• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam during the 1950’s and 1960’s

Extracts from this document...


Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam during the 1950's and 1960's Throughout the 50's and 60's the USA became steadily more and more involved in the Vietnam conflict in a bid to halt the spread of communism and pursuing their belief in 'The Domino Theory". Vietnam had been under French colonial rule until the late forties when the Vietcong started a campaign that they hoped would end in Vietnams independence which meant the French had to be defeated. The struggle came to a head at the battle of Dien Bien Phu where the Vietcong defeated the French. The French soon left leaving Northern and Southern Vietnam separated, the north ruled by Ho Chi Minh the South by the dictator Ngo Dinh Diem from Saigon. ...read more.


These strategic hamlets were fortified villages that the Vietnamese were expected to leave their homes and move into. Although the peasants were offered safety, food, more adequate shelter and advanced farming methods many refused to leave their homes. The Americans aim was to get the peasants on their side by offering them these hamlets but it had the opposite effect, they did not want to leave their homes so hated the 'yanks'. Gradually the US brought in more and more troops to hold back the Vietcong but the remaining Vietnamese felt they were getting too involved so more joined the VC and it became a vicious cycle. Politically Vietnam had been very unstable, it had been split in two following the French departure. ...read more.


Lyndon Johnson took over the vacancy and immediately supported the 'domino theory' but was reluctant to pour money into South Vietnam. He pledged that a great society was being built back home but soon the first television pictures were broadcast that showed the full horror of the conflict and his pledge was made a joke. He did not like being made a joke of, especially so early in his term so wanted to prove himself by acting quickly. Johnson was provoked further into greater involvement when the US surveillance ship, USS Maddox was attacked whilst on exercise in the Gulf of Tonkin without warning. The domino theory was the main reason for US involvement but $3 billion invested in France and the increasing threat of communists in Vietnam gave further reason for involvement. By Oliver Robertson Oliver Robertson ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Vietnam 1954-1975 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Vietnam 1954-1975 essays

  1. Did the power of television force the US to leave Vietnam?

    Source F: Source F is a newspaper account written by Richard Hamer an American Journalist who was writing in 1970. By looking at this piece of text we can tell that Hamer was against the tactics America was using to fight the war in Vietnam.

  2. Describe the military tactics used by both the USA and the Vietcong forces in ...

    They also used defoliants to destroy crops, arguing that this would provide less food and cover for the Vietcong.

  1. Military tactics used by both the USA and the Vietcong forces in Vietnam in ...

    The US with their might under estimated the strength of the Vietcong. An example of the resourcefulness of the Vietcong was the use of US scrap materials. The Vietcong would use the scrap materials of the US to build their own weapons and mines.

  2. The USA should have been successful in Vietnam because of its technological and military ...

    Source I is useful as it is from a text book and it has been made to tell people about the Ho Chi Minh trail; it would also be reliable because it was by a historian and they would have researched it.

  1. The Vietnam War - why the USA became involved and how the media covered ...

    Source A is public propaganda and so cannot be considered to be the President's real views on the subject. Source B is completely off the record and is therefore a much more likely representation of the President's personal views on the subject and, because of this, it is a much more useful source.

  2. Why did the USA become involvedin Vietnam in the 1950s and 1960s?

    An example of this is the $17billion in Marshall Aid given to European countries to help rebuild after the Second World War. The other main factor that contributed towards America's communism fear was the Korean War. North Korea was communist and South Korea was capitalist, and the North was trying to convert the South to communism as well.

  1. Why did the US get involved in Vietnam

    So in order to fully know why America entered the war it would be advisable to study sources B and C. it would else be advisable to look at a timeline to see study the events that happened around that time.

  2. Why did the USA become increasingly involved in Vietnam between 1964-1968?

    Vietnam bordered southern China, a communist and nuclear-armed enemy of the United States. The Americans realised that if they had an ally like South Vietnam, the location would be of a massive importance if nuclear war was to break out.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work