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Why was britain able to win the battle of britain

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Introduction

Why was Britain able to win the Battle of Britain? After the evacuation of Dunkirk by the British and the fall of France in June 1940, Hitler had one other obstacle in his bid for more Lebensraum and expansion of his empire, this was Britain. Hitler didn't really intend to attack Britain; however they were in the way of his plans. Hitler felt that Britain was his natural ally and not his enemy. As Hitler wanted to expand his empire he wanted to carve it out into the communist USSR, however Britain didn't want to make any deals with Germany, which angered Hitler. On the 16th June Hitler announced that he would be invading Britain even though he didn't really want to go to war with Britain in the first place. In summer of 1940 between July and September the Battle of Britain took place. However as Britain had just arrived just over a month ago, they were weak as they had burnt most of their weapons and vehicles, therefore they would be weak and easier for Germany to attack. However this was going to be an aerial and sea battle between the nations. The battle itself wasn't just a battle but a series of small battles. The French General predicted that Britain should fall in 3 weeks, as he saw what Hitler had did to France As the battle was going to be mostly air and sea due to the location of Britain, therefore there would be no Blitzkrieg or ground troops. There were many factors during the battle of Britain which both nation developed and used to defeat each other. The biggest advance was in technology by both countries as the British had developed the radar, which would help destroy the German planes before they could actually attack the RAF bases, this helped the British a lot as with the use of radar they could even take on the German planes before they reached Britain, therefore this was a big advantage for the British and a break through in technology. ...read more.

Middle

Also Blitzkrieg was a rapid and flexible movement of ground troops. However in Britain's case, the Germans would have to attack by air and sea. However the German Navy and air force was no match for the British as they were strong in all areas, Hitler was told this by his military adviser, however he had a plan to wipe out the RAF by bombing British air bases (Operation Sealion) so that the RAF were crippled, by bombing the air bases using the Luftwaffe and destroying the run ways before the planes could take off would certainly damage the British. By defeating the RAF the Navy would also collapse and become vulnerable once the RAF was destroyed even though it was already weak. As the British were fighting on home soil they had the advantage however enormous pressure would be on them to also win. The German had quite a dilemma as they had planes flying into England; however they were useless with out any ground troops. The troops had to travel by sea however they would be attacked by the British who were waiting on the coast with their guns. Also on the coast they had anti-aircraft guns which would shoot any passing enemy aircraft. Despite this Hitler main aim was to basically cripple the RAF by destroying the heat of the RAF planes which is are the bases. The Germans again however came across some problems which the British faced which was the fuel, the German planes only had 30mins to fly before they had to go back and refuel. Due to the develop of technology such as radar planes like the Messerschmitt and Heinkel were unsuccessful in destroying the RAF asses, as they were detected before they even reached the base, therefore this forced Hitler to change his tactics and try and destroy the RAF via aerial battle, however this was also unsuccessful as the British planes such as the Spitfire were to agile and fast for the German planes, the Spitfire just basically outgunned the German planes due to its manoeuvrability. ...read more.

Conclusion

The bombers that they did have were ineffective, and the only real plane they had was the Messerschmitt 109 which could just about compare to the Spitfire. In contrast the British had much better technology, as there planes were more advanced, also they had developed radar which also helped defeat the Germans as they were detected before they could reach the RAF. However the Germans also had a chance to use it, but they dismissed it, which proved costly. The decision for Britain to invest in radar was a good one and proved effective. Due to British planes such as the Spitfire this enabled Britain to victory, such as the Spitfire which outgunned all the German planes, as they were manoeuvrable and also had radar. Due to this Hitler had to change his tactics, as pilots were falling short, which meant that he had to use young inexperienced pilots these were also getting killed, they were also being out produced by Britain at this point. Both nation had good tactics, however it was how the leader used them and Britain were more effective in this as they had Dowding, who used the tactics to his advantage. Britain's morale was also high which created positive energy, on top Winston Churchill was also motivating the country, which boosted peoples hopes and desire to win, including the pilots. If there was no leader, technology, weapons and tactics would have not worked on their own as the leaders guided and controlled this, as Britain had good tactics and planning unlike Germany, which also led them to not using there technology or weapons properly, as Goering had poor organisation and little experience and not much backing from Hitler. In the end Dowding with his qualities of experience and organisation, and decisions was more effective than Goering. Goering just wanted to win any how, but he wanted to win with comfort and ease unlike Dowding who led the RAF to victory from start to finish, which is what enabled Britain to achieve Victory at the battle. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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