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Why had the Western Front been established by the end of 1914?

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Why had the Western Front been established by the end of 1914? The Western Front was established due to the stalemate between British/French and German troops, due to the failure of German attempts to capture Paris. The Western Front was 700 Km of trenches containing around four million troops at any one time. In order to answer this question, it is best to start with the first and most important cause of the western front, the First World War. In order to have a war, you need yet more causes for that to come about, This brings me to my first point of analysis; the struggle between Austro-Hungary and Serbia. After Serbia has become an independent state in 1878, many Serbs living inside the Hapsburg Empire wanted independence from the Empire and a place in free Serbia. This in turn lead to problems, and the Austrian government accusing Serbia of stirring trouble in Bosnia, a Serbian region and couldn't face a possible loss of over 8 million Serbs to Serbia, as this would break up the Austro-Hungarian Empire for sure. On the 28th of June 1914, the heir to the Austrian throne and major political target was shot dead during a parade in Sarajevo. A month after this shooting, the First World War had begun. ...read more.


Another factor, which affected the establishment of the Western Front, was the growth of German nationalism in the years before and during the war. This had an effect on the Front because, in the years prior to war, Germany had separated from the Austro-Hungarian Empire and become an independent nation, and this new independence gave the German people a great pride in their nation - Nationalism. This in itself played a major part in the establishment of the Western Front, as Germany increased its spending on armaments by over 300% between 1872 and 1912. If Germany had not increased their spending on armaments they would have been crushed completely by the Allied forces, that is if they had gone to war in the first place. Germany has strived to become more powerful and self sufficient, requiring a much bigger army and navy especially. Germany had become aware of the British manufacturing a new class of battleship, the Dreadnought. In an effort to equal the British navy, they began producing their own fleet of Dreadnoughts. This is where the Arms race became an aspect of why the Western front was established - the ships were intended to deliver suppliers to the army, such as food and ammunition. During the collapse of the Schlieffen Plan, Germany, along with all of the nations fighting in the war at that point, began the famous 'Race to the Sea'. ...read more.


The Bosnian Crisis of 1908 was caused by a revolution in Turkey, and this allowed Austria to seize control of Bosnia. Serbia protested against this and tried to find support from Russia, and this was so, until Austria gained the support of Germany. This alliance between these two nations was vital to the cause of the First World War, as aforementioned. Equally important was the fact that Bosnia became a part of Austria, because if not, the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand would most likely not have happened. This in itself is a very long-term cause of the Western Front, because it ensured the start of war, and Germany's involvement in it. As a summary, there were many reasons why the Western front was established in 1914, ranging from as far back as German independence from the Austro-Hungarian empire, to short term causes such as the 'Race to the Sea' and the Battle of the Marne. Although the timescale and relative scale of these causes varies greatly, all play a major part, and without one of these causes, I believe the Western Front would have never been established. It seems there is a pattern emerging amidst the many causes; political causes (long term) are more important over all because there would not have been a situation if the first place for the military causes (short term) to come about. ...read more.

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