• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Weimar Republic survive the crisis of 1918 – 1923?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the Weimar Republic survive the crisis of 1918 - 1923? Many desperately serious problems faced the new Weimar Republic and its constitution between 1918 - 1923, as explored in the previous essay. Amazingly, the Republic survived and remained intact. It survived falling due to many solutions the Treaty of Versailles, from political, economic, left wing, and right wing problems too. These different solutions kept Germany from crumbling. In this essay, I will explore these solutions to show how and why the Weimar Republic survived the crisis of 1918 - 1923. The Weimar Constitution was designed as a balanced democratic settlement to bring back stability, with which every German could identify. It did result in an 'ersatzkaiser', and was potentially de-stabilising, but despite this, the constitution worked very well indeed. It gave German people the right to employment, and dole money (pleased the left wing) even though Germany was in great debt. It gave workers National Insurance, and hinted at Nationalisation, which would unify Germany, although the Right wing would fury. The Constitution brought Germany from autocracy to democracy; shown by everyone over 20 being allowed to vote, and gave people many social rights e.g. to be able to belong to a Union, and adapted as part of the constitution. ...read more.

Middle

This shows how the Left wing would have never have had a chance of turning Germany Communist, due to the strength of the army. So it would survive the crisis thanks to the army. The bad organisation on the part of Karl liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg also led to the left wing defeat...they were murdered by the army too. So the Republic survived the crisis from the left due to bad organisation, and extreme left wing numbers were highly overestimated. For people only attended the rallies as they were unemployed, hungry, and many people were suffering from Spanish flu. But the people saw the KPD for what they were - as they were not suffering as much as the Russians did in the Russian revolution. There was less dislocation than in the USSR too - unemployment was not that serious, although people were suffering from hunger and flu in 1918. The Left wing did support the actions of the government, for example when Kapp seized power in Berlin, the left organised a general strike in Berlin and elsewhere. The Left was never strong enough to pose a serious threat to the Republic. They were overestimated and easily put down. The Left wing went into disarray in 1921 and never posed a threat from then on. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Right was much stronger and powerful than was predicted. However, despite the right being the strongest threat to the Weimar Republic, they failed to take power. In the years 1918 - 1923 the right were not yet strong enough. This was shown in the Kapp Putsch, they seized power but fled after 4 days. They were divided and had no clear strategy and were unorganised. There were internal divisions between Freikorps and Reichswehr, DNVP and NSDAP etc etc. They failed to seize power as they were unorganised, and they did lack majority support. It was a miracle that the Weimar Republic survived all of these crisis', but I believe strongly that if the Right wing were more organised, and had more of a clear strategy and removed all of the internal divisions in the years 1918 - 1923, then they could have easily have seized power and removed those in the Weimar Republic. The Right were a formidable threat to the weimar Republic, and although they did fail to take control in the years 1918 - 1923, they were the biggest threat, and the most powerful underestimated force that the Government should have dealt with before they started on the extreme left. So, the Weimar Republic survived the crisis of 1918 - 1923, due to a strong, divided right wing with no clear strategy, not yet ready to seize power. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    which stated that they would leave the coalition unless the Kaiser and the Crown Prince were to abdicate. On November 9th, Wilhelm II abdicated (Prince Max of Baden announced this in cabinet) and fled to Holland. Prince Max also resigned as Chancellor, and handed office to Ebert (the leader of the SPD), who formed a provisional government.

  2. Why was the Weimar Republic able to survive 1919 - 1929?

    On November 16th 1923, 4, 200, 000, 000, 000 Marks was equal to 1 U.S. Dollar. George Grosz said, "Lingering at the [shop] window was a luxury because shopping had to be done immediately. Even an additional minute meant an increase in price".

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    who were seen as being weak because a foreign country had invaded Germany. The combination of these problems then increased discontent within German society. 4. Social problems: Social divisions; social effects of hyperinflation Part 1: Problems Weimar problems 1919-23 [ILRIM] 1.

  2. Why did the Weimar Republic face so many problems 1918 - 1923?

    The Rhineland was demilitarised. The army was reduced to 100000 as well as the navy being reduced to 15000 with only 6 battleships - the rest of their battleships were to be given to the allies but Germany chose to sink them instead of surrendering them.

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face between 1919 and 1923?

    The Treaty of Versailles put restrictions on the German Army, allowing her only one hundred thousand men, no conscription, light infantry and cavalry only and no tanks or armoured vehicles, heavy artillery or chemical weapons.

  2. Why did the Weimar Republic Survive?

    One of the revolts that Weimar had to face was The Spartacist Revolt in 1919. Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht led them, their aim was to create a Soviet Germany in alliance with a Soviet Russia but they were poorly organized and when the Freikorps were set loose on them they were killed.

  1. Examine the degree to which the flaws of the Weimar Constitution explain the continuing ...

    some form of authoritarian government over democracy, giving him the power to ignore the Reichstag. This would give the option to use doctorial powers, which creates instability, as it could have resulted in the untimely end to democracy and the Weimar Republic.

  2. WWII History Revision Notes. How far did the Weimar Republic Recover between 1924-1928.

    Reasons for the Nazis to Use or Destroy the Churches: Use Them (Before 1935) Destroy Them (After 1935) Many Church members had voted for Hitler (especially Protestants) ? Destroying the Churches might turn these voters against the Nazi party Nearly all Germans were Christians.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work