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Why Was Hitler Appointed Chancellor in 1933?

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Introduction

WHY WAS HITLER APPOINTED CHANCELLOR IN 1933? A combination of factors led to Hitler being given the position of Chancellor (the second-highest post of the then current German government) on the 30th of January 1933. The final, direct reasons for his selection were political, but Hitler was only able to reach that point through appealing to the German public. It was not too hard for Hitler to impress the average German: He was by far the most promising. His promises were not aimed at being better than the other parties; instead he told the people he would give them what they wanted. ...read more.

Middle

This gave him an edge over the competition, who were to busy arguing amongst one another to worry about trivial details1 such as voter support. This leads to another important reason why the Nazis were able to gain support and Hitler's eventual Chancellorship: the opposing parties weaknesses. The raising unemployment caused the people to blame the Weimar parties (the majority at the time) for failing to prevent Germanys' economic decline, and supported the Nazis instead2. This was ideal for the Nazis, because it weakened their main rival and strengthened themselves. Also, Germans citizens' fear of communism was increasing (on average). The Nazis' propaganda chiefs noticed this and immediately increased advertisement of the Nazi party's long-standing public opposition to communism. ...read more.

Conclusion

President Hindenburg did not like Hitler, a fact that would have prevented most other candidates getting any further, as only the President could appoint the Chancellor. However, Hitler was the favourite of the German people by such a wide margin that no one could keep him out of the Chancellor's office and hope to stay in their own office for long. In the end, Hitler's predecessor, Chancellor Von Papen, persuaded Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as Chancellor and install Von Papen as Vice-Chancellor. Von Papen saw that while his own dismal popularity prevented him from remaining chancellor, he could still hope to control Hitler from the Vice-Chancellor station. Needless to say he was wrong. 1 Sarcasm 2 See previous paragraph Doug Conley 10PC 07/05/2007 ...read more.

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