• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why does the Tsar abdicate in 1917?

Extracts from this document...


Why does the Tsar abdicate in 1917? Nikita Turkin ATL "The immediate cause of the Revolution of 1917... [was]... the collapse of Russia's fragile political structure under the strains of a war of attrition." (Pipes) While war may have been the trigger which brought the feelings of a nation to a head in St. Petersburg, and finally started that a revolution in the bread queue, "the reasons for this comprehensive collapse of the structures of the old regime were, however, rooted deeply in the history of the Russian sate." (Waldron) Liberals, have said that social unrest and mass disturbance were direct products of war, the truth lies closer with the Revisionists, who, while not over exaggerating the role of either revolutionary parties or over- simplifying the 'people's wishes' like the Soviets, stipulate that February was a culmination of socio- economic preconditions and political precipitants. Even if we discard the Soviet Marxist viewpoint that the recurring trade cycle in the world of economics changes completely the political systems and social hierarchies of countries, it is valid to say that economics plays a part in a country's affairs. ...read more.


Social unrest and political unhappiness would cause it to peacefully crumble. "The economic demands of this first 'total war' placed stresses beyond even those predicted by Durnovo on Russian society." (Waldron) Peasants, workers and even the generally loyal soldiers, by 1917, felt isolated and unhappy with the economic situation in Russia. Their expression in the form of rural disturbances, mass strikes and mutinies and desertions were all showing the Tsar the flavour of the crowds outside of the Winter Palace. These were premonitions for the 23rd February, and a representation of the people's mood. B. Williams said that "there was no doubt that the initiators of the revolution were the workers and the reserve troops in the capital", but it was the passive capacity of the "very unsettling element" (Pipes) - the peasantry which was a permanent threat to the status quo and an obstacle to overcome if the Tsar wanted to keep his throne. Tax and the conscription of sons, ensured that a feeling of hate was built up in the countryside, so that when Tsarism came to fall millions of peasants were happy to see it go. ...read more.


"By the time war broke out, almost every section of Russian society felt betrayed by the autocracy. The peasantry, the working people, and the growing middle class all felt that the political structures of the empire had failed to satisfy their needs" (Waldron). Combine this with the negative effects of the economy both over the past two decades and the past four years, the social picture was disturbed. Economic grievances, the fact that no political reforms or freedoms had been received and cultural and social isolation of town, village and trench all culminated in the fact that "by 1917 the Russian people had no will to support neither the person of monarch, nor the system which he represented." (Waldron) Marx's dictum came true- there developed such a disparity between political form and socio- economic content, that the only viable prospect was revolution and the abdication of the Tsar. While war was a slap on the back of tsarist collapse, no war did not mean no revolution. The seeds of downfall had been germinating for decades, always fed nutritiously with economic failures, social misunderstandings, military failures, and political stagnancy, watered by tsarist general inadequacy. "A revolution (abdication) was more likely than not" (Pipes) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Was Nicholas II Responsible for His Own Downfall? What can you learn from ...

    4 star(s)

    It was the less obvious problems the workers had at the time. These grievances had been stored up; the primary demonstrations had created a platform for these views to be expressed. This is shown in Source B. 'But Peasants taken directly from the fields who have found it useful now to make known their peasant demands.

  2. Why did the Tsarist regime fall in 1917?

    towards the Tsar by the 100 men we can see in the photo did not apply to the entire Russian army. The source does not tell us why the soldiers we can see mutinying feel the way they do. Overall, I think that this source is quite useful, as it is a photo, and a photo cannot be forged.

  1. The fall of Tsarism in Russia.

    beginning to realise the troubles that the Russian soldiers had been facing. The source continues to explain that the "neglect of the home front is the prime cause of the disorganisation of the huge machine of state", which shows that the police agreed that the Tsarist government had not paid enough attention to the war on the home front.

  2. Why was the Tsar Forced to Abdicate in 1917?

    The army (remember it was made up of peasants and workers) lived in bad conditions, and blamed the Tsar for having to fight. Each group became more dissatisfied with their position in the war, until once again the tensions came together.

  1. Why did the Tsar abdicate in 1917?

    This would be very hard for the Tsar to control. The Bolsheviks, who were the propaganda, gained support and campaigned against the war. The progressive block also turned against the Tsar who had before been willing to support him. One good thing to come out of that though was the

  2. Why did Tzar Nicholas II abdicate in 1917 and not in 1905?

    with only the front person holding a rifle, then when he was killed the next person in the line would pick the rifle up and start shooting again. However in 1903 The War was a long way away from the population and the public didn't know what was happening so

  1. Why did the Tsar abdicate after the 1917 revolution

    But the war revealed the weaknesses of the Tsar's regime. As the fighting was in the far east of Russia it took the Tsar some to time to get his troops there which immediately gave Japan the upper hand. The Russian Baltic Fleet was ordered to sail half way round the world to take part in the fighting.

  2. Lenin's Importance in the 1917 Revolutions.

    In the second revolution, Trotsky can also be considered as an important factor. Trotsky was in charge of planning the events that occurred on the night of October 24th. In addition, he was also responsible for organising the other Bolsheviks.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work