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Why was Hitler appointed chancellor of Germany in 1933?

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Introduction

Why was Hitler appointed chancellor of Germany in 1933? In the 1928 general election, the Nazis only had twelve seats in the Reichstag, but the events of October 1929 gave Hitler a second chance to gain power. On 3 October Gustav Stresemann died. He had been the most important politician in Germany since 1923. Stresemann had overcome the effects of hyperinflation in 1923 and had then negotiated the Dawes plan in 1924. In 1925 he persuaded the other European governments to agree to the Locarno Pacts, which guaranteed German borders. Finally in 1926 Germany was admitted to the League of Nations and became a Permanent Member of the Council. For the next three years Germany appeared to be well on the way to recovery. ...read more.

Middle

Sentenced to five years' imprisonment, but serves only eight months, during which time he writes Mein Kampf. 1928 The Nazi Party gains 12 seats in the German Parliament, the Reichstag. 1929 Beginning of the Great Depression. 1930 The Nazi Party gains 107 seats in the Reichstag. 1933 January. Appointed Chancellor. February. Reichstag fire blamed on communists. March. Reichstag passes an Enabling Act giving full power to the Nazi Party. 1934 June. "Knight of the Long Knives". August. Death of President Hindenburg. End of Weimar Republic, and beginning of the Third Reich. 1935 Launches open German rearmament. 1936 Sends troops into the demilitarized Rhineland. 1938 Orders annexation of Austria and Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland. 1939 German invasion of Poland. Britain and France declare war on Germany, beginning World War II. 1940 German forces overrun Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France. ...read more.

Conclusion

Without military support, however, the Putsch collapsed. As leader of the plot, Hitler was sentenced to five years' imprisonment and spent the eight months he actually served dictating his autobiography Mein Kampf. Released as a result of a general amnesty in December 1924, he rebuilt his party without interference from those whose government he had tried to overthrow. When the Great Depression struck in 1929, his explanation of it as a Jewish-Communist plot was accepted by many Germans. Promising a strong Germany, jobs, and national glory, he attracted millions of voters. Nazi representation in the Reichstag (parliament) rose from 12 seats in 1928 to 107 in 1930. During the following two years the party kept expanding, benefiting from growing unemployment, fear of Communism, Hitler's self-certainty, and the diffidence of his political rivals. Nevertheless, when Hitler was appointed chancellor in January 1933, he was expected to be an easily controlled tool of big business. ...read more.

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