• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Tilbury Fort develop into an important fortified site during the Renaissance period?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Tilbury Fort develop into an important fortified site during the Renaissance period? The Renaissance period was basically a time of rebirth. It was a cultural movement that spanned from the 14th century to the 17th century; it began in Italy around this time spreading through Europe. It was a time of great advances in science as well as development in the perspective of paintings. Fortified sites have been built throughout time for a number of different reasons, like watching enemies to storing artillery at home. These sites often included earth walls, ditches, wooden stakes and maze like entrances to confuse their enemies and keep them out. Roman Forts were walls built out of earth and strengthened by stones and tiles. These were made were local tribes were unfriendly and were troops were stationed. The Romans built most of their forts along the south and east coast as these were the most vulnerable places. The Normans however built mote and bailey castles from earth and wood, these were later replaced by stone. These castles were built to control the local people. The main reason for building Tilbury Fort was that it was on the River Thames which leads to London the economical and political capital of the country. ...read more.

Middle

He assembled his fleet at Portsmouth, and appointed Commissioners to 'search and defend' the coastline. He intended to have a chain of forts and batteries around the island to protect major access ports and to prevent an enemy landing. Henry realised the South and South East coasts would be especially vulnerable from attack. He also realised new artillery was an important factor to consider and that enemy ships would be armed with guns. Henry realised that land gun platforms remained more effective and stable, and the range and mobility of the newest canons made pairing blockhouses a possible way to stop enemy landings on the Thames. To guard the Thames and London there were two blockhouses built on the North bank at East and West Tilbury and three on the South at Gravesend. These blockhouses were built in 1539/40 and were designed by Christopher Morice and James Nedeman. They were sited where the river first begins to narrow after the estuary. The Tilbury and Gravesend forts guarded the important Gravesend/Tilbury ferry crossing. The plans of Gravesend and Tilbury blockhouses, the only ones known, show them to have been D-shaped structures of brick, two storeys high, with guns mounted in casements in the semi-circular front in the open roof. ...read more.

Conclusion

Tilbury Fort was built in 1670 to protect the heavy guns positioned on the river bank. The fort had typical Renaissance design features of classical Roman influence. The Romans were a symbol of power, to share similarities with them warned England's enemies that it too was a force to be reckoned with. The Roman and Greek influence can most clearly be seen in the pillars and pediments. Tilbury Fort was very similar to others built at the time including Gravesend, Milton and other fortifications in France. Charles' fort in Ireland was almost identical to Tilbury, having been built during the same period. Their were many factors affecting Tilbury these were: Government War Individuals Geography Religion Communications Technology Economy War and Government were the most import and the most dominating factors affecting Tilbury Fort. Tilbury developed into such an important fortified site during the Renaissance mainly because of Henry VIII and Charles II who were both aiming to defend the country due to being worried about an invading foreign threat. They perceived this threat and both built up Tilbury with blockhouses, coastal forts (e.g. Deal castle) etc. Both designs for their Tilbury Fort were new at the time and were atypical. The differences between their reasons for defending England was Charles' was more tangible (you could see it and touch it) as the Dutch had already invaded whereas with Henry the Holy Roman Empire had not shown any signs of a prepared invasion. By Charlotte Strong ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. How And Why Has Dover Castle Changed Since The Roman Period?

    Dover Castle was an important naval station as it was safe from attacks over sea and land. But in 1917 the tunnels were only in use for storage. When the Second World War broke out, Germany's specialists tank forces had split the British and French army and the BEF (British Expeditionary Force)

  2. How far does the site of Warwick Castle and the supporting sources help you ...

    any historical primary or secondary evidence that could back these stories up. The guidebook doesn't have much information about Warwick Castle before the 18th and 19th centuries. I think that this is mainly because it wouldn't be very entertaining to read, which again shows the majority is about entertaining and making the most amount of money.

  1. Was Oystermouth Castle typical of the castles built in Wales during the middle Ages?

    The biggest major development throughout castle making were the coming of fortified manor houses. This was the change from castles to fortified manor houses. Castles were no longer any use in large-scale warfare. Even so, these fortified manor houses still used some military features of a castle.

  2. Kenilworth Castle - Site Analysis********

    Also, attackers would find it impossible to place ladders close enough to the walls, due to the sloping foundations. This is leisters building and the keep. When I visited the castle, I compared the two buildings. The keep had very thick walls - up to 3 metres in some areas.

  1. How and Why Did The Rebecca Riots Develop?

    A group of primary extracts from The Carmarthen Journal newspaper clearly show an escalation in the violence occurring in West Wales. The December 16th issue of 1842 reiterates in part what was mentioned in the Constabulary report, adding more detail about the appearance of the rioters.

  2. Like most castles in the South of England, all of the changes at Portchester ...

    Edward II & Edward III 1320-1385AD Edward II was the first English prince to hold the title of the Prince of Wales. Many repairs and improvements were made at Portchester during this period of time. The first change came between 1320 and 1326 when halls, chambers, walls and gates were repaired to the cost of �1100.

  1. Was the Medical Renaissance an important period in medical history?

    He was a professor of anatomy at Padua University, Italy. He was quick in proving Galen wrong regarding the human jawbone being comprised of two separate pieces, and also went further and announced that the human heart did not have a perforated septum, separating the ventricles.

  2. The develpoment of Ightham Mote

    The fact that bigger windows were built meant more money was spent: glass was expensive. This money was not only due to the revival of trade but most of it was as a result from reformation, since no money was needed to be paid for the church.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work