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Why Did War Break Out In 1939?

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Introduction

Why Did War Break Out In 1939? World War II broke out in 1939. There was not just one single reason behind this, but many. World War II had six major causes. These were, the anger caused over the Treaty of Versailles, the failure of peace efforts after World War I, the rise of Fascism, the aims and goals of Hitler, the detachment of America (and Britain), and the re-armament of Europe. Each of these causes played a large part in the build up to the Second World War and each one pushed the countries closer to war as they occurred. After World War I, there were many attempts to bring lasting peace. These included the Treaty of Versailles, which had been made in collaboration with the Woodrow Wilson's fourteen points. This in itself brought about many problems. The Treaty of Versailles was viewed with many different opinions. People closely involved with the war, for example France, thought that the Treaty of Versailles should be extremely harsh on Germany. Whereas countries further away, for example America, who did not lose as much as the closer countries thought that the Treaty of Versailles should not be too harsh on Germany. This caused problems as the Treaty was drawn up between the three leaders involved (the 'Big Three' - Woodrow Wilson, Lloyd George and Clemenceau). ...read more.

Middle

At this conference, various countries agreed to solve their problems through diplomatic means and war was only acceptable if it was for self-defence. The various peace treaties and conferences demonstrated the weaknesses of all of the countries - all of the countries lacked power and trust. This related closely to the actions of Hitler and the way in which he used the League's failures to gain power. In Germany in 1933, Hitler came into power. Hitler openly revealed his aims in his book 'Mein Kampf' ('My Struggle'). These were to reverse the Treaty of Versailles and increase Germany's territory. Hitler realised these plans would result in war so he said the Germany should rearm and ignore the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler paid great attention to the invasion of Manchuria in 1931 and Italy's invasion of Abyssinia in 1935. He noticed that both seemed to have been ignored by the League of Nations and neither of the countries had suffered any serious penalties. Both Germany and Italy now were under Fascist rule. The rise of Fascism would contribute greatly to the outbreak of war. Hitler's aims indicated that some form of action must be taken by the other nations before another world war broke out. ...read more.

Conclusion

This just raised tensions higher than they already were. The situation in Europe had been like a ticking time bomb just waiting to explode and eventually it did - World War II began. World War II had many causes, each of which contributed a great deal towards it. Many of these causes were a result of World War I i.e. many problems were a result of the Treaty of Versailles. Germany resentment for the other nations (France, Britain) was a sure-fire event to cause a war based on revenge. Without Americas support in the League of Nations, it seemed powerless whereas if every nation had worked together it would have been much more successful. However, the lack of trust and cooperation between countries pushed the World that one step closer towards war as each nation seemed to have more self-interest than anything else. World War II was a result over the anger caused by the Treaty of Versailles, the failure of peace efforts after World War I, the rise of Fascism, the aims and goals of Hitler, the detachment of America (and Britain), and the re-armament of Europe. The Second World War did not have one single cause, but many, each playing a crucial role in the success of international peace, which unfortunately collapsed by 1939. ?? ?? ?? ?? ______________________________________________________________________________________ Mandeep Bamrah - 10h Page 1 of 4 4/20/2007 ...read more.

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