• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why had international peace collapsed by 1939?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why had international peace collapsed by 1939? By the end of world war one, Germany was left with little money and a lack of national pride. They had been forced to take all responsibility for the war and pay severe reparations along with making such drastic reductions in their military capability that they felt increasingly threatened by surrounding countries. Like many Germans of that time, Hitler believed that the Treaty of Versailles was unjust and therefore should be abolished. The treaty was a constant reminder of their defeat in the war and the humiliation brought upon them by Allies. Hitler vowed if he ever came to power he would immediately reverse the treaty and restore Germany's former glory. Not only did Hitler aim to give power to Germany but he aspired to increase Germany's land. Firstly he intended to unite with Austria, following that he would persuade Czechoslovakia to join Germany. Hitler felt that too much of German land had been taken by the Treaty of Versailles; this would be one of the few factors he would soon reverse to regain German pride. ...read more.

Middle

Hitler knew he was in control and had more power than any other nation. Although France and Britain made many promises of changes that Germany would be forced to make, they were in such a position that they could not possibly go to war again, therefore they would not stand up to Hitler. Their lack of money and equipment made and type of conflict impossible, Hitler was allowed to reverse the Treaty of Versailles without any opposition. Britain knew that Hitler intended to reverse the Treaty of Versailles and believed in some ways it should be permitted. Germany had suffered greatly and was not only forced to decrease their land mass but pay harsh reparations also. Chamberlain believed that allowing Germany to regain their land of restore a sense of national pride might be sufficient to end Hitler's quest for power. This led to the policy of appeasement. Hitler's first act under the policy was to reunite with Austria, although both France and Britain were wary of this, they were in no means ready for another war and allowed Germany to continue with his plans, hoping that this would be his last act of defiance. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although it was Hitler's actions which led to war, many other factors were important in making the war happen. Firstly, the weaknesses of France and Britain lead Hitler to believe he was invincible, they took no action against his violations of the Treaty of Versailles and instead chose to believe that once Germany regained all they had lost, and Hitler would be satisfied. They showed poor judgement in situations such as the Abyssinian crisis and exposed their weaknesses to Hitler. They allowed Hitler to see that they were in no position for war and as a consequence he was able to invade countries without opposition. Another factor which lead to the collapse of international peace was the actions of Russia. Hitler would not have invaded Poland if he would be forced to fight a war on two fronts, nevertheless Russia felt anxious about the increasing threat of war and were quick to sign a peace agreement with Germany. Therefore it can be seen that many factors contributed to the collapse of international peace by 1939. A combination of long term and short term factors forced the situation in Europe to break out into war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. WHY HAD INTERNATIONAL PEACE COLLAPSED BY 1939?

    These resentments were waiting to be exploited by leaders such as Hitler who appealed to the Germans' long standing sense of national outrage. Hitler's beliefs and how his plans contributed to the outbreak of war: These were laid out as early as 1924 in his book, Mein Kampf 1.

  2. What are the changing attitude of Australians towards war and peace?

    This changed the attitudes of many Australians when they saw the horrific truth of what was happening in Vietnam with this was seen very personal. Press released reports of torture to prisoners such as being thrown from helicopters and mass massacres.

  1. Gallic war

    - It was just the being - Moving with great control. - Force marches taking over many towns , always moving - Moving in great speed... great master blitzkrieg(moving in great speed) - Attacked places less expected - Punished some towns.

  2. Since the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 there has been a relative period of ...

    Sir Hugh Orde is the chief constable said 'the Orange Order must bear substantial responsibility for this' he also remarked that 'they were shot at by paramilitary groups from the loyalist side. With events like this occurring so recently, the question to ask is how close are we to achieving peace?

  1. Why did the Germans lose in Russia?

    If that wasn't enough, the suffered worsened supply shortages, no supplies could get through because of the winter. As a consequence of the Russian winter, many Germans died weakening the German attack even further. Leadership was a big problem for the Germans and was a major part of their defeat.

  2. What made peace hard in the Arab-Israeli conflict

    The other one is the Likud party. The Likud believe that there should be no Palestinian state and if the Palestinians do something to them they will hit back even harder. Likud won every election in Israel since 1977 up to 1992 which is when the Labour party won.

  1. Describe the changes in life in Germany between 1930 and 1939

    Jobs also became available in these new food industries. The chart below shows the decrease in unemployment during Hitler's first years: This statistical source provides the reader with an approximate look at the decrease in unemployment. It must be noted that the scale on the x-axis changes from every four years to every one year.

  2. Just like previous attempts to bring peace to Northern Ireland, the Good Friday Agreement ...

    continued with tit for tat killings but discussions continued however there was some success came from the Downing Street Declaration with the new culture to discuss with ceasefire to start or talk. In this paragraph I will briefly describing the breakthroughs which led up to the Good Friday Agreement.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work