it all the middle classes that were undecided on the revolution joined it. He put himself in an impossible position after the 1905 revolution. The repression was meant to teach the country a lesson in 1905 but unfortunately for the Tzar this made the protesters determined to win. The Tzar made major political mistakes in the aftermath of the 1905 revolution, leading up to and continuing into 1917. This, combined with the quality leadership of the 1917 revolution ensured its success instead of 1905's failure. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Was Nicholas II Responsible for His Own Downfall? What can you learn from ...

    4 star(s)

    the workers soon had control of the situation using it to make their demands known. The Tsars instruction had come too late only by the 26th February had the Tsar order the soldiers to fire upon the demonstrators. This supports the first interpretation of the February Revolution, as Tsar Nicholas

  2. What Were The Causes Of The 1905 Russian Revolution? How Successful Was This Revolution?

    Due to the lack of communication around Russia, it made industry backward. The communication was none existent, as there weren't many roads or railways. Factory development was very slow, compared to western countries like us. Agriculture was difficult then too, as the land was very weak and was virtually unproductive for farming.

  1. What were the causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917?

    Consequently, about 15 % of peasants took his offer and there were improvements. Production of grain increased and there was a record harvest in 1913. However, the reforms had another consequence; many poorer peasants were forced to sell their land and became labourers.

  2. To what extent was the February 1917 Russian revolution inevitable after the 1905 revolution?

    gained reforms, it seemed that the autocracy was weak and open to manipulation. The 1905 Revolution can be pointed to as the event, which created many of the institutions that frustrated the people and led to the February Revolution of 1917.

  1. What were the causes of the february revolution

    Russia was a disaster, people were dying in the war and many people were dying in Russia because of starvation or freezing to death. Russian armies were also very ill equipped for battle; although the army had a large amount of soldiers they didn't have the experience and equipment.

  2. Why did the Tsar survive the revolution of 1905, but not that of 1917?

    Could the circumstances been any worse? Russia was now economically and socially trashed. Military status in 1915 was disastrous; it was so serious that Nicholas had to leave Petrograd to lead the army himself. The Tsar appointed himself as commander chief and became associated with military failure- what more to

  1. The Russian Revolution 1917

    However, It is much more likely that these policies and decisions were made not because of the supreme minds of the members of the Bolshevik party - many were not even well educated - but due to luck. They were lucky that the decisions they made happened to be the right ones.

  2. The February Revolution 1917 - Was Nicholas responsible for his own downfall?

    It says that the capital is in anarchy but still Nicholas chooses to ignore the warning given to him. All these reasons show that it was Nicholas' fault that the situation went out of control because the Tsar had several opportunities to rectify the situation and change the outcome of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work