• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did war break out in 1914?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sam Tappenden, 3L 8th October Why did war break out in 1914? TRENDS There were many rivalries between countries around the time of 1914 and before. These made strained relations between countries. One of the rivalries was to do with The Navies of Germany and England. Even before the twentieth century, Britain Navy was established as the most powerful navy. No two navies put together would be the size of it. Because of the geographical position of Britain, with a large navy she would rule the seas and would not worry about invasion. This meant they would not have to have a very big army. This is why the navy was a big priority to Britain. At this stage, Germany had only been in existence for eighteen years and was not likely to compete with Britain, because they had no navy. But then a new Secretary of State for Germany's admiralty was elected- Tirpitz. The next year after this - 1898, the first naval law was passed. ...read more.

Middle

Now he threatened the empire There were economic conflicts between Germany and Britain from 1890 onwards. Since 1871 Germany had been experiencing a period of rapid industrialization, and by 1890 the products of her industry were competing with British manufactures everywhere in the globe and German merchant ships threatened Britain's carrying trade. By 1914, Germany were producing, more coal, more steel, more iron, and more cars. Britain, which was the first nation to go through the industrial revolution in the 1800s, was no longer taking lead in economy. There were also economic struggles between Germany and France. In 1870 France had already lost two of her coal producing provinces--Alsace and Lorraine to Germany. From 1871 onwards, France had to import coal from other countries. Therefore France had to compete with Germany in Morocco because the place was rich in mineral resources. Germany and Austria also rivalled with Russia in the Balkans for commercial privileges. As early as 1888 Germany began to build a railway in the area. Austria regarded the area as a field for profitable investment and as a big market for her manufactured goods. ...read more.

Conclusion

By 1914, there was so much mistrust between members of the Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance, that it was only a matter of time before they went to war with each other. A tiny spark, would start the war... THE TRIGGER In the small town of Sarajevo, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand went to inspect troops on 28th June 1914. He was heir to the Austrian throne. Sarajevo was very near Austria's rival state - Serbia, and he had been warned his visit might be dangerous. Some Serbs would go to great measures to show how much they hated the Austrians. One such man went too far - Gavrilo Princip. The young student waited in the streets of Sarajevo for the Franz Ferdinand to arrive. He shot at him and his wife - Sophia. Sophia, shot in the stomach died first, and then the Archduke who was shot in the throat. The Austrians were outraged, and blamed Serbs for supporting Princip. They issued a series of demands, one of which Serbia denied. The Austrians did not feel this was enough, and declared war! Shortly afterwards, other European powers were involved, Europe was at war! ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why Did The First World War Break Out in 1914?

    5 star(s)

    Despite its prestige and perceived power the Royal Navy was, in the late 19th century, outdated, disorganised and unready for war with a major world power. The First Lord of the Admiralty, John Arbuthnot Fisher recognised the distressing truth and when he came to power in 1904 he began reforms and promoted the construction of a revolutionary battleship, HMS Dreadnought.

  2. Why did war break out in Europe in 1939

    There were many reasons for supported Appeasement; the British or French weren't ready for a war and needed time to make more weapons etc, nobody wanted a war again after the horrors of World War Two, Hitler was standing up to the Communists so he would as a

  1. Questions on World War One.

    failures of the Hague Conferences over disarmament) - conflict of Austria and Russia "neither power believed it could allow the other to attain complete security without jeopardizing its own security". - conflict of Germany and France was irreconciliable because of the Alsace-Lorraine question.

  2. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    Peace was to him the means towards an end - that of German "Power". Bismarck assumed that all nations and all statesmen thought in his own terms and that fear, greed and jealousy were the main motives of international life. It characterised his "Realpolitik" to the end of his days.

  1. Why did war break out in 1914?

    This would then free up troops to fight Russia on the Eastern Front. This plan became known as the Schliefen plan. By the early 1900s, alliances involving most of the European powers had developed. The Dual Alliance became The Triple Alliance with Italy.

  2. WHY DID WAR BREAK OUT IN 1914

    For example: In 1905 and 1911, there were disputes between the powers over colonies in North Africa. In 1908, Austria - Hungary took over the province of Bosnia, which contained many Serbs. Serbia and her ally Russia were furious, but there was no war as a result.

  1. To what extent did Austrian-Serbian relations cause the break out of World War One

    Although separately these countries were no where the strongest superpowers, combined they became very close to being the strongest superpower. This obviously angered and scared Britain and France because they were unsure to whether the alliance was defensive or offensive. In 1882 Austria-Hungary and Germany formed an alliance with Italy.

  2. History Revision notes - International Relations: Why did WW2 break out? 1929-1939

    The policy of appeasement The Germans hated the Treaty of Versailles and throughout the 1920s and 1930s her politicians tried to reverse the terms of the treaty. In the 1920s, Hitler and the Nazis gained support as they promised to reverse the treaty.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work