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Why Did War Break-Out in Europein 1939?

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Introduction

History Essay: Why Did War Break-Out in Europe in 1939? War broke-out across Europe in 1939. Many incidents and long term factors affected this outbreak. I think that the question - Why Did War Break-Out in Europe in 1939? - is being asked because in many people's opinion there are many different factors which triggered war off and in addition, the contemporary public opinions on why the war broke-out has differed in comparison to the public of the 1930-40s. We now look back on history and are able to see what Hitler did during and after the Second World War with regards to Nazi-Germany and abuse and persecution/killing of the Jews and other racial groups etc. We can now see that Hitler had a huge plan all along. People on the 1930-40s didn't know what Hitler had planned, during that time people just thought that he was a great saviour to Germany (which was then in a terrible state), and that all Hitler wanted to do was recruit the unemployed and build-up Germany to regain its high world class status. In this essay I am going to investigate 'why' war broke out in Europe in 1939 and then come to a conclusion upon whether it was a combination of factors or just one main factor - and if so, what that main factor was. ...read more.

Middle

The league helplessly watched as Mussolini conquered Abyssinia. Again, this failure made Hitler feel even more confident, knowing that the league failed to step in on an incident so close by. Hitler may have thought that of the league failed to accomplish this problem, so they would not be triumphant in interfering in any he caused. Hitler's growing confidence, courage and self-assurance resulted in him (bit-by-bit) taking away other territory. In 1936 Hitler began taking back lost territory which he'd previously lost due to the terms apposed on Germany in the Treaty of Versailles. Britain and France appeased Hitler during this time, they just continued to let Hitler keep taking land and regain lost territory. The Sudetenland was part of the new state created by the treaty called Czechoslovakia. Many of its inhabitants were or spoke German. Hitler regained this land. Britain and France again, appeased him - they never reacted and just let him do what he wanted to do. Many people thought that this policy of appeasement was right because Britain wasn't prepared for war. However many people also thought that this policy of appeasing Hitler was wrong because it encouraged him to be more aggressive [Hitler]. Britain and France continued to follow this policy, despite Hitler's actions in overruling the treaty. ...read more.

Conclusion

The policy of appeasement encouraged Hitler to be stronger and gamble more, plus the two huge league (L.O.N) failures of Manchuria and Abyssinia in the 1930's gave Hitler more confidence in thinking that nothing would be done if he decided to break rules and have his own way. Also as Hitler signed the Nazi-Soviet pact with the USSR he became more self-assured that he would be more victorious if he was ever under attack, and in invading Poland. I also think that there were many other not so major factors which affected the outbreak of war across Europe, for example, many countries felt hard done by and unfairly treated due to the treaties (or rules/restrictions) they had apposed upon them which lead to grudges and rebellions. Plus the League of Nations gradually became weaker and weaker. Out of six of the leading powers in the league (Britain, France, Italy, Germany, USSR and Japan) only two remained members throughout - Britain and France, this left a lot of work and pressure on them to fulfil the leagues challenges. In addition many countries all wanted to be successful and have a strong and enormous empire. Finally in conclusion I think that Hitler's actions were the main cause of this outbreak of war across Europe in 1939, however in spite of this I still think that there were a few inferior influences which also contributed. Colin Samuels 10Q History Essay - Feb/2003 ...read more.

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