• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did war break out in Europe in 1939?

Extracts from this document...


Why did war break out in Europe in 1939? Of course all historians agree that Adolf Hitler was the main reason that the Second World War started in 1939. This was because of his totalitarian way of running his country. Also because of how aggressive he was towards weaker countries. In the paragraphs below I will say what the main reasons for the break out of war in Europe in 1939 were. When Hitler came to power in 1933 he like many Germans were apposed to the treaty of Versailles this was because he felt it was unjust. Hitler disliked the treaty so much that he called the Germans who signed the treaty "The November Criminals." The treaty was seen as a reminder of their defeat in the First World War. Hitler stated that he would he would reverse the treaty if he came to power. Straight away when he took control of Germany he took the nation out of the League of Nations. Hitler also began to rearm Germany, which was in direct defiance of the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler handled the way that he rearmed the country very cleverly. ...read more.


This was risky gamble by Hitler because the French or the English could have crushed Germany but no one stopped Hitler and his gamble paid off. Hitler was becoming more confident because no one was stopping him. This confidence was shown in 1936. This was in the Spanish Civil War. Hitler was supporting right-wing rebels. Hitler was fighting against communists and trying out his new armed forces. The world was horrified at what these forces could do with there modern weapons. The League of Nations was powerless to do anything against this. With Hitler's confidence he decided that he would take over Austria. The Austrian people were mainly German and there was a strong Nazi party. Hitler made the nazi party to cause trouble and that the only way it would stop was if there was a plebiscite. With a strong nazi presence at the vote the Austrian vote with a huge majority. Hitler was now in control of Austria and there was no opposition from the Allies. In 1938 the Sudetenland came under pressure from Hitler. This was because it had forts; railways and industries needed for a war effort. ...read more.


This meant that he could put all his forces on the Western front. Which he did very effectively by taking control of France. Stalin gained from the pact by giving his country more time to mobilise for war. When Hitler invaded Poland in 1939 Britain and France went to war with Germany because they had firstly warned them against doing so. Also the two countries had had enough of Hitler's aggressive policy. They had to invade Poland because the British and French had signed a pact with Poland that if they were attacked then they would try to stop it and they had to keep their word. Though Hitler's actions led to the war other factors were important in making the war start. One of those was that the depression had made all countries poor and that the main way of giving civilians jobs and making the countries economy healthy was rearmament. This meant hostility between nations and allowing nations to commit themselves to war. The rise of extremists leading countries was a factor. With Hitler's nationalistic views and Stalin's fascist view of communism. The fact that the people inside Russia and Germany wanting stronger countries which would have had more land to rule over. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why Did War Break Out In 1939?

    The failure of the peace efforts after World War I contributed a great deal to the collapse of international peace in 1939. The League of Nations, which was one of Wilson's fourteen points and also a part of the Treaty of Versailles, was a forum in which the various nations could settle their disputes peacefully.

  2. adolf hitler

    and there was a scandal when Maria Reiter, a sixteen-year-old girl he was involved with, tried to commit suicide. In 1928 Hitler asked his half-sister, Angela Raubal, to be his housekeeper. She agreed and arrived with her twenty-year old daughter, Geli Raubal.

  1. What is the tradition of animosity between racial groups in Europe during the Twentieth ...

    (source 6) 'In the event of war, the result will not be the bolshevism of the earth, and thus victory for Jewry, but the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe.' (source 7) '...and we say that the war will not end as the Jews imagine it, namely with the uprooting of

  2. Why did Europe go to war in 1939

    full of German marks to buy items such as a loaf of bread. Germany was pretty much down and out. The German public were looking for a strong bold leader to bring them out of there dire conditions. Hitler had previously tried to come to power illegally but in his campaign in 1933 he came to power mostly legitimately.

  1. Hta 211/311 Europe At War

    laws'.5 These so-called Aliens included inferior groups such as gypsies, homosexuals, and most importantly Jewish citizens. Of the Jews that had occupied Germany up until 1933 80 percent were German citizens who had settled there during the past two thousand years.

  2. Anti-Semitism in Europe

    In November 1938 a young Jew assassinated a German diplomat. This provided G´┐Żbels with an excuse to launch a pogrom against the German Jews. This pogrom was called Kristallnacht 'the night of the broken glass'. Kristallnacht was carefully planned anti-Semitic violence that erupted throughout the Reich, although the Nazis described the events as a 'spontaneous outburst'.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work