• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Weimar Republic survive the crisis of 1918 – 1923?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the Weimar Republic survive the crisis of 1918 - 1923? Many desperately serious problems faced the new Weimar Republic and its constitution between 1918 - 1923, as explored in the previous essay. Amazingly, the Republic survived and remained intact. It survived falling due to many solutions the Treaty of Versailles, from political, economic, left wing, and right wing problems too. These different solutions kept Germany from crumbling. In this essay, I will explore these solutions to show how and why the Weimar Republic survived the crisis of 1918 - 1923. The Weimar Constitution was designed as a balanced democratic settlement to bring back stability, with which every German could identify. It did result in an 'ersatzkaiser', and was potentially de-stabilising, but despite this, the constitution worked very well indeed. It gave German people the right to employment, and dole money (pleased the left wing) even though Germany was in great debt. It gave workers National Insurance, and hinted at Nationalisation, which would unify Germany, although the Right wing would fury. The Constitution brought Germany from autocracy to democracy; shown by everyone over 20 being allowed to vote, and gave people many social rights e.g. to be able to belong to a Union, and adapted as part of the constitution. ...read more.

Middle

This shows how the Left wing would have never have had a chance of turning Germany Communist, due to the strength of the army. So it would survive the crisis thanks to the army. The bad organisation on the part of Karl liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg also led to the left wing defeat...they were murdered by the army too. So the Republic survived the crisis from the left due to bad organisation, and extreme left wing numbers were highly overestimated. For people only attended the rallies as they were unemployed, hungry, and many people were suffering from Spanish flu. But the people saw the KPD for what they were - as they were not suffering as much as the Russians did in the Russian revolution. There was less dislocation than in the USSR too - unemployment was not that serious, although people were suffering from hunger and flu in 1918. The Left wing did support the actions of the government, for example when Kapp seized power in Berlin, the left organised a general strike in Berlin and elsewhere. The Left was never strong enough to pose a serious threat to the Republic. They were overestimated and easily put down. The Left wing went into disarray in 1921 and never posed a threat from then on. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Right was much stronger and powerful than was predicted. However, despite the right being the strongest threat to the Weimar Republic, they failed to take power. In the years 1918 - 1923 the right were not yet strong enough. This was shown in the Kapp Putsch, they seized power but fled after 4 days. They were divided and had no clear strategy and were unorganised. There were internal divisions between Freikorps and Reichswehr, DNVP and NSDAP etc etc. They failed to seize power as they were unorganised, and they did lack majority support. It was a miracle that the Weimar Republic survived all of these crisis', but I believe strongly that if the Right wing were more organised, and had more of a clear strategy and removed all of the internal divisions in the years 1918 - 1923, then they could have easily have seized power and removed those in the Weimar Republic. The Right were a formidable threat to the weimar Republic, and although they did fail to take control in the years 1918 - 1923, they were the biggest threat, and the most powerful underestimated force that the Government should have dealt with before they started on the extreme left. So, the Weimar Republic survived the crisis of 1918 - 1923, due to a strong, divided right wing with no clear strategy, not yet ready to seize power. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    who were seen as being weak because a foreign country had invaded Germany. The combination of these problems then increased discontent within German society. 4. Social problems: Social divisions; social effects of hyperinflation Part 1: Problems Weimar problems 1919-23 [ILRIM] 1.

  2. Why did the Weimar Republic fail?

    The political instability was intensified by the financial implications of the Treaty of Versailles. By 1921, the level of reparations had been fixed to 132,000,000 gold marks. It was clearly evident that the weakened Germany would not be able to pay.

  1. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    which stated that they would leave the coalition unless the Kaiser and the Crown Prince were to abdicate. On November 9th, Wilhelm II abdicated (Prince Max of Baden announced this in cabinet) and fled to Holland. Prince Max also resigned as Chancellor, and handed office to Ebert (the leader of the SPD), who formed a provisional government.

  2. Why did the Right Wing fail in its threat to the Weimar Republic in ...

    the need to protect them from alien influences, especially the insidious influence of the Jews. Anton Drexler founded the party in 1919, but soon the determined and brilliant orator Adolf Hitler dominated the party. The party came close to ruin as it invested it trust in insurrection, this led to the imprisonment of some of its leaders.

  1. WWII History Revision Notes. How far did the Weimar Republic Recover between 1924-1928.

    They would take an oath to Hitler ? Indoctrinate them 3. They would watch propaganda films such as the ?Eternal Jew? 4. They would learn about the injustice of the Treaty of Versailles 5. They would sing nationalistic songs 6.

  2. The Weimar Republic faced many crises in 1923 for a variety of reasons

    This made the Weimar Republic not only look like traitors who gave in to the French, but also made them look weak and feeble. Because the Weimar Republic looked unstable and weak, the uprising of smaller parties as attempt to overthrow the Weimar Republic became more common, such as events like the Munich Beer Hall putsch.

  1. How far was the Kapp Putsch the major reason for instability between 1919 and ...

    Germany also ended up relying very much on America, which was a massive problem later on, due to the wall street crash. This, however, could not have been predicted (by Stresemann) at the time. For that moment, the decisions he made as foreign minister were good, and gave Germany a better global standing and improved international relations.

  2. To what extent did the Treaty of Versailles hinder the implementation of democracy ...

    The main aim of the Kapp Putsch was to destruct the Weimar republic. It gained significant support amongst the public, and showed that the army could not be relied upon as a sole supported of the Weimar Republic. A coup attempt in March of 1920 lead by Kapp and Luttwitz was however left untouched by the military.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work