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Why was Hitler able to come to power only ten years after the failed Munich putsch of 1923?

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Introduction

Why was Hitler able to come to power only ten years after the failed Munich putsch of 1923? In 1922, Hitler had to take the help of the Bavarian army and the Bavarian state government. He took the support of Gustav von Kahr, the head of the State of Bavaria, and Otto von Lossow, the Army Commander in Bavaria. However, when they both developed cold feet just before the coup, Hitler left them and went ahead with his plan and tried to take over Bavaria. He failed, however, as the Nazis weren't strong enough. However, his trial for the initiation of the putsch served as propaganda and the right-wing politicians began to respect him. Although the Nazism already existed in Germany even before Hitler's regime, it was only sporadic and extremist. ...read more.

Middle

There was hyperinflation and there came a point where the money wasn't worth anything any longer. Nearly everyone bore the brunt of the Depression. The working class people got paid the same wages, if they were employed that is, and the middle class people also could not keep up their standard of living with the paltry social security benefits. The Weimar Republic, held talks with the Allies and managed to reduce the payments to only a quarter of what the Allies initially demanded in 1921. Muller's government headed Germany in 1929. They were the government that agreed to the Dawes and the Young Plans. Hugenburg was a right wing politician who felt that Germany was being betrayed by the war-guilt lie. Hugenburg, with a huge support from all the right wing parties including the Nazis passed the Law against the enslavement of the German People. ...read more.

Conclusion

This made him popular on the right wing, but not enough, as the Nazis later won the Reichstag elections because it was the largest supported party in the Reichstag. Hitler became Chancellor because the left and the centre were too divided among each other. This made the Nazi party the strongest party in the multi-party democracy. The masses were oppressed by the Weimar Republic and fell for the right wing's statements about the war-guilt lie. They were ready to push the blame at the Jews and to preserve their national culture from the immigrants. They even agreed to overlook Hitler's putsch, in which he was sentenced to jail. The masses believed him to be their saviour, as his troops' respectability and maintenance of order brought newfound hope into their hearts. ?? ?? ?? ?? IB History HL 1 8/5/07 Pranav Kalvapalle Page 1 of 1 ...read more.

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