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Why did the Weimar Republic Survive?

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Introduction

Why did the Weimar Republic Survive? Why did the Republic survive 1918-23, this was a huge problem time for the republic when, it seemed like, everyone was taking pot shots at them. Germany was facing some major problems, for example they had just lost the War, and with losing the war came the blame, and The Weimar Republic got that. The Treaty of Versailles caused huge unhappiness and unrest with its draconian rules and extortionate reparations. Germany could not pay the Reparations so they simply printed more money this sent them into Hyperinflation. So with the mark virtually worthless they could not pay Reparations so the French invaded the Ruhr. This was just one of the numerous rebellions, revolts and uprisings that happened in these years. Passive resistance had sent the Ruhr invasion to a crawl and when it was called of it angered the nationalists. The ToV was a bitter pill to swallow for the German people; they were subject to a hugely reduced army and navy, so that even Belgium was stronger than them. ...read more.

Middle

The revolt was only ended when the city went on general strike, the city ground to a halt and Kapp and Luttwitz fled to Sweden. All of these uprisings failed because they were either too badly organised or weren't strong enough. The Germans could only pay 1 instalment of the Reparations after that they simply could not afford it, when the Reparations ceased the French were angered and decided they would invade the Ruhr, their idea was to take the coal directly from the Ruhr. This angered the German people, that the French would dare invade their land. So the Weimar Republic called on the people of the Ruhr to Passively Resist the French, this meant that they would go on strike and the French would be unable to effectively get any coal out of the region. But with the people on strike the Republic still had to pay the wages, they could not afford this and they printed more money, this confounded the already fragile economy of Germany. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler's performance in the box was a Propaganda masterpiece. The judges were sympathetic to Hitler's motives and he was given the minimum 5 years in Landsberg Prison. My Conclusion, as to why Weimar Republic survived, is that the Republic was that there was no better alternative at that time. The Government were never overthrown because all of the revolts were neither strong, organized or had the support the needed. Either their ideology was too far left or too far right or not enough of either to capture the peoples minds. The Government were also faced with the paradox of that the answers to their problem were the cause of many others. For example one of the answers to Hyperinflation was to call of passive resistance, this angered the right wing and caused the Munich Putsch, this is also the same for the Ruhr invasions passive resistance causing Hyperinflation. So the Weimar Republic survived by not being the worst, they were never the best and they were never going to be liked by the people but they were always going to be better than anarchy. ?? ?? ?? ?? Matthew Edwards 1 ...read more.

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