• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did World War II break out in 1939?

Extracts from this document...


Why did World War II break out in 1939? There were many reasons why a second world war broke out in 1939. Some reasons were very important and created more reasons whereas others only played a minor role in the lead up to all this. However, the build up of all of these reasons was what resulted in what we know as world war two. The whole thing started with the Treaty of Versailles. After World War I, a peace treaty was drawn up at Versailles. The purpose of this was to prevent Germany from starting another war again. However, this plan backfired on them as it solved nothing and only caused bitterness and resentment between the Germans and the British and French. The Germans had had enough of Britain and France putting all the blame on them just because they had lost the war. As well as that, they thought the conditions were unfair and too harsh. I think that this was the most important factor as it made Germany seem evil and the sole cause of the war. The Germans didn't like this and therefore wanted to get their own back for the British and French making them signed the harsh conditioned treaty. ...read more.


This helped to start the war as it was Hitler's initial rise to power. Many people had voted him into power because of his promises to make Germany great again and end the depression. Without the depression, Hitler may have never come into power and there may never have been a World War Two. One of the final factors before World War Two could start was Hitler's foreign policy. In the foreign policy, Hitler overturned the treaty and made Germany strong through rearmament. By making Germany strong again, Hitler was then able to take on small countries to gain more and more power, then larger countries, and eventually start a war. I think that this factor was the least important, because even though it played a big part in the start of the war, it was only made possible by some of the other factors. These factors were appeasement and the weakness of the League of Nations. A factor that posed a very big problem on Britain and France was US isolationism. Although this was a problem for them, it was an advantage for Germany and Hitler. It played a very big part in Germany's ability to start a war. ...read more.


The appeasement in fact encouraged war. It made Hitler think that no-one dare to stop him. This encouraged him to go further and further, until in the end he went too far. The appeasement of Sudetenland led Stalin to make the Nazi-Soviet Pact, because he believed he could not trust Britain. The Nazi-Soviet Pact was a factor that made Hitler powerful and gave him the ability to start a war. Due to appeasement form Britain and France, Hitler was able to create a pact with the USSR. I think that this factor was quite important as it gave Hitler the reassurance that he had enough power to attack Poland. However, I don't think that this is hugely important in relationship to the other factors. Therefore I would say that it is the seventh most important factor. Overall, I think that World War Two broke out in 1939 because the Germans had finally built a powerful enough army and hatred for Britain and France. I think that the weakness of the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles were the root causes of the outbreak of war as all or most of the other factors stem off those two. In conclusion, I think that war broke out because of the overall weakness of Britain and France, as they allowed Hitler to go too far. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What were the causes of World War II?

    As the German population was growing Hitler said that the German nation needed more Lebensraum, which meant 'living space' in German. He was strong-minded to get Lebensraum by conquering land in Eastern Europe and enlarging a future empire that was soon top rule the world.

  2. How did Appeasement lead to the outbreak of the Second World War ? The ...

    this was unbelievable. Now Britain and France had had enough they were going to war to defend Poland and fight Germany once more in the Second World War. Hitler-- one person-- was able to unite a whole country and came very close to accomplishing his goal.

  1. The Great War

    The soldiers had almost turned into fanatics to the Nazi cause, especially amongst the ranks of the SS. Their minds had already been altered to such an extent that the terrors of war seemed almost natural to them. The effects of war on the body as well as the mind

  2. British Policy of Appeasement May 1937 - March 1939.

    These two corps, plus the two corps sent from France to Russia, would, if added to the right wing, have made it as strong as Schlieffen intended. It emerges incidentally that the Schlieffen plan was worked out for war on the Western front only; for when drawn up, Russia was still very weak as a result of the Manchurian War.

  1. To what extent can it be argued that appeasement was the cause of the ...

    "Germany has the right to station their troops anywhere within its own country." This shows the opinions that were held in Britain and with the government accepting the view of Keynes it meant that Britain would not lend France support to stop the Germans from remilitarising the Rhineland.

  2. Was the failure of the League of Nations the most important reason for the ...

    invaded Abyssinia and overthrew the Emperor Haile Selassie. Italy was condemned by the League as the aggressor. The League applied economic sanctions but members were reluctant to enforce the ban with regard to the sale of oil. In the end the sanctions were removed and the League suffered a blow from this - when Hitler threatened Czechoslovakia in 1938 the crisis was resolved outside the League.

  1. Germany was solely responsible for the outbreak of World War II - Discuss.

    Germany to do carry out a number of things, such as reduce its army size to 100, 000, to abolish compulsory army service, and also to demilitarize the region to the left of the River Rhine. In addition, because of the damage due by Germany, the country was required to

  2. The Fall of France in World War II.

    The pacts resolved territorial disputes between Germany and Poland, Czechoslovakia, Belgium and France, and steered toward a new era of Franco-German cooperation (Mazower 109). Economic cooperation increased between the two countries, and a Franco-German commercial treaty was signed in 1926 (McMillan 99).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work