• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did war break out in Europe In 1939.

Extracts from this document...


Why did war break out in Europe In 1939 On September 1st, 1939 German troops moved into Poland, in an attempt to take over the country. Appeasement had failed as on the next day, September 2nd, 1939, Britain & France declared war on Germany. There are many (short term & long term) causes as to why peace in Europe collapsed in 1939. When Hitler came to power in 1933, he had already been pledged to reverse the treaty of Versailles & to restore Germany's greatness i.e. recover/increase German territory. He knew full well that to achieve these aims, he may have to go to war. He was pledged to achieving ''lebensraum'', reversing the treaty of Versailles (1919), uniting all German peoples (Volksdeutsche) & achieving self-sufficiency (autarky) for Germany. He was pledged to these aims because he had stated them in Mein Kampt, his auto biography. Furthermore he used these as a means to win the support to nationalists & also to win the support of the military-he could not back down as he would then lose support. German people already despised the treaty of Versailles (the diktat) ...read more.


Further more, the depression led to international rivalry & distrust instead of co-operation. This encouraged militaristic governments to build-up empires by force (e.g. Japan & Italy). Furthermore to reduce unemployment caused by the depression, many countries began rearmament & increasing the size of their armies. This gave countries the potential to fight a war and made the world a more dangerous place. In addition, the isolationism of the USA may have lead to the war because as if was economically the most powerful nation, it could have used its economic influence to deter aggression. moreover, the USA could use it's enormous amount of resources to equip it's army with the latest weapons & send it to Europe to ensure the will of the League of Nations was kept.(however, the use of it's economic influence had the potential to cause a militaristic backlosn against the USA as demonstrated by the Japanese assault on Pearl Harbour.) If the USA had done the above, aggression would most probably have been deterred. In 1936, Hitler began his policy of reclaiming lost German land and uniting all German speakers in a 'greater Germany'. ...read more.


The pact was signed by the USSR because it gave them extra territory e.g. Baltic States. Furthermore, it would allow them to get ready for war, i.e. allow the time to re-arm, to an extent that could challenge the Germans. When Hitler invaded Poland, war broke out in Europe because Britain & France had promised to fight Germany if Germany invaded Poland. Hitler invaded Poland because firstly, he felt that the British & French would oppose him again. Secondly, Hitler may have felt confident enough to fight the British & French, as he now had taken-over. Also, he was by then in possession of the Skoda arms factory, the best weapons factory in Europe at the time. In conclusion, it can be said that although it was Hitler's actions which lead to war, other factors, most notably, the policy of appeasement & the 'isolationism' of the USA. If appeasement had not occurred, Hitler would not have had the confidence to take-over land in Eastern Europe. If Hitler had been prevented from taking the Rhineland, he may not have gone onto takeover Poland. It can be said that Hitler only exploited the situation in his favor, and one gamble too many by him lead to the war. HUSSEIN KAPASI - IGCSE HISTORY ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why did Europe go to war in 1939

    Germany had to admit full responsibility for starting the war. Germany, as she was responsible for starting the war, was therefore responsible for all the war damage caused by the First World War. Therefore, she had to pay reparations, the bulk of which would go to France and Belgium to

  2. Why Did War Break Out In 1939?

    However, due to the lack of trust and cooperation between nations, the League of Nations did not have much real power. Its' ideas in theory would prevent war, but in reality, without the power to enforce its convictions, the League of Nations just fell to pieces.

  1. Why had international Peace Collapsed by 1939?

    France told Hoare that if Italy were not given two thirds of Abyssinia then it would not support sanctions. Britain and France wanting to give Italy two thirds of Italy was leaked to the French press and soon got around Europe.

  2. The Italian Conquest of Abyssinia: How far was the LoN to blame?

    Time goes on and as it does, memory becomes a less clear vision. What I mean by this is that people tend to forget things or not see them the way they were at the time and so Source D may be different to what had actually happened.

  1. what were the roots of the british policy of appeasement?

    Czechoslovakia Chamberlain said "there is nothing France or we can do to help Czechoslovakia if Germany really wanted to invade." To conclude I believe in my opinion that Chamberlain's mistake was the failure to recognise that Britain was declining in power and prestige.

  2. To what extent can it be argued that appeasement was the cause of the ...

    However this criticism is not fully conclusive as to stop Hitler would indeed have fundamentally required military action, which neither Britain nor France were ready for due to the strong consensus amongst their societies for the avoidance of any military conflict, which had resulted in slow military rearmament this again

  1. Why had international peace collapsed by 1939?

    refused to do so. China appealed to the league for help; however, Japan claimed that it was acting in self-defence and not as an aggressor, since China was in a state of such disorder that Japan had to resort to militarism to settle this 'local' dispute.

  2. What is the tradition of animosity between racial groups in Europe during the Twentieth ...

    This stood in clear contradiction to the Gypsy's way of life, as they comprised of many different roots and hermitages and were not ready to completely settle down. In the eyes of the regime, the Gypsies were "asocials" who did not fit into the new society that was to be

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work