• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Hitler able to dominate Germany by 1934?

Extracts from this document...


Coursework, key Question 1: 'Why was Hitler able to dominate Germany by 1934?' Exercise 1[i]: Hitler's rise to power a. Explain the nature and purpose of the S. A. before 1933 The S. A. was, essentially, the private army of the NSDAP. During the years of endemic violence in Germany after its defeat in the First World War until 1925, and again after 1930, after the prosperity brought by the Young plan evaporated with the Wall Street Crash of October 1929, such private armies were commonplace, and indeed necessary. Many members of the S. A. had come out of the defeated German army, and were in effect mercenary thugs. The principal attraction of the S. A. to many of its members was not the political ideology of the party for which it worked (although a great many of them were probably Nazi sympathizers), but rather its pomp, regalia and display (the S. A. wore the uniform of the defeated German army, evoking patriotic spirit among both its members and the general public), which were used to great effect to boost party membership (indeed, this was one of the main aims of the S. ...read more.


A banking crisis led to a sharp drop in spending, causing businesses to go bankrupt, and thus causing mass unemployment. The people that lost out the most were the middle classes, as the very rich had enough money that they could get by easily, and the poor were mostly agricultural workers, who could survive by subsistence farming and selling their goods, which were essential to everyone. Almost all of the more enthusiastic supporters of the democratic Weimar republic also came from the middle classes, and with the collapse in their way of life caused by the Wall Street Crash and subsequent financial crisis in Germany, the government inevitably shouldered much of the blame. With most of the government's support having evaporated, people inevitably looked to alternative systems of rule - principally those at almost diametrically opposite ends of the spectrum: the nationalist ultra-conservative Nazi party, who promised to sort out the country, and the Communists and Socialists (Russia had been unaffected by the Wall Street Crash, owing to the fact that private ownership of land - and thus the mortgages upon which people in Germany had to default - was forbidden). ...read more.


His foreign policy, however, was remarkably similar to Hitler's - he talked of remilitarizing the Rhineland, and even of Anschluss with Austria. The blaming of the Communists and consequent elimination of opposition in the next elections after the Reichstag fire was also an extremely important factor in the NSDAP's gaining a majority in the Reichstag and thus eventual power, with Hitler as Chancellor. The Wall Street Crash was thus important to the rise of the Nazi party after 1929 because it resulted in an economic crisis in Germany, which precipitated a loss of confidence in the Weimar government from the middle classes. The hard times in Germany led to political polarization, and, while the Nazis were not the only beneficiaries of this, they certainly received a boost in their levels of support. However, it was not the only reason for their rise to power - the Reichstag fire and thus the elimination of opposition to the Nazi party, and before that, the death of Stresemann, both contributed to the NSDAP's rise to power. H. W. D. Smith 28/04/2007 - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Were the events which took place during the Night of the Long Knives (June ...

    Edgar Jung, the author of Papen's 'Marburg speech', was also murdered, along with his editor von Bose32. The removal of these people, along with the elimination of R�hm was the final step in Hitler's consolidation of power, leaving no significant opposition worthy of a challenge, while at the same time securing the power bases he desired.

  2. History Coursework – the Reichstag Fire

    to the Reichstag especially as Van der Lubbe was actually handicapped; and finally source J, which reflects the severity of the fire and the scale of it - which doesn't seem like arson capable of just one man. Van der Lubbe, being partially blinded and possibly mentally handicapped was probably incapable of a task on this scale.

  1. Thr opposition of the Church.

    the Communist Resistance with one can be perceived as a type of condescending tone. The following is an excerpt from On the Road to the Wolf's Lair. During the early years of the Third Reich die-hard supporters of the parties active in the republican government, mostly Communist and Social Democrats, tried to maintain an underground opposition in Germany.

  2. "It was the enabling law that allowed Hitler to dominate Germany by the end ...

    Of course he closed all the state governments and appointed new state governors-all of which were Nazis. Every state governor had the power to make new state laws. With this new change in place it meant that not only was the Nazis the largest party in journey, but they were effectively in charge of the whole country.

  1. Modern World History Coursework - Reichstag Sourcework

    These points from the sources quite strongly disagree with each other. Overlooking the great deal of bias and unreliability that is evident in these two sources, it is possible to form a conclusion that will answer the original question. To conclude, although sources C and D both explore some completely

  2. Why was Hitler able to dominate Germany by 1934?

    14 in December of the same year they still remained in the government which was the foothold Hitler would use to gain total power. When Hitler was released from prison his main priorities where to gain more seats in the government.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work