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Why did war break out in Europe in 1939

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Introduction

Why did war break out in Europe in 1939? When Hitler came to power in Germany in 1933 he promised many things, his most popular promise which appealed to the people of Germany was to abolish the Treaty of Versailles. Everyone in Germany despised the treaty for obvious reasons; under article 231 Germany was blamed solely for the First World War, the fact that there was no reason for the treaty to be imposed as Ebert had now taken over from the Kaiser, it was completely unfair leaving Germany crippled, Germany had to pay reparations of �6600million, 10% of industry and 15% of agriculture was taken away, restriction of army to 100,000 men and 13% of all German land was taken away along with all of its colonies. Hitler started breaking the treaties rules straight away, rearming, remilitarising the Rhineland etc. But just how did he gain the confidence to do all this with Britain and France breathing down his neck? In the 1930s there were two incidents that really tested the League of Nations; the Japanese invasion of Manchuria and the Italian invasion of Abyssinia. In 1931 the Japanese invaded Manchuria in response to an attack on their railway line in South Manchuria, this is now thought to have been done by the Japanese themselves. ...read more.

Middle

barrier between them and the Communists, both the British colonies and the USA could not be relied upon to support of participate in a war with Germany, depression was still happening in Britain and France so they preferred to sort out their own problems first and many people believed that the Treat of Versailles was unfair and a Germany without it Germany would become peaceful. Although this isn't how everyone felt, some people claimed that Appeasement gave Hitler too much trust and allowed him to build up his army to that greater of Britain's and France's, it made Hitler become more aggressive and it scared the USSR into building their army much larger as they believed Britain and France would not support them in a war with Hitler with this new policy. After Hitler got away with this so easily it was only natural he became more confident in himself and in 1938 he took over Austria. There was already a large Nazi party in Austria and Hitler told them to stir up as much trouble as they could. The Austrian chancellor, Kurt Schuchnigg, asked Hitler to stop this and Hitler said he would, if there could be Anschluss, the joining together of Germany and Austria. ...read more.

Conclusion

Britain and France couldn't let Hitler get away with this anymore, and on 3rd September they declared war on Germany, this marked the beginning of World War Two. Although it was Hitler's actions which led to war, many other factors were important in making the war happen, mainly the policy of Appeasement. Appeasement is the right policy to use but cannot be used with people like Hitler, if Britain and France hadn't appeased Hitler then there wouldn't have been a World War Two. When Hitler remilitarised the Rhineland Hitler's orders were to retreat if attacked and this proves that the German army was extremely weak then and if attacked would have knocked Hitler's confidence down to a minimum making him not as aggressive. On the other hand we did win World War Two, arguably, because of Appeasement and the time it gave us to arm ourselves against Hitler. The League of Nations was another big cause of World War Two, it failed to stop countries attacking aggressively against others allowing Hitler to build up his confidence. The War is ultimately Hitler's fault for wanting to expand his empire and being so deceitful when it came to obeying treaties and agreements, although it is only fair for Britain and France to share some of the blame as they allowed Hitler to walk all over them ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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