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Why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of children?

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Introduction

Why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of children? There are many reasons why attitudes in sources A to F are different. As all the sources are different authors, it is inevitable that the attitudes will be different as thousands of people were affected by evacuation and no two experiences could be exactly the same. Also, they are not all the same types of sources and the sources do not all have the same motives and would want to show certain attitudes. Also, the dates of the sources vary which could make each source more reliable or unreliable than the others. Source A is a photograph showing evacuees walking down to the station in London in September 1939. Its view of evacuation is that children who were evacuated looked forward to it and it was an enjoyable experience. I think it has this view because the government wanted to promote evacuation by showing an image of smiling happy children on their way to being evacuated to counter the real concerns that parents had about evacuation. This source is reliable because the photo was taken at the time of evacuation. However, this source may not be reliable if there is government influence in it because they might have staged the photo to capture the view that they wanted. The children might have been told to wave by their teachers. The fact that all of the children are smiling and waving towards the camera contradicts my own knowledge as I know that many children were unhappy at being evacuated. However I also know that some children did look forward to evacuation as they saw it as an adventure or a holiday as most children living in the cities had not been on a holiday before. Source A's attitude towards evacuation appears to differ from Source B's attitude. Although both the sources are describing the evacuees walking to the train station, source B has a more negative view. ...read more.

Middle

I also know that not all brothers and sisters were evacuated together. Source D is also similar to source C as they both put forward a positive attitude to evacuation. Both of the sources show the evacuees as being evacuated with their siblings. This makes these sources both reliable and unreliable. The sources are reliable as I know that some children, like the author of source C, were lucky enough to be evacuated with their siblings. However from my own knowledge I know that many brothers and sisters were separated from each other making the sources unreliable. Source D differs from source C because source C is a novel written many years after the war whereas source D is an advertisement during the war. These two sources both have different purposes, source C is to inform, entertain or to make money while source D's purpose is to appeal for volunteers. Therefore, source C might have exaggerated evacuation to make it seem more fun for children to read and source D might have exaggerated the good parts of evacuation and the bombings of the war to encourage people living in Scotland to look after evacuees. Source D is giving the attitude that the foster parents and the evacuees always get on well but source C shows that there were misunderstandings between evacuees and foster parents which I know to be true from my own knowledge. The time that the sources were written and who they were written by also created differences between the sources. As source C was written after the war, the author would have had time to research the war to make the novel as reliable as possible also the fact that the author was also evacuated and the evacuation process in the book strongly resembles that of the author, the book would possibly have had a more realistic attitude to evacuation. However, as source D was written during the war, by the government, the source would probably be bias and only include the information that the government wanted it to include. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also the sources describe the experiences differently. Source A says that the parents were not allowed to walk down to the station with the children but source F shows the mother taking her children to the train station. Source A also says that the parents and children had no idea where they were being evacuated to while in source F the mother knows that the children were going to be evacuated to Australia. In conclusion, the attitude of each source is mainly affected by its purpose and its motives. For example, sources A and D are trying to encourage evacuation so they put forward a positive view of evacuation whereas sources B and C are trying to show a negative view of evacuation so might have asked loaded questions for the interviewers to get the negative answers they were looking for. Sources C and F however are very different from the other sources as they are fictional representations of evacuation and their purpose is to inform and entertain, therefore, the authors might exaggerate to make the audience more interested. The sources also differ because of the different experiences the authors or characters had. No two people had the same experience of evacuation; so inevitably, no two sources have the same attitude. None of the sources have mixed views of evacuation, all of the sources only illustrate either positive or negative views which itself suggests that the sources are trying to show a certain view and that the sources are not showing true attitudes. This shows that the attitudes of sources A to F partially depend on their reliability. A source could be reliable if it was written or made during the time of evacuation when it would have been fresh in the author's mind or if the author experienced evacuation themselves so could give a valid opinion. A source could be unreliable if it was made after evacuation as details might have been lost or the author might have exaggerated their attitude towards evacuation. ?? ?? ?? ?? Alexandra Mente 10V - 1 - ...read more.

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