• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did war break out in Europe in 1939

Extracts from this document...


Why did war break out in Europe in 1939? When Hitler came to power in Germany in 1933 he promised many things, his most popular promise which appealed to the people of Germany was to abolish the Treaty of Versailles. Everyone in Germany despised the treaty for obvious reasons; under article 231 Germany was blamed solely for the First World War, the fact that there was no reason for the treaty to be imposed as Ebert had now taken over from the Kaiser, it was completely unfair leaving Germany crippled, Germany had to pay reparations of �6600million, 10% of industry and 15% of agriculture was taken away, restriction of army to 100,000 men and 13% of all German land was taken away along with all of its colonies. Hitler started breaking the treaties rules straight away, rearming, remilitarising the Rhineland etc. But just how did he gain the confidence to do all this with Britain and France breathing down his neck? In the 1930s there were two incidents that really tested the League of Nations; the Japanese invasion of Manchuria and the Italian invasion of Abyssinia. In 1931 the Japanese invaded Manchuria in response to an attack on their railway line in South Manchuria, this is now thought to have been done by the Japanese themselves. ...read more.


barrier between them and the Communists, both the British colonies and the USA could not be relied upon to support of participate in a war with Germany, depression was still happening in Britain and France so they preferred to sort out their own problems first and many people believed that the Treat of Versailles was unfair and a Germany without it Germany would become peaceful. Although this isn't how everyone felt, some people claimed that Appeasement gave Hitler too much trust and allowed him to build up his army to that greater of Britain's and France's, it made Hitler become more aggressive and it scared the USSR into building their army much larger as they believed Britain and France would not support them in a war with Hitler with this new policy. After Hitler got away with this so easily it was only natural he became more confident in himself and in 1938 he took over Austria. There was already a large Nazi party in Austria and Hitler told them to stir up as much trouble as they could. The Austrian chancellor, Kurt Schuchnigg, asked Hitler to stop this and Hitler said he would, if there could be Anschluss, the joining together of Germany and Austria. ...read more.


Britain and France couldn't let Hitler get away with this anymore, and on 3rd September they declared war on Germany, this marked the beginning of World War Two. Although it was Hitler's actions which led to war, many other factors were important in making the war happen, mainly the policy of Appeasement. Appeasement is the right policy to use but cannot be used with people like Hitler, if Britain and France hadn't appeased Hitler then there wouldn't have been a World War Two. When Hitler remilitarised the Rhineland Hitler's orders were to retreat if attacked and this proves that the German army was extremely weak then and if attacked would have knocked Hitler's confidence down to a minimum making him not as aggressive. On the other hand we did win World War Two, arguably, because of Appeasement and the time it gave us to arm ourselves against Hitler. The League of Nations was another big cause of World War Two, it failed to stop countries attacking aggressively against others allowing Hitler to build up his confidence. The War is ultimately Hitler's fault for wanting to expand his empire and being so deceitful when it came to obeying treaties and agreements, although it is only fair for Britain and France to share some of the blame as they allowed Hitler to walk all over them ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. The Long Fuse by Laurence Lafore - Chapter Three: The Europe of the Armed ...

    The Franco-Russian Alliance compelled the Germans to get ready for a two-front war. The Aspect of Germany It was not all Germany's fault, however, that it were portrayed as a villain. The press and patriotic politicians of Russia, France, and Great Britain made themselves sound great, so naturally, Germany was made the "bad guy".

  2. History Essay - Why did war break out in Europe in 1939

    Their window of opportunity came in September 1931; they claimed the Chinese soldiers had sabotaged the South Manchurian Railway. In retaliation the Japanese overran Manchuria and threw out all Chinese forces. The following year Japanese aeroplanes and gun ships bomber Shanghai under orders from the Army not the civilian government.

  1. How significant was the Night of the Long Knives in enabling Hitler to consolidate ...

    and Georgi Dimitrov (of the Soviet Comintern) were charged. Because of this, Hitler was able to claim that a communist revolution was imminent, and President Hindenburg (who was going senile) granted Hitler emergency powers. These were of vast importance in Hitler's rise to total power. In the short term, the arrest of the Communist leaders and the

  2. Why was the Abyssinian crisis a death blow to the league when the Manchurian ...

    There was no question of who was going to win. One of the main reasons for this was that the league was at least seen to do the right thing in the Manchurian crisis as they condemned Japan for invading and although they didn't do anything about it they did, in the end, came to the right decision.

  1. Was Hitler the cause of WW2? A.J.P Taylor wrote the controversial The origins ...

    So the USA did not approve the Treaty of Versailles, nor did they join the League of Nations or the International Court of Justice. Many Americans simply wanted to enjoy the success that had developed in the previous decade and felt that foreign involvement would threaten it.

  2. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    A League of Nations was set up to keep world peace. In fact, the first 26 clauses of the treaty dealt with the League's organisation. The German reaction to the Treaty of Versailles After agreeing to the Armistice in November 1918, the Germans had been convinced that they would

  1. Japanese Invade Manchuria

    Britain felt that it needed to keep up good relations with Japan. But, after the resigning if Japan, the league was powerless and was crippling economically as Japan traded with USA and brought a lot of money into the League.

  2. Why did war break out in Europe in 1939?

    In the 1930s there were two incidents that really tested the League of Nations. The Manchurian Crisis was caused when Japan had been dissatisfied with the peace settlement at the end of the First World War, Many thought the answer would be the expansion of Japan into Manchuria; this would make room for growing population and markets for Japanese good.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work