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Why was Hitler Appointed Chancellor in 1933?

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Introduction

Why was Hitler Appointed Chancellor in 1933? On the 30th January 1933 Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany, an event which led to the establishment of a Nazi dictatorship, and was one of the major reasons why World War II broke out, which had far reaching consequences that still affect us to this day. It also led to a rein of monstrous acts of tyranny and genocide, that historians have called 'the most appalling times in History.' But as Historian John Snell asks, ' How was it possible for the Nazis to come to power in one of the most civilised countries in Europe just fourteen years after the country had thrown of its monarchical armour on the slag heap of history and wrapped itself in the clothing of democratic republicanism.' To answer this question we must look at where the support for the Nazis came from, and what occurred to trigger this reactionary change in politics. The first thing I shall look at and the most stereotypical reason is that the Germans are naturally a nationalistic race, who are used to and enjoy militarism and authoritarianism. We can see this when we look into their history as for hundreds of years they were ruled by an autocratic Kaiser, and so would be knowledgeable to the dictatorship of Hitler, that the Nazi party was offering. ...read more.

Middle

This was particularly applicable to the Petty Bougouis, who were the shop owners and tradesmen, as they would suffer greatly from the depression because they're livelihood depended on people spending, which would less likely to happen in a recession. Thirdly, some of the middle and upper class Germans would have turned to the Nazis through the failures of the Weimar Republic's economic policies such as the Treaty of Versailles, and the Young plan which caused a lot of criticism form the middle and upper class nationalists because it was seen as another Versailles, and prolonged the crippling reparations. Finally, the middle class, especially shopkeepers, would be attracted by the Anti-Semitic policies of the Nazi party, as the Jews typically owned the large department stores that were causing small Germans businesses to fold, which increased resentment towards the Jews that the Nazis and in particular Hitler learned to play on. The specific examples of the Nazis gaining support from people are seen especially with the Junkers and the large industrials, as the Nazis would not split up the Junkers land like the Weimar republic, and promised stability for the industrialists, this meant Hitler had support from some of the most powerful people. Another wider group that Hitler typically was supported by was the women in Germany, as he promised to return the value of the traditional family, and let mother's stay at home to support the children, and he gave them the promise of Arbeit und Brot (work and bread). ...read more.

Conclusion

way of reaching the people, as they're 'intelligence is small' and they 'must harp on limited slogans, until the very last member of the public understands', as he said in Mein Kampf. But as information in East Berlin has been found, it was discovered that the campaign was not as effective as once thought, as Noakes, a modern historian, says that 'Propaganda only reinforced existing sympathies,' so it did not play as big a role as the other reasons. To conclude, I will say that Hitler became chancellor in 1933 because his party had the most support at the time, and seemed the best choice, but his support that let him run to be chancellor came from not one specific group of powerful people, but from a large cross section of the whole of Germany. Hitler's genius was seen in his twenty-four points, as anyone could find something in them to relate to, and so join and support the party. This was where the NSDAP's real success was, that it could therefore claim to be the only party cutting across the whole political spectrum, representing the Volksgemeinschaft as a whole and overcoming class divisions. So with some justification then the Nazis were the Volkspartei, and because of that they became the biggest party in Germany with a third of the electoral vote, securing Hitler's place as Chancellor and putting him one step closer to his dictatorship goal. Michael Jay - History - 12 JL ...read more.

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