• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did war break out in Europe in 1939?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Why did war break out in Europe in 1939? When Hitler came to power in Germany in 1933 he promised to reverse the Treaty of Versailles, like many Germans Hitler believed that the treaty of Versailles was unjust and blamed Germany?s problems on the peace settlement. He also hate it so much he called the German leaders who signed it ?The November criminals ?this shows his hatred towards the treaty, but this wasn?t the only reason why he dislike the treaty so much, the treaty was a constant remainder to Germans of their loss in First World War and the treaty was also a symbol of Germanys defeat and disgrace that came with it, it humiliated the Germany. Hitler thought it would be necessary to destroy the Treaty of Versailles in order to further his aims, also when Hitler came to power, reparations had been reduced and eventually cancelled in 1932 but most of the points were still in place. Hitler?s aims were to change the territorial settlement of Treaty of Versailles by regaining lands which had been taken from Germany at Versailles, including the Saar and Danzig and bring the seven million German-speaking people in Austria, and the four million in Czechoslovakia and Poland, into his empire this again involved destroying the peace settlement of 1919. ...read more.

Middle

Italy, like Japan in 1931, was in permanent member of council of the League. The Manchurian Crisis had given Mussolini the impression that the league would not resist an act of aggression by a major power. In these sources you can see the League of Nations non-action in Abyssinian Crisis and Manchurian Crisis showed other nations like Germany that the League are powerless and irrelevant, giving Hitler the impression that he can do what he wants because the league didn?t do anything with the other Crisis?s. In 1936 Hitler began his policy of reclaiming lost German territory and Neville Chamberlain who become prime minister in 1937, he believed in taking an active role in solving Hitler?s grievances , he felt that Germans had good reasons to be upset at many of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles . What he wanted to do was to find what Hitler want and show him that reasonable claims could be met by negotiation instead of by force, so this way the problems of treaty could be solved, Germany could be satisfied and there would be no war, so he made an appeasement and Hitler could get what he wants, little did Chamberlain know of the risks of appeasement. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler took advantage of Crisis?s to put his plans forward to reversed the treaty of Versailles and to get Germany out of there depression, make Germans proud again and make there empire powerful again. There were many other factors that led to war like great depression , it hit USA first and spread like shockwave a cross the world and it was a vicious circle because none of the country could afford to paid its loan or to traded, so no money was coming in and no one was getting paid and there was no money and the people suffered, they just want a way out and Hitler saw a way to get his people out of this by getting out of treaty and getting back his land and others that wasn?t his in first place and by doing this he caused what we know as the second world war. There are hundreds of reason that led towards the war and some are just the timing but most are the fault of Hitler and his malicious planning , he saw an opportunity and he took it , causing country to turn against country ,friends against friends, father against sons ., causing a war we still haven?t recover from emotionally may never do so???????????? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    Austria signed the Treaty of Saint Germain. Hungary signed the Treaty of Trianon. Austria and Hungary were treated as two completely new countries after these treaties were signed. Both lost land to neighbouring countries; the new state of Czechoslovakia was effectively created out of this carve up of land; large blocks of land went to Poland, Roumania and Yugoslavia.

  2. Why was the Abyssinian crisis a death blow to the league when the Manchurian ...

    There was no question of who was going to win. One of the main reasons for this was that the league was at least seen to do the right thing in the Manchurian crisis as they condemned Japan for invading and although they didn't do anything about it they did, in the end, came to the right decision.

  1. Japanese Invade Manchuria

    * Germany accepted the Rhineland was a demilitarised zone. * France and Germany agreed to settle any future disputes through the League of Nations. These agreements seemed to resolve some problems left from WW1. These treaties meant that France was more secure and Germany was gained entry into the League.

  2. Why did war break out in Europe in 1939

    The Japanese businesses which had developed in Manchuria were set to be lost as Manchuria looked as if it was going to join China. Japan quickly removed any Chinese forces which were there and in 1932 removed the Manchuria leader and replaced him with a puppet who would obey the Japanese.

  1. Questions on World War One.

    Conclusion : Human factors interacted with historical factors. Both were responsible for war. Do you consider that the outbreak of a general war was inevitable after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand? This question queries the inevitability of a general war after the assassination.

  2. How significant was the Night of the Long Knives in enabling Hitler to consolidate ...

    banning of their newspapers and meetings destroyed the KPD, the Nazi Party's main rivals. Secondly, Hitler appeared decisive to the public, so many more people voted for him, reversing the decline in the Nazi vote. In the longer term, because Hitler claimed that the threat of Communism was indefinite, the powers remained.

  1. History Revision notes - International Relations: Why did WW2 break out? 1929-1939

    Therefore, Germany left the conference saying there was no real desire for disarmament among major powers. Later on, in 1935, Hitler announced that he had built an air force (Luftwaffe) and that he was introducing conscription (compulsory military service). Additionally, Hitler wanted to build an army consisting of 600,000 soldiers

  2. Why did international peace collapse in 1939?

    Since France and Germany had signed an agreement to protect each other against Germany, he used that as an excuse to protect his own frontier. As he expected, the League of Nations did nothing about it, and it was the first step he took towards World War II.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work