• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Weimar Republic Survive?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the Weimar Republic Survive? Why did the Republic survive 1918-23, this was a huge problem time for the republic when, it seemed like, everyone was taking pot shots at them. Germany was facing some major problems, for example they had just lost the War, and with losing the war came the blame, and The Weimar Republic got that. The Treaty of Versailles caused huge unhappiness and unrest with its draconian rules and extortionate reparations. Germany could not pay the Reparations so they simply printed more money this sent them into Hyperinflation. So with the mark virtually worthless they could not pay Reparations so the French invaded the Ruhr. This was just one of the numerous rebellions, revolts and uprisings that happened in these years. Passive resistance had sent the Ruhr invasion to a crawl and when it was called of it angered the nationalists. The ToV was a bitter pill to swallow for the German people; they were subject to a hugely reduced army and navy, so that even Belgium was stronger than them. ...read more.


The revolt was only ended when the city went on general strike, the city ground to a halt and Kapp and Luttwitz fled to Sweden. All of these uprisings failed because they were either too badly organised or weren't strong enough. The Germans could only pay 1 instalment of the Reparations after that they simply could not afford it, when the Reparations ceased the French were angered and decided they would invade the Ruhr, their idea was to take the coal directly from the Ruhr. This angered the German people, that the French would dare invade their land. So the Weimar Republic called on the people of the Ruhr to Passively Resist the French, this meant that they would go on strike and the French would be unable to effectively get any coal out of the region. But with the people on strike the Republic still had to pay the wages, they could not afford this and they printed more money, this confounded the already fragile economy of Germany. ...read more.


Hitler's performance in the box was a Propaganda masterpiece. The judges were sympathetic to Hitler's motives and he was given the minimum 5 years in Landsberg Prison. My Conclusion, as to why Weimar Republic survived, is that the Republic was that there was no better alternative at that time. The Government were never overthrown because all of the revolts were neither strong, organized or had the support the needed. Either their ideology was too far left or too far right or not enough of either to capture the peoples minds. The Government were also faced with the paradox of that the answers to their problem were the cause of many others. For example one of the answers to Hyperinflation was to call of passive resistance, this angered the right wing and caused the Munich Putsch, this is also the same for the Ruhr invasions passive resistance causing Hyperinflation. So the Weimar Republic survived by not being the worst, they were never the best and they were never going to be liked by the people but they were always going to be better than anarchy. ?? ?? ?? ?? Matthew Edwards 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why did the Weimar Republic survive the crisis of 1918 – 1923?

    The Weimar Republic began on a bad note. It survived many crises' in the years 1918 - 1923. It survived due to a strong constitution, the proper use of article 48, the hyperinflation, and the harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles. It survived the threats from the left wing (the Spartakists)

  2. Why was the Weimar Republic able to survive 1919 - 1929?

    Stresemann also signed the Young Plan in 1929, which reduced Germany's reparation payments. Stresemann introduced a time of great possibility and was a symbol of stability. Cultural life also boomed under his guidance (the roaring twenties). Stresemann proved to be a key figure in the survival of the Weimar Republic from 1919 - 1929.

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    * September 1, 1923 RM 10,000,000 = 1 US Dollar * September 24, 1923 Chancellor Stresemann ends the passive resistance in the Ruhr; infuriates the nationalists. * September 30, 1923 Major Fedor von Bock crushes a coup attempt by the Black Reichswehr.

  2. What were the main problems for the Weimar Republic 1918-23?

    naval personnel not to exceed 15 000, a limit if twenty-four naval ships with no submarines, all military and naval aviation to be abandoned and all importation, exportation and production or war materials was to be stopped - thus resulting in Weimar having insufficient resources to keep order and defence and left many soldiers unemployed.

  1. Why was the Weimar Republic able to survive the challenges of 1918-1923?

    The German army was cut down to just 100,000 men that were not allowed to enter the Rhineland, a section of land separating Germany and France in which only allied troops were stationed. The Navy was also cut down to six battleships and banned from using submarines.

  2. What problems faced the new republic in Germany from 1918 to 1923? Why did ...

    From the start, the new Weimar government faced opposition from both left and right. The Left wing Spartacist group, lead by Luxemburg and Liebknecht, admired the new Russian Communist political system, and with the fall of the Kaiser, saw an opportunity to attempt to place Germany into a similar system.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work