• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did World War one break out in 1914?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did World War one break out in 1914? In this essay I am going to explain why world war one happened. There are many causes, both long term and short term for example the rivalry between Germany and France because of the Franco Prussian war, and the assassination of archduke Franz Ferdinand. It is hard to tell which is the most important cause, because lots of countries had tensions with each other, and the war took place because of all these. One long-term cause of world war one was the fact there were two established Alliance systems- the triple Alliance and the triple entente. This was where countries all over the world were backing each other up, each member of the alliances promised to help its allies if a country belonging to the other alliance attacked them. The Triple Entente consisted of Great Britain, France and Russia (formed in1907) The triple Alliance consisted of Germany, Italy and Austria-hungry (formed in 1882). This was an important cause because without it there probably would not have been a 'world war' just war between individual countries, because many different countries were backing each other, the opposition feared, and made their alliance bigger. ...read more.

Middle

Bosnia was an independent country and wanted to extend its influence over Serbia whilst Austria-hungry were determined not to let this happen. It was also the case that Austria-Hungry was made up of a series of nationalities and was afraid that if one country gained their independence the rest would follow and this would lead to the break-up of the Austro- Hungry Empire. This was a very important cause because it involved a lot of countries and Austria-Hungry and Serbia became enemies both countries played a big part in World War 1. This cause was also linked to one of the main causes of tension: the rivalry that existed between Russia and Austria-Hungry. Russia, though one of largest countries in the world, was also one of the most backward in terms of its industrial development. Russia desired more land and so it looked to the Balkans to extend its influence. Clearly this posed a threat to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, as they too wanted to extend their influence in the Balkans. ...read more.

Conclusion

So Germany declared war on Russia, and at the same time sent its vast army towards France and Belgium. The French army was then put on footing ready to fight any German invasion. (These are all important short-term causes and contributed to making the situation a world war.) Germany hearing about this declared war on France and invaded neutral Belgium. Belgium tried to stop this, but their army was nothing compared to Germanys. Britain ordered Germany to withdraw from Belgium. While the Germans were still in Belgium Britain declared war on Germany. To complete the picture Austria Hungry declared war Russia. In my opinion the main cause of this war was Germany's desire to dominate Europe. They continually wanted to make their empire bigger and increase their wealth. Also the alliance system was a very important cause because of all the countries that were linked together. For example Germany invaded France and Belgium, but Britain got involved because they were in an alliance with France. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand mattered a lot because it caused Austria's behaviour towards Serbia and from that other countries got involved. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why Did The First World War Break Out in 1914?

    5 star(s)

    help each other if either of them was attacked by the Triple Alliance because France was worried about Germany attacking them whereas Russia was worried about Austria attacking them and then Germany joining in because of their alliance system. * Although France had always been Britain's main competitor, in 1904

  2. Why did war break out in Europe in 1939

    Schuchnigg held a Plebiscite to see if the people of Austria wanted this but Hitler threatened to invade if this happened so Schuchnigg resigned and was replaced by a leading Austrian Nazi. The new leader called for the help of the German army to maintain peace and order.

  1. History essay why did world war one happen

    The French came up with a plan known as Plan 17. French troops would charge across the frontier and attack deep into Germany forcing surrender. The third reason why the war broke out was to do with tension caused by the rivalries over Empires.

  2. History Essay - Why did war break out in Europe in 1939

    Chamberlain wished to preserve peace at all cost. He believed that war could be prevented by meeting Hitler's demands. That policy became known as appeasement. Chamberlain had several meetings with Hitler during September 1938 as Europe teetered on the edge of war. Hitler raised his demands at each meeting.

  1. Why did World War I start in 1914 and not earlier?

    Thus, the German General Staff knew that with each year, Germany was getting weaker relative to its likely enemies. Thus, if there was a war, it should happen sooner rather than later. Besides this, Europe came extremely close to going to war in 1912, when the armies were mobilized on all sides because of the second Balkan crisis.

  2. Questions on World War One.

    It intensified armament race Germany thought that a general war was inevitable and accelerated the increase in the strength of the German army. Military leaders were tempted to war. 5. Pan-Germanism and Pan-Slavism conflicted in the Balkans. Conclusion: There were long-laid conflicts before 1913 - e.g.

  1. World War One Project

    One third of Ally soldiers fighting on the western front were killed in trenches alone. Many of these were caused by the disease that inundated the narrow confined trenches. Trench Fever was caused by lice which gave soldiers acute pain and high fever.

  2. History Revision notes - International Relations: Why did WW2 break out? 1929-1939

    The Hoare ? Laval pact * Britain and France refused to intervene. In December 1935, news leaked out about the Hoare-Laval Pact- a secret plan made by the foreign ministers of Britain and France to end the war. * They suggested Abyssinia should be split into two - Italy would get the best area for farming, minerals and resources.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work