• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Hitler invited to become Chancellor?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was Hitler invited to become Chancellor? In 1932 the weaknesses of the Weimar Constitution were clear to all. Due to its careful balance of power and proportional representation, no political leader was strong enough to rule. During this period Germany was effectively being run by 84 year old President Hindenburg. Policy was being set by a tiny group of rich, conservative industrialists and army leaders. The Reichstag offered very little leadership. The heart of the problem was that the Nazis were the largest party. Normally the leader of such a party would become Chancellor, but the other parties in the Reichstag would not work with Hitler. The constitution gave President Hindenburg the right to appoint Chancellor and he did not want Hitler as Chancellor. ...read more.

Middle

Hitler refused to co-operate, so Hindenburg called another election. This was a bad election for the Nazis. Apathy was settling in. In Northeim the Nazis were in financial trouble and made a public appeal for party funds. In an attempt to regain support, the SA and leading Nazis went to church en masse and got a Protestant minister to speak for them. They placed advertisements in the local papers and mobilised all sections of the party to distribute leaflets and tickets to meetings. All this activity was in vain, however - the Nazis lost 267 votes in the town. In Germany as a whole, the thuggery and intimidation by the SA had begun to lose the Nazis support. Their vote fell to 33.1% and they lost 34 seats. ...read more.

Conclusion

22 January: Von Papen asks Hindenburg to make Hitler Chancellor. Hindenburg refuses. 28 January: Von Schleicher finally has to admit defeat in raising support in the Reichstag. He has to resign. 30 January: Hindenburg wants von Papen back but is advised that re-appointing such an unpopular chancellor might trigger a movement against Hindenburg himself. Von Papen persuades Hindenburg that as long as the number of Nazis in the Cabinet is limited, then even with Hitler as Chancellor the most extreme Nazi policies could be resisted. He also warns that the alternative is a Nazi revolt and civil war. Hindenburg appoints Hitler as Chancellor and von Papen as Vice Chancellor. Hindenburg: Former army leader. Hated Hitler. His main advisers were rich, conservative industrialists and army leaders. Franz von Papen: Rich Catholic nobleman. A favourite of Hindenburg. Distrusted Hitler. General von Schleicher: Former army leader. The main adviser to Hindenburg. Supported von Papen to start with. Distrusted Hitler. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as chancellor?

    At the end of 15 years it was to be decided by democracy, which government the people of Saar wanted to be placed under, France or Germany. The people of Saar disliked this settlement very much as most of them were Germans, who obviously didn't want to be ruled by the allies for 15 years.

  2. Why was Hitler appointed Chancellor in 1933?

    desperate German's, in 1932 they became the largest party in the Reichstag and this was arguably all because of the economic depression. The Nazis operated a non-changeable policy scheme, where their twenty five policies could not be changed and hadn't been changed since Hitler became leader of the party.

  1. Modern World History Coursework - Reichstag Sourcework

    This suggests that source A is agreeing with one of the main concepts that statement A proposes, that Van der Lubbe was indeed a 'madman'. Diels continues to maintain in his report that Van der Lubbe's confessions 'made me believe he had acted alone'.

  2. adolf hitler

    Adolf Hitler, wrote in Mein Kampf about receiving the letter that told him he had been accepted for the German Army at the outbreak of the First World War. I opened the document with trembling hands; no words of mine can describe the satisfaction I felt.

  1. On 30th January 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor and Von Papen was appointed Vice-Chancellor, ...

    Many investors world-wide, felt the devastating, long-lasting effects of the falling prices at the New York stock exchange, which led to the depression. Although Stresemann did solve some problems for Germany, Germany still faced many problems including dependency on America's loans, much unemployment, farmers were doing badly and taxes were high.

  2. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933?

    Wolfgang Kapp, rebelled against the Treaty of Versailles and marched into the centre of Berlin announcing a new national government. Although these two attempts at seizing power failed, it was clear evidence of the lengths some parties were prepared to go to in order to destroy the Republic.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work