• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Hitler able to transform his political position to one of dictatorship by August 1934?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was Hitler able to transform his political position to one of dictatorship by August 1934? There were six fundamental ideas of how Hitler strengthened his position between January 1933 and August 1934. Firstly, on the 27th February the Reichstag building was set on fire. The Nazis blamed the fire on Van de Lubbe, a young Dutch communist and the Nazis claimed that he intended to spark a communist uprising in Germany. At Van der Lubbe's trial, he confessed to setting the building on fire. But the Nazis had been planning to set the Reichstag on fire. After the fire Hitler claimed that the fire was proof of a communist plot to take control of the government. He persuaded Hindenburg to sign the Reichstag fire decree. After Hindenburg signed the decree the Nazis had power to arrest communists and socialists and hold them for as long as they wanted, without having to appear in court. ...read more.

Middle

Members of the SDP were attacked by the SA on the day of the voting and many did not turn up. This meant that the enabling law was passed by 444 to 94 votes. The enabling law gave Hitler the power to pass any law without consulting the Reichstag and the president. Hitler used this to his advantage and banned the SDP; the communists had previously been destroyed. Other parties followed and Hitler banned the formation of new parties in July. This meant that there was a one party state, - the Nazis. Trade unions which were against the Nazis were abolished and their offices were destroyed and officers arrested and sent to prison. Nazi officials were put in charge of local governments which ran the states of Germany. Despite putting all of this in force in Germany Hitler identified one more threat to his power, and it came from inside his own party. ...read more.

Conclusion

The SS arrested most of the members of the SA, including Roehm who was shot. Hitler explained his actions in the Reichstag and said that he had saved Germany, and Hitler had also removed any opposition to him from within the party. Despite Hitler doing all of this Hindenburg was still president. But on 2nd August Hindenburg died, Hitler declared himself the Fuhrer. On the same day the members of the army declared an oath of loyalty to Hitler. Hitler was now in full control as the only people with the power to oppose Hitler was the army and they had just given Hitler their support. To conclude, the main reasons why Hitler was able to transform his political position to one of dictatorship was because: - The opposition to him was weak and divided. The Nazis used violence and aggression to destroy political opposition and he removed any opposition from within the Nazi party and outside the party, with ease. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How did Hitler establish a dictatorship?

    - Hermann G�ring. Nazi newspapers continued to print false evidence of Communist conspiracies, claiming that only Hitler and the Nazis could prevent a Communist takeover. Joseph Goebbels now had control of the State-run radio and broadcast Nazi propaganda and Hitler's speeches all across the nation.

  2. Were the events which took place during the Night of the Long Knives (June ...

    The army could also dissuade Hindenburg from doing so, or even carry out a coup upon Hindenburg's death. J. Noakes and G. Pridham believe that Hitler could easily end the coup with the help of the SA, however this would then make him obliged obey they SA and lock Germany into the 'second revolution' envisioned by R�hm.

  1. Describe and explain the rise to power of Hitler and the Nazi's (with reference ...

    Hitler had gone ahead with the Putsch because he felt the time was right, as there was a lot of anti-government felling in Germany due to hyperinflation. Another reason was that he thought that he would get support from von Kahr and other right -wing Parities.

  2. Why was Hitler able to dominate Germany by 1934?

    So to stop the communists they voted Nazis. Fear of communism was a factor used to the advantage of the Nazi party. The Nazis seized this golden opportunity. They finally had proof that democracy didn't work so in their campaigns they showed people the weakness of the Weimar government and how Germany needed a strong leader, such as Adolf Hitler.

  1. Why was Hitler able to consolidate his position in Germanybetween January 1933 and August ...

    Also, a law was brought up in July so that no new parties will be allowed. From this point on, Germany became a one-party state. Germany virtually belonged only to Hitler and the Nazi party. In the same month, Germany withdrew itself from the League of Nations.

  2. adolf hitler

    As this area contained nearly all Czechoslovakia's mountain fortifications, she was no longer able to defend herself against further aggression. From his meetings with Neville Chamberlain, Hitler had discovered that this man would do anything to avoid military conflict. Chamberlain was aware of the appalling destruction that would take place during a modern war.

  1. History Coursework – the Reichstag Fire

    Study the following interpretations of the Reichstag fire. (i) Van der Lubbe was a madman, and he set fire to the Reichstag all by himself, but the Nazis genuinely believed the fire was the start of a Communist uprising.

  2. Was the Reichstag fire the main reason why Hitler was able to establish a ...

    Because trade unions were a potential source of opposition to Hitler; he banned them using his new powers. Therefore strikes became illegal and the government couldn?t then be overturned. The Night of the Long Knives was also important in helping Hitler establish a dictatorship and his position in the party.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work