• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973

Extracts from this document...


Why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973 I am writing this essay to 'explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973'. The Vietnam War lasted just under a decade but conflict in the area had been seen for well over thirty years. It all started as a civil war between the South Vietnamese people and their government. As the government of Vietnam was struggling and fear of defeat was becoming more and more apparent, the US were called to help. After this tiring decade of non-stop fighting and controversy, the US withdrew in 1973. There were many reasons for this such as, media that was giving coverage of the war to around the world. ...read more.


The French added Vietnam and the rest of Indochina to their colonial empire by the end of the 19th century. The French had ruled Indochina since the late 1800's. When WWII broke out (1939-1945) the French were more concerned about their own country and the Japanese occupied Indochina. After the war the French hastily regained control of their former colony but a Vietnamese communist, named Ho Chi Minh, slipped away and formed a government in the north which the French surprisingly agreed to. This was uneasy to compromise and neither side kept their promises and soon fighting broke out between them. The Vietnamese forces in the North, also known as Vietminh, continuously attacked the French. ...read more.


The American government immediately started to have fears that as Vietnam was now led by communists, communism would have the 'domino effect' and spread. John F. Kennedy, the president at the time decided to send lots of American advisers and arms to help the south fight against communism in the north. After Kennedy's assassination in 1963 president Lyndon J. Johnson took over and with a much more aggressive attitude he looked for a reason to send troops into Vietnam. That excuse came when North Vietnamese torpedo boats attacked American destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin. America was furious and advised by the US Congress President Johnson ordered a massive build up of military power in South Vietnam. He brought more military advisers in and US Army helicopters flew combat missions through the North Vietnamese and the Viet Cong. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Vietnam 1954-1975 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Vietnam 1954-1975 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain why the US withdrew its forces from the Vietnam War in 1973

    4 star(s)

    in the 1950s, this insured that the American people feared the spread of communism and felt that the Vietnam War was a device they could use to stop the "Domino Effect", which suggested that the whole of Asia would eventually be controlled by communist states, much like what happened in Eastern Europe under Joseph Stalin.

  2. How useful are the sources A to G for explaining why there was an ...

    seems almost like a paradox - the righteousness of that word compared with the conditions that were faced on the ground in Vietnam. As it focuses towards these aspects more than the other possible reasons for the anti-war movement, it may be seen as not that useful; however, I would strongly discourage any sort of thinking along that line.

  1. Evaluate the tactics and strategies employed by the Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese ...

    Artillery bombardments were also used to weaken targets before soldiers and weaponry vehicles entered the area. In total, 7 million tonnes of bombs were dropped over Vietnam - over twice the bomb tonnage dropped during World War II. As well as explosive bombs the US air force dropped a considerable number of incendiary devices.

  2. Why did America withdraw from Vietnam in 1973?

    The Vietcong used guerrilla tactics, this comes from the Spanish meaning 'little war' these tactics were used against napoleon in the peninsular war (1807-1814) by Spanish soldiers, the Vietcong used these tactics fully and to the maximum by using the surrounding terrain in Vietnam which was mainly dense rainforest etc.

  1. Why did the United States withdraw its forces from Vietnam in 1973?

    The advantage of the peasant support came as the Vietcong were fighting in their own country and the advantages that came with that were key to the eventual victory it brought about. I believe that the in built advantages that the Vietcong had were the most important reason for American withdrawal, and more important even than their use of tactics.

  2. The French in Indochina

    Everyone is sick... They call us engrais (fertiliser)." French disregard for the quality of Vietnamese lifestyles led to Vietnamese acceptance of communism, especially for peasants. It allowed poor people to have control over the country's economy and would let them move up in the feudal system, regaining the freedom the French had deprived them of.

  1. Why the United States withdrew its troops from Vietnam in 1973

    They had to make sure that local people accepted their presence, they made a great effort to know the local people personally and spread the word of revoloution. They managed to recruit local people to fight along side, by day they could be farmers, by night a deadly tactical weapon

  2. Vietnam War- Explain why the United States removed its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    The use of napalm and Agent Orange were very unpopular with the Americans and did not earn any respect for the American leaders. The use of Napalm and Agent Orange angered the Americans and America as a country did not see the need for loss of lives in Vietnam especially when they were no threat to America.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work