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Why Do Sources a To E Give Different Views On the Success of Nazi Youth Policy Between 1933 and 1939?  Explain Your Answer Using Sources a To E and Knowlegde From Your Own Studies.

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Introduction

WHY DO SOURCES A TO E GIVE DIFFERENT VIEWS ON THE SUCCESS OF NAZI YOUTH POLICY BETWEEN 1933 AND 1939? EXPLAIN YOUR ANSWER USING SOURCES A TO E AND KNOWLEGDE FROM YOUR OWN STUDIES (15 MARKS) Hitler believed that to control Germany's future, they had to influence the minds of young people of Germany. He believed that the youth of Germany were the most important factor for German dominance. Hitler had to indoctrinate the youth, to try and instil his own beliefs into them. He set about this by creating youth movements. These youth movements brought discipline and organisation to the youth of Germany. Hitler hoped that all of this together would create a perfect race for the future. One reason why the sources share different views is because they were written at different times. In the beginning, there was a lot of enthusiasm and optimism surrounding the Hitler youth movements. ...read more.

Middle

It was a national movement and the youth of Germany felt that they were being patriotic by joining the youth movements. It was embracing as everyone was involved. Source D shows togetherness among the children. However the reliability of the source is questionable. This could easily have been arranged for propaganda purposes. But in defence of the source, I do know that events such as group singing did occur to boost morale and increase group spirit. However, not everyone enjoyed the Hitler youth. Enthusiasm surrounding the youth movements began to decline. The major reason why the enthusiasm declined was because of the constant changing of leaders, which consequently brought changes in the policies of the Hitler youth, which disjointed and disrupted the youth movements and the enthusiasm which once surrounded it. Kurt Gruber formed the first group of young members in 1926. Later that year the leadership of the movement transferred to Franz von Pfeffer. Pfeffer's main intention was to train young men to fight against members of left-wing youth groups. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sources C and E further back up the point of the declining enthusiasm. Source C says ''many young people appear to have resented the strict discipline that was required in these organisations''. Source E is a private letter written by a Hitler youth member. He is extremely critical and objective towards Hitler and his youth movements. ''They tell you things you've heard hundreds of times, about the 'genius and greatness of the Fuhrer'...And we have only one wish: sleep, sleep.'' The source suggests that the brainwashing and indoctrinating isn't working. The boys are getting sick of the harsh military regime. But the fact that the source is very opinionated, means that there could be bias and the majority view may not be expressed. To conclude, the sources have different views, mainly because they have been written at different times, by different people with different experiences for different purposes. Also the sources differ because of the decline in the general enthusiasm for Hitler's youth movements are great, but as it went on, more and more people became disillusioned, like the 'Edelweiss Pirates' and the 'White Roses'. ...read more.

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