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"Why was Hitler able to come to power only ten years after the Munichputsch".

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Introduction

Felicity Shead 12.December 02. "Why was Hitler able to come to power only ten years after the Munich putsch" The Munich Putsch of November 1923 was a failure in political terms, Hitler's attempted "revolution" had failed and he was imprisoned for high treason. Hitler came to power ten years later after taking advantage of the situations that arose. The putsch itself, although it had failed gained Hitler and the Nazi party masses of publicity. Hitler's trial lasted twenty four days and made front page news in every German newspaper at the time. It made the Nazi party and its leader a "famous media sensation." He was sentenced to five years in prison for a combination of attempted revolution, supporting a bank robbery and inciting murder. This in itself was a lenient sentence but Hitler served only 9 months imprisonment. At this time the Nazi party and Hitler had a lot of widespread support, the judge in the trial (representing the people of Germany) clearly had sympathy with Nazi values and ideas. The time Hitler spent in prison enabled him to "write" his book 'mein kampf' - 'my struggle.' ...read more.

Middle

Adolf Hitler offered this "strong leader". Democratic countries were associated with Hitler's 'stab in the back' myth. There were several attempts from extreme right and left to overthrow Weimar Republic, e.g. Spartacist Revolt, 1919; Kapp Putsch, 1920; Munich Putsch, 1923 it was clear people were unhappy with the way things were and wanted change. * Nazi Party had a strong leader in Hitler - determined and a powerful speaker. * Nazi Party willing to change its strategy. * Nazi Party had skilled propagandist in Goebbels. It used the most modern propaganda methods. In 1929, the U.S.A suffered at the hands of the Wall Street Crash, the country had to call in all her loans, and subsequently any countries that depended on these loans (e.g. Germany) suffered too. The Wall Street crash left five million Germans unemployed; the country faced widespread disease and poverty. Five major banks collapsed soon after and twenty thousand businesses folded, now the "depression" affected the middle class as well as the poor. The people of Germany were now more prepared to listen to the extremist parties, like the Nazis and Communists. They looked for someone to solve their problems. ...read more.

Conclusion

Once Hitler was in government he was determined to achieve absolute power. To do this he took advantage of a number of circumstances that arose. The Reichstag fire was an excuse for Hitler to lay blame on the communists (the opposing extremist party at this time.) In the March election that followed soon after the Nazis did well, but didn't achieve a majority. The passing of the enabling act/bill enabled Hitler and his government to rule without consent of the Reichstag. This in turn enabled Hitler to begin to eliminate opposition parties. "The Night of the Long Knives" was the conclusion to an agreement Hitler had made with the army. The army saw the S.A (Hitler's storm troopers) as a threat, and so to gain the support of the army Hitler promised to remove the S.A (as they were no longer required- intimidation no longer a technique needed to gain support.) In return the army would swear an oath of total loyalty to Hitler. Now Hitler had the support of the country's army all opposition stood little chance of any success. The final circumstance that enabled Hitler to gain the absolute power he wanted was the death of Hindenburg. This meant Hitler was now the "Fuhrer." 1 ...read more.

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