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Why did war break out in 1914?

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Sam Tappenden, 3L 8th October Why did war break out in 1914? TRENDS There were many rivalries between countries around the time of 1914 and before. These made strained relations between countries. One of the rivalries was to do with The Navies of Germany and England. Even before the twentieth century, Britain Navy was established as the most powerful navy. No two navies put together would be the size of it. Because of the geographical position of Britain, with a large navy she would rule the seas and would not worry about invasion. This meant they would not have to have a very big army. This is why the navy was a big priority to Britain. At this stage, Germany had only been in existence for eighteen years and was not likely to compete with Britain, because they had no navy. But then a new Secretary of State for Germany's admiralty was elected- Tirpitz. The next year after this - 1898, the first naval law was passed. ...read more.


Now he threatened the empire There were economic conflicts between Germany and Britain from 1890 onwards. Since 1871 Germany had been experiencing a period of rapid industrialization, and by 1890 the products of her industry were competing with British manufactures everywhere in the globe and German merchant ships threatened Britain's carrying trade. By 1914, Germany were producing, more coal, more steel, more iron, and more cars. Britain, which was the first nation to go through the industrial revolution in the 1800s, was no longer taking lead in economy. There were also economic struggles between Germany and France. In 1870 France had already lost two of her coal producing provinces--Alsace and Lorraine to Germany. From 1871 onwards, France had to import coal from other countries. Therefore France had to compete with Germany in Morocco because the place was rich in mineral resources. Germany and Austria also rivalled with Russia in the Balkans for commercial privileges. As early as 1888 Germany began to build a railway in the area. Austria regarded the area as a field for profitable investment and as a big market for her manufactured goods. ...read more.


By 1914, there was so much mistrust between members of the Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance, that it was only a matter of time before they went to war with each other. A tiny spark, would start the war... THE TRIGGER In the small town of Sarajevo, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand went to inspect troops on 28th June 1914. He was heir to the Austrian throne. Sarajevo was very near Austria's rival state - Serbia, and he had been warned his visit might be dangerous. Some Serbs would go to great measures to show how much they hated the Austrians. One such man went too far - Gavrilo Princip. The young student waited in the streets of Sarajevo for the Franz Ferdinand to arrive. He shot at him and his wife - Sophia. Sophia, shot in the stomach died first, and then the Archduke who was shot in the throat. The Austrians were outraged, and blamed Serbs for supporting Princip. They issued a series of demands, one of which Serbia denied. The Austrians did not feel this was enough, and declared war! Shortly afterwards, other European powers were involved, Europe was at war! ...read more.

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