• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why is there violence within both Unionist and Nationalist groups in Northern Ireland?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why is there violence within both Unionist and Nationalist groups in Northern Ireland? There is violence within both Unionist and Nationalist groups in Northern Ireland because of disagreements over the Good Friday agreement. This is the national focus of their violence. The Catholic terrorist groups do not like the idea of the Good Friday agreement because it is bringing peace instead of a United Ireland. The Real Irish Republic Army (RIRA) broke off from the Provisional IRA (PIRA) because of the Good Friday agreement bringing peace instead of a united Ireland. The RIRA and the Continuity IRA have broken off from the PIRA, which is on a ceasefire at the moment. It is also the biggest splinter group. The PIRA have no control over the splinter groups. The RIRA do not want power shared in an assembly in Northern Ireland because it used to be completely protestant. Because of the splinter groups not being on a ceasefire, there is fighting amongst themselves and deaths have occurred because of it. The RIRA is believed to have been stepping efforts to destabilise the peace process and stop the decommissioning of weapons happening. ...read more.

Middle

Recently though the IRA has started to decommission its weapons. This is a very important step in the peace process and I think that it is the beginning of end of all the fighting at last. Why has there been so much violence between the Catholic and Protestant communities in Ireland in the last 200 years? In 1796 and 1798 Wolf Tone tried to free Ireland from Britain's control but this ended in defeat. The British government responded to Wolf Tones movement by the Act Of Union in 1801. The act officially joined Great Britain and Ireland together. The term Unionist, which describes those who wanted the Act to happen, began after the Act Of Union. In the 19th century the main aim of the protestant community was to remain united with Great Britain. The main aim of the Catholics was full Catholic emancipation. They want Ireland to become united with Northern Ireland and completely independent from Britain. Daniel O'Connell, a Catholic Lawyer, became the leader of the people fighting for this. In 1829 the British government feared a new Irish rebellion and they pushed through the Catholic emancipation act that granted full legal equality to Catholics. ...read more.

Conclusion

Religion is one of the main beginners of the violence because all of the people in Ireland used to be Catholic. Then Britain came and planted Protestants in to Ireland during 1155-1533 and they got all of the best jobs leaving the Catholics with not much. This forced the Catholics to become lower than the Protestants and the Catholics resented England and the Protestants for that. Irish history is another major contributing factor to the violence. The English took land from Catholics and gave it to Protestants. This provoked the Catholics and they began to attack Protestants. The Protestants retaliated and this went on for a while. King James 11 came to the throne in1685. He was a Catholic King and the Protestant Irish were scared that the Catholics who were helped by James 11 would overthrow them. Luckily for the Irish Protestants the English did not like James 11 and they overthrew him. William of Orange became king. James went to France to gather an army and then went to Ireland to get support of the Catholic Irish. William of Orange and James 11 met at the Battle of the Boyne. William beat James and the Irish Protestants knew that they were going to be the top dogs of Ireland for quite a while. Tom Grigg 11PT ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Conflict in Ireland

    in a new Power Sharing deal, the Catholics however refused to take any part at all and many turned to Sinn Fein; and so the second attempt at Power Sharing also failed. Although this times it was the Catholics who caused the plan to fail.

  2. Why is Daniel O'connell considered to be a great nationalist leader?

    Elected as an MP, O'Connell was unable to take his seat due to him being a Catholic. This forced the British Government into conceding emancipation, Wellington and Peel were fearful of an uprising which in comparison would have been more problematic than emancipation.

  1. "How important was Catholic Emancipation in religion and politics in Englandand Ireland between c1820 ...

    Consequently, it would be correct to say that this issue had a major impact and importance in Irish politics. The final factor, which was important in the passing of the Catholic Emancipation Act, was religion. It is very easily seen that religion was the basis of the entire movement of for the passing of the Act.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    The slogan, "I ran away," was a turning point for contemporary Republicanism. What it said to the people on the ground was that they had failed their community in the ghettos in Belfast and Derry. That they needed to go back to traditional methods, that there is no sense in debating whether we're Marxist or not.

  1. Loyalist and Nationalist communities still showopen hostility towards each other, as thedemonstrations at Holy ...

    Sinn Fein are also now recognised as a political party, due to their increased support from Catholics during 1968-1972. The Enniskillen bomb happened in 1987, planted by the IRA killing 11 people. Not only was this a tragedy in itself, but also the bomb went off on Remembrance Day, at a war memorial in Enniskillen.

  2. A background to the violence in Northern Ireland

    The unionists, who are Protestant, want this. Here, you need to explain what the Good Friday agreement will actually do if is all works out ok - maybe move the entire paragraph I have marked to here from page 2??

  1. How effectively did Irish Catholic and nationalist leaders advance their cause in the years ...

    A particularly large meeting was arranged in 1843 near Dublin at Clontarf which alarmed Peel's government. O' Connell decided to call it off and came under great criticism from Young Ireland for his conservatism. O'Connell therefore advanced his cause more effectively in the 1820's with moderate successes adopting a conservative method which kick-started the whole movement.

  2. How effectively did Irish Catholic and nationalist leaders advance their cause in the years ...

    Although J.C. Beckett writes that "No other single person has left such an unmistakable mark on the history of Ireland", in general, O'Connell's effectiveness was limited. Hoppen argues that for him, "the people" were the Catholics for whom he achieved virtually full political and civil rights by the Emancipation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work