• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why the CCP won the civil war

Extracts from this document...


Why did the Communists win the Civil War? The Chinese Civil War, which took place from the end of World War I (when the Chinese Communist Party was set up) up to October 1, 1949, directly led to the creation of the People's Republic of China, the world's biggest communist nation. The Chinese Civil War (CCW) was the last phase of the Communist revolution in China. Four years after the end of the Japanese occupation, the Communist victory in 1949 resulted in the creation of the People's Republic of China: the world's biggest Communist nation. The Nationalist Koumintang party (KP) took control after the over-throw of the last emperor and their only and greatest threat was the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), founded in 1921. There have been several different explanations for the communist victory and nationalist defeat in the CCW. Some have placed a great deal of significance on the apparent weaknesses of the Kuomintang and others say that the Communists, who managed to overcome their flaws, led to their victory. ...read more.


Chiang, with the outbreak of the WWII, began to get support from the Allies. Stupidly, Chiang did not use these supplies on the Japanese; instead storing them to use against the Communists. Those living in Nationalist areas were treated poorly: discipline was weak in the Koumintang as Chiang was proud and stubborn, letting his officers do what they want. After WWII, the Civil War was restarted. Chiang was confident as he had more men and weapons than Mao. Nevertheless, Mao used the same tactics on the KP as he did on the Japanese. The KP lost the support of the middle classes as they were seen as landlords and corrupt: this led to many officers defecting to the CCP. These were the main weaknesses of the Nationalists and ultimately led to their defeat. Chiang then fled to Formosa with a lot of gold and a core of advisors. The Communists however, overcame their weaknesses, allowing them to be victorious over the KP. They walked for over 1000 km and lost 80% of their men; but still they walked. ...read more.


It was he instructed his men to be kind to the peasants and fight the way they did. It was he who persevered against both his enemies and fought against condemnation from the wider world. It was HE who over came his weaknesses by gaining equipment and support in the ways mentioned above. This in turn is likely to have led to his victory over the Nationalists. Chiang on the other hand did not overcome his weakness. He let discipline fail and treated people badly. Therefore, he lost support and men (via. defection) to the CCP. This in turn, probably, caused him to lose the war and flee to Formosa. So in conclusion, it was the leadership which decided who won the civil war. It was the great leadership of Mao that made him enforce strict rules on his men; leading to his popular support. He could then stay with peasants, enabling him to ambush his enemies. Chiang, on the other hand, did not enforce discipline and so many people dislike him; including his soldiers, with many defecting. Leadership is why the Communists won the Civil War. ?? ?? ?? ?? GCSE History - China Page 1 of 2 Denis Twomey 10J 17/01/2008 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. In February 1943, the German army surrendered at Stalingrad. Was Hitler's interference the main ...

    Hitler, due to his stubbornness and pride, would not let Von Paulus move away from the River Volga. His attitude was 'I won't leave the Volga! I won't go back from the Volga!'; instead, he preferred to pull Hoth, along with Mannstein, from the Caucuses to try and break through the Russian lines to bring supplies to Von Paulus.

  2. "The Long March was a Great Retreat" what evidence is there to support or ...

    The fact he said that the March 'ended' in victory for the CCP suggests that there was initially some form of retreat or at least a period where victory looked less likely. This is also echoed in Source B where Han Suyin makes reference to 'defeat after defeat' at the hands of the GMD.

  1. Why were Mao and the Communists able to gain control of China in the ...

    The war began when the Japanese troops attacked the Chinese on the Marco Polo Bridge, but the Chinese were prepared and forced the Japanese to move.

  2. Forty years ago on New Year's Day, dictator Fulginio Baptista fled Havana.

    Che's secret departure to Africa to initiate popular uprisings in some countries is an illustration. He first went to the Congo to fight against the puppets of colonial powers such as Mobutu Sese Seko. The current leader of Congo, Laurent Kabila, fought alongside Che and his comrades.

  1. The Duvalier regime compared to other dictatorships on Haiti during the middle of the ...

    Toussaint was captured or rather tricked by the French government and died in prison in France7. But most of the French army disappeared due to yellow fever and other tropical diseases, and it had to capitulate in 1803, the country was renamed Republic of Haiti and was the first black

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Stalin saw this speech as a declaration of war. A further reason was because of the Long Telegram and Novikov Telegram in 1946. The Novikov telegram stated that the USA wanted to dominate the world and was unable to cooperate with the USSR.

  1. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    Carter asked, in 1978, for an increase in the defence budget but in 1979 there was Salt II Salt II agreed: 1. 2400 strategic nuclear delivery vehicles each 2. 1320 MIRV systems each 3. Ban on new construction of land-based ICBM launchers 4.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    venerable nations was enough for the democratic USA to vehemently oppose their system of government and economic ideology. * Several areas of competition 1) Territory - Each country believed in its right to a sphere of influence beyond its national borders 2)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work