• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why had the Western Front been established by the end of 1914?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why had the Western Front been established by the end of 1914? The Western Front was established due to the stalemate between British/French and German troops, due to the failure of German attempts to capture Paris. The Western Front was 700 Km of trenches containing around four million troops at any one time. In order to answer this question, it is best to start with the first and most important cause of the western front, the First World War. In order to have a war, you need yet more causes for that to come about, This brings me to my first point of analysis; the struggle between Austro-Hungary and Serbia. After Serbia has become an independent state in 1878, many Serbs living inside the Hapsburg Empire wanted independence from the Empire and a place in free Serbia. This in turn lead to problems, and the Austrian government accusing Serbia of stirring trouble in Bosnia, a Serbian region and couldn't face a possible loss of over 8 million Serbs to Serbia, as this would break up the Austro-Hungarian Empire for sure. On the 28th of June 1914, the heir to the Austrian throne and major political target was shot dead during a parade in Sarajevo. A month after this shooting, the First World War had begun. ...read more.

Middle

Another factor, which affected the establishment of the Western Front, was the growth of German nationalism in the years before and during the war. This had an effect on the Front because, in the years prior to war, Germany had separated from the Austro-Hungarian Empire and become an independent nation, and this new independence gave the German people a great pride in their nation - Nationalism. This in itself played a major part in the establishment of the Western Front, as Germany increased its spending on armaments by over 300% between 1872 and 1912. If Germany had not increased their spending on armaments they would have been crushed completely by the Allied forces, that is if they had gone to war in the first place. Germany has strived to become more powerful and self sufficient, requiring a much bigger army and navy especially. Germany had become aware of the British manufacturing a new class of battleship, the Dreadnought. In an effort to equal the British navy, they began producing their own fleet of Dreadnoughts. This is where the Arms race became an aspect of why the Western front was established - the ships were intended to deliver suppliers to the army, such as food and ammunition. During the collapse of the Schlieffen Plan, Germany, along with all of the nations fighting in the war at that point, began the famous 'Race to the Sea'. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Bosnian Crisis of 1908 was caused by a revolution in Turkey, and this allowed Austria to seize control of Bosnia. Serbia protested against this and tried to find support from Russia, and this was so, until Austria gained the support of Germany. This alliance between these two nations was vital to the cause of the First World War, as aforementioned. Equally important was the fact that Bosnia became a part of Austria, because if not, the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand would most likely not have happened. This in itself is a very long-term cause of the Western Front, because it ensured the start of war, and Germany's involvement in it. As a summary, there were many reasons why the Western front was established in 1914, ranging from as far back as German independence from the Austro-Hungarian empire, to short term causes such as the 'Race to the Sea' and the Battle of the Marne. Although the timescale and relative scale of these causes varies greatly, all play a major part, and without one of these causes, I believe the Western Front would have never been established. It seems there is a pattern emerging amidst the many causes; political causes (long term) are more important over all because there would not have been a situation if the first place for the military causes (short term) to come about. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Trench warfare. Trench warfare was created to help hold your position and fend ...

    water that caused the soldiers feet to swell over three times their normal size, "Many soldiers fighting in the First World War suffered from trench foot. This was an infection of the feet caused by cold, wet and insanitary conditions.

  2. Why Did A Stalemate Develop On The Western Front?

    Gas Grenades were very effective weapon; they were highly toxic and could kill someone in a instant. There were 3 main gas grenades. The first was Chlorine gas which was used in the Battle of Ypres, the second Phosgene gas and the third was Mustard gas.

  1. The Battle of Verdun.

    rather than looking at the big picture. It also seems totally unfairly biased towards the French, (The French, always quick to blow the whistle and signal the end of a battle if they could claim a propaganda victory); this is a ridiculous statement, backed up with no proof.

  2. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    Whilst the storm troopers were good soldiers, they were equipped with nothing other than weapons; they moved too far ahead of the supply lines and so got isolated from the main German units. These soldiers were alone and very tired from the almost constant fighting, and so were easily captured.

  1. The Western Front

    A short, intense bombardment began 21 Feb, by far the fiercest bombardment yet experienced, it demolish the first French lines, broke up the communications trenches, and even altered the shape of the hills. By 25 Feb the Germans had broken the French front at Douaumont but were driven back by General Petain who managed to stabilise the line once more.

  2. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    Russia supported Russia in the Far East (to compensate Russia's loss in the West). Consideration of Internal politics - related to his philosophy - conservatism against socialism - the need of industrialization - the maintenance of the armies (therefore there was the war scare).

  1. Nato is an international organization that is established by signing the North Atlantic Treaty ...

    However, he verifies the neorealist argument in some aspects. According to the neorealist theory, alliances will form only when members believe benefits are more than its costs that when the threat disappears, members will cut military expenditures that costed high levels of spending before in order to balance the cost-benefit ratios.

  2. Was Field Marshall Douglas Haig more important that the allied blockade of German naval ...

    It has been agued by many historians that the impact on German forces was two fold. Firstly by greatly weakening their men which meant that during the allied 100 days counter offensive the British and French forces found it easier to defeat the Germans as they lost a lot of their best men.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work