• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why has it Proved so Difficult to Create a Lasting Peace in Northern Ireland?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why has it Proved so Difficult to Create a Lasting Peace in Northern Ireland? There has been sectarian violence and civil unrest in Northern Ireland for centuaries, all of which has grown from the historical and religious divisions between the two groups: Catholics and Protestants. Many attempts to curb the conflict and bring peace to Northern Ireland have been made but have only been successful in part and violence remains to this day. The first official attempt to stop violence in Northern Ireland was the Sunnigdale Agreement in 1974 which stated that any government in n.Ireland had to have a 50:50 ratio of protestants to Catholics. This was the fist attempt at forming a powersharing executive. However, although the catholics were enthusiastic about the proposals the Unionists were not, so the Ulster Unionist Council (UUC) ordered a strike. The whole of Northern Ireland came came to a standstill and attempts at powersharing failed. The Unionists had also learnt that by striking they could get thier way. ...read more.

Middle

After this, US Senator John Mitchell tried suggesting that a return to ceasefire was the best option but Major wouldn't settle for anything less than permanent decomissioning. The IRA werent prepared to decomission again and returned to violence. On Febuary 9th 1996 the IRA bombed Canary Wharf killing two people to show their disagreement with decomissioning. The divide between the two sides in Northern Ireland has stemmed from problems a lot older than these agreements and any of the parties involved. The divide began during the 1500s after King Henry 8th attempted to impose English colonialism on Ireland, Elizabeth 1st then began to supress Irish Catholics. The Irish Catholics began to hate the protestants who had settled on the rich land and conflict began. Oliver Cromwell punished the Catholics for rising against the protestants in 1649 whereas his successor James 2nd was a Catholic so punished the proestants in the siege of Londonderry. William of Orange came to the aid of the protestants in 1690. ...read more.

Conclusion

Civil rights marches in 1968, Orangeday and siege of Derry Marches in 1969 caused further tension which resulted in the IRA killing a British soldier and 10 civilians in 1971 after internment was introduced. Because of the IRA's dislike for the British becoming increasingly involved in N.Ireland, they launched a bombing campaign targetting Dublin, Monaghan, Guilford, Woolwich and Birmingham killing and injuring civillians. The Government introduced the Prevention of Terrorism Act which meant prisoners could be detained without trial for seven days. This resulted in the hunger strikes of 1980s and those who died (eg Bobby Sands) were considered matyrs. In 1984 IRA members palnted a bomb under Margaret Thatcher's room in her hotel during the Tory Party Conference in Brigthon. The bomb killed four people but left Thatcher uninjured. By 1985 the huge unrest and increase in frquency of violent acts and bombings led to the leaders of Britain and Ireland meeting to discuss the situation- this resulted in the Anglo-Irish Agreement. The most recent, and well known, attempt at bringing peace to Northern Ireland has been the Good Friday Agreement in 1998. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Northern Ireland - The Good Friday Agreement was created in April 1998, and then ...

    * Catholics will not receive higher education or take professional jobs. These rules then became known as the 'Protestant Ascendancy' in Ireland as it means the control of Ireland by an elite group of Anglican Protestants (around 15% of all people in Ireland).

  2. The Anglo-Irish agreement, 1985, this was agreed between Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish ...

    The Report also put forward a federal or confederal state, and joint authority as alternatives. The British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, in a famous press conference stated 'the unified Ireland was one solution - that is out. A second solution was a confederation of the two States - that is out.

  1. Why has it been difficult to obtain peace in Northern Ireland?

    But later that day violence began as Catholics began to throw rocks and other objects at British paratroopers who responded by opening fire on a crowd of unarmed civilians and killed thirteen of them, some of which were shot in the back.

  2. Previous attempts to bring peace to Northern Ireland have failed. What problems need to ...

    However, whilst most people living in Ulster supported the agreement, some did not. The majority of Unionists did support it, but some extremists such as the PUP, led by David Ervine and the DUP, led by Ian Paisley, did not.

  1. Co-operation and Conflict - Northern Ireland and Republic of Ireland.

    However, politics now took a role in Ireland's history. If London was unwilling to grant this, then the Fenians would fight for it. Though after 9 years the Fenians had researched and found that there was a little military backing from the Irish army.

  2. How successful has the peace process in Northern Ireland been?

    Soon after, the republic also accepted consent. The Irish accepted that parts of their constitution (which included and claimed that the North was part of their territory) might have to be changed or altered. Next the Irish Government set up a forum for peace and reconciliation.

  1. Why has it been so Difficult to Bring Peace to Northern Ireland?

    Nationalists formed the Irish Volunteers. Both sides were prepared to use violence and in 1914, Ireland was on the brink of civil war. This period in Ireland's history marked the start of the struggle for political power and the violence and extremism associated with some of Northern Ireland's political parties.

  2. “Why has it proved so difficult to reach agreement about what happened on Bloody ...

    It is access to new evidence like this which is making the Saville inquiry at least worthy of recognition. We can draw several conclusions from this evidence. The use of Paratroops on Bloody Sunday was definitely a mistake. It is however, dubious that they just ran amok, shooting all and sundry in a psychopathic expression of revenge.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work