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Why was Hitler able to transform his political position to one of dictatorship by August 1934?

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Introduction

Why was Hitler able to transform his political position to one of dictatorship by August 1934? There were six fundamental ideas of how Hitler strengthened his position between January 1933 and August 1934. Firstly, on the 27th February the Reichstag building was set on fire. The Nazis blamed the fire on Van de Lubbe, a young Dutch communist and the Nazis claimed that he intended to spark a communist uprising in Germany. At Van der Lubbe's trial, he confessed to setting the building on fire. But the Nazis had been planning to set the Reichstag on fire. After the fire Hitler claimed that the fire was proof of a communist plot to take control of the government. He persuaded Hindenburg to sign the Reichstag fire decree. After Hindenburg signed the decree the Nazis had power to arrest communists and socialists and hold them for as long as they wanted, without having to appear in court. ...read more.

Middle

Members of the SDP were attacked by the SA on the day of the voting and many did not turn up. This meant that the enabling law was passed by 444 to 94 votes. The enabling law gave Hitler the power to pass any law without consulting the Reichstag and the president. Hitler used this to his advantage and banned the SDP; the communists had previously been destroyed. Other parties followed and Hitler banned the formation of new parties in July. This meant that there was a one party state, - the Nazis. Trade unions which were against the Nazis were abolished and their offices were destroyed and officers arrested and sent to prison. Nazi officials were put in charge of local governments which ran the states of Germany. Despite putting all of this in force in Germany Hitler identified one more threat to his power, and it came from inside his own party. ...read more.

Conclusion

The SS arrested most of the members of the SA, including Roehm who was shot. Hitler explained his actions in the Reichstag and said that he had saved Germany, and Hitler had also removed any opposition to him from within the party. Despite Hitler doing all of this Hindenburg was still president. But on 2nd August Hindenburg died, Hitler declared himself the Fuhrer. On the same day the members of the army declared an oath of loyalty to Hitler. Hitler was now in full control as the only people with the power to oppose Hitler was the army and they had just given Hitler their support. To conclude, the main reasons why Hitler was able to transform his political position to one of dictatorship was because: - The opposition to him was weak and divided. The Nazis used violence and aggression to destroy political opposition and he removed any opposition from within the Nazi party and outside the party, with ease. ...read more.

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