• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15
  16. 16

Why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election

Extracts from this document...


HISTORY COURSEWORK- ASSIGNMENT B 1) Study source A. Use source A and your knowledge of the period to explain why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election. This source starts with the essence of Roosevelt�s most immediate aim: restoring confidence. This was done by making a promise or "plegde" to make a new start. This new start was labelled New Deal which achieved an effect on American people, this was because Americans could sense that Roosevelt was keen on this new way of dealing with the Depression. In this speech Roosevelt addressed the people directly which also contributes to restoring confidence and creates a sense of union ("give me your help") between himself and Americans. He addressed people directly by stating who his audience was "the American people" which once more proved that Roosevelt felt particularly involved in anything that concerned ordinary people. This was proven throughout not only his election campaign, but throughout his precidency. He seemed to contrast with Hoover due to the aparent honesty he seemed to possess. In this speech Roosevelt demonstrates this honesty by talking about his interest to "win votes" instead of hiding it. Roosevelt himself was a fighter due to his stuggle with polio and his achievements after having been stucken by it. He had become the Governor of New York State after this and passed on his determination for success to American people. This determination was strongly sensed in his speech by his vocabulary and his comparisons, for example "call to arms", "crusade" and "waging war". Each of these quotes represent different aspects of his proposals, "call to arms" gave the strength to fight back the Depression instead of the talking that had been going on during Hoover�s presidency; "crusade" portrayed the work that had to be done in order to carry out a successful recovery from the Depression; "waging war" was making a remark to the seriousness of the crisis and the consequences it would have on the country. ...read more.


On source B we can also find signs of public opinion at the time. This source refers to people's attitude after Roosevelt came into power in 1932 as with "hope and excitement". It also claims that people showed their opinion through their votes when it came down to voting a president in or out. In Roosevelt's case it was in several times in a row. This leaves us with no doubt about public opinion towards the New Deal as "all power is still in the hands of the people. They can vote out of power governments they do not like". Comparing source H with source I, we can see that source I covers a wider rage of issues: unemployment, recovery, eviction... Whilst source H only deals with eviction. Therefore I have reached the conclusion that source H, despite its limitations, is more useful as evidence of public opinion towards the New Deal. Source H not only covers broader issues, but it was a "popular song" and therefore can not be set up. But most important of all, it is from after the elections and therefore Americans had already says what they thought of the New Deal. 6) Study Sources J and K. why do you think these two people disagree about the New Deal? I think it is clear that these two people disagree about the New Deal because of their positions during the New Deal period. Whilst Source J is a speech from a "self-made businessman" speaking in 1980, Source K is an extract from Francis Perkins� book, "The Roosevelt I Knew" written in 1947. we can say that these two people are both `extremes� during Roosevelt's presidency. Businessmen were typically part of Roosevelt's opposition due to his increasing power and interference in individual issues, and Francis Perkins was a member of Roosevelt's government during the New Deal and therefore helped plan and carry out his policies. ...read more.


This scheme loaned money to over a million people in order to avoid them losing their homes. The second argument could be supported by Source G which is a cartoon representing the American economy as Uncle Sam being sick, Roosevelt as a doctor trying to cure his pacient and Congress being a nurse. The remedies used by this doctor seem to be mounting up without being very efficient in curing Uncle Sam. The remedies are the New Deal agencies and although there seem to be many of them, they are all half empty and no results are noticed. The final argument, is an eternal one. The everlasting fight between the few who are rich but powerful, and the vast majority who are ordinary people but have no power. Although the ones who opposed the New Deal were a small minority, they happened to be the most influential. The rich, Republicans and businessmen who believe in "rugged individualism" and "laissez faire" and are against governement interference, such as the one in the New Deal. However, there are millions who agree with this interference and they see it as necessary. In source J we are presented with the view of a "self-made businessman" who considered that the New Deal "hurt" them. Onthe other hand, Source K argues that Roosevelt "knew that the rich had been hard hit too, but at least they had something left." This source is from Roosevelt�s Secretary of Labour during the New Deal, so it cannot be considered as reliable. There is no single reason why there was so much disagreement over the New Deal. It was argued whether Roosevelt did make people more confident or whether he made people more dependant on the government for help. It was argued whether the New Deal was efficient enough or whether it spent too much money on unnecessary things. Big discussions were caused over whether the government interfered too much in the economy and with people's lives or finally, whether the war was overcome due to the fact that the war broke out, or the fact that the New Deal schemes were created. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Prohibition. Source A is from an American history book it was published in ...

    Source G also supports the view that prohibition was a failure and that it was inevitable. The source clearly shows after prohibition there were more stills and spirits seized. This shows and proves that prohibition was inevitable because as soon as the law was introduced more people were drinking which was against the law and they did not really care.

  2. Policies to end the Depression: Hoover vs. Roosevelt

    He was a confident and dashing young man, who never had to work a day in his life. However, Roosevelt had one perspective that Hoover didn't have: In 1921, he contracted Polio, and it made him a cripple. He eventually recovered, but had to wear leg braces for the rest of his life.

  1. Why Did Roosevelt Defeat Hoover In the 1932 Presidential Election?

    Any money they earnt was quickly took away, re-paying debts. People were homeless; this was another reason why people supported Roosevelt. By 1932 well over a million Americans were completely homeless and ended up in shantytowns/Hoover Ville. Many people were simply tramping the highways seeking food and work.

  2. Study the following interpretations of the effects of the New Deal. The New Deal ...

    Source H is also clearly in support of the New Deal and FDR, as it is a letter from an American civilian to FDR thanking him for the help that he has given them. However, the source seems to be too much in favour of FDR, and some of the

  1. The New Deal was set up by Franklin D. Roosevelt, a Democrat.

    The WPA also had work for artists, actors, writers etc. The WPA employed people and gave them back their self-respect. All of these schemes were "pump-primers ". The government 'pumped� money into the economy which would encourage the economy to start up again.

  2. How Successful was the New Deal - Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected as President ...

    who spent $500 million on soup kitchens, blankets, nursery schools and employment schemes, and met the needs of the poor and homeless. Farmers also suffered during the Depression.

  1. How Far was Roosevelts victory in the 1932 Election due to President Hoovers Unpopularity?

    This clever technique shows that Roosevelt's merits as a campaigner contributed to his victory, although you could argue that Roosevelt was merely playing off of Hoover's failure at recovery, so that this is a branch of the argument that the result was all to do with Hoover.

  2. Why did Roosevelt win the 1932 Presidential Election?

    Professor Lee E. Ohanian calculates that this was the cause of about 2/3 of the unemployment in the first years of the Great Depression. While not believing in charity by the government, Hoover did try and help the economy; he gave much of his money to charity and encouraged Americans to do the same.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work