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why Lenin and the Bolsheviks replaced the Provisional Government as leaders by November 1917.

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Introduction

B) Explain why Lenin and the Bolsheviks replaced the Provisional Government as leaders by November 1917. The Bolsheviks recognised the social distress of Russia in 1917. They acknowledged the faults of the Provisional Government and answered the social failings and replaced them expertly in November 1917 The forced abdication of the Tsar in March 1917 meant a new era for Russia, it was now a Republic. A new Provisional Government, mainly consisting of previous Duma members took charge of the country with the intentions of resolving the problems that the Tsar had left. Despite the best attentions of the Provisional Government they were at an instant disadvantage as they had to enforce their authority, knowing that they couldn't do anything drastic because they were only temporary. Having previously had no real power the Provisional Government were inexperienced and not used having expectations of them. Under the tsarist autocracy the peasants had had no power and until 1861 the peasants had been serfs, slaves of their landlords with no land or freedom. When the serfdom was lifted a new system was emplaced, in which they bought their land from payments made over a period of forty-nine years. ...read more.

Middle

This collaboration was very successful and soon the social revolutionaries had the majority of the peasants support, also the majority of the population. The soviet soon gained authority by harnessing the support of the army, also taking control of communications, including the railway lines. The soviet undermined the Provisional Government, almost ridiculing them by their lack of control over the country. Their lack of co-operation with the Provisional Government meant they were never linked to their failures and were seen in a better light. The failures of the Provisional Government made the Bolsheviks shine. Not only were the Bolsheviks providing good alternatives and promises for the future but, they were associated and apart of the soviets, the people. Rumours of the Bolsheviks being linked with the Germans circulated and Lenin escaped to Finland. This temporarily tarnished their reputation in the summer 1917, but soon evaporated such claims by September. The Commander in Chief of the armies, General Kornilov, believed he should rule Russia himself as a military dictatorship. His threats were feared by the Provisional Government and could not protect themselves as they had no armed forces. ...read more.

Conclusion

They seemed unable to relate to the public and give them what they wanted, forcing the nation to other potential leaders after it became clear they had no intentions to make any such changes. Here the Bolsheviks trumped. They appealed to the masses with simple slogans, banging home their messages with this propaganda. The Bolsheviks had spent time doing lots of leg work and had firm policies, able to out think other parties. They had cleverly not associated themselves with the Provisional Government so they could bear no blame and had worked within the soviets to gain the support of masses helping the people. By seeming to be working in efforts for the soviets they received much more support. The true genius allowed them to kill two birds with one stone and still come out victorious. The versatility of the Bolshevik party, especially Trotsky and Lenin meant that they were able to combine their abilities to make an ultimate revolution. Other parties failed to work and co-operate with each other in such a way and this partnership took advantage of others failure. The Bolsheviks once again perceived the social situation skilfully and took advantage of the failures of the Provisional Government, harnessing this to victory. ...read more.

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