• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Hitler invited to become Chancellor?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was Hitler invited to become Chancellor? In 1932 the weaknesses of the Weimar Constitution were clear to all. Due to its careful balance of power and proportional representation, no political leader was strong enough to rule. During this period Germany was effectively being run by 84 year old President Hindenburg. Policy was being set by a tiny group of rich, conservative industrialists and army leaders. The Reichstag offered very little leadership. The heart of the problem was that the Nazis were the largest party. Normally the leader of such a party would become Chancellor, but the other parties in the Reichstag would not work with Hitler. The constitution gave President Hindenburg the right to appoint Chancellor and he did not want Hitler as Chancellor. ...read more.

Middle

Hitler refused to co-operate, so Hindenburg called another election. This was a bad election for the Nazis. Apathy was settling in. In Northeim the Nazis were in financial trouble and made a public appeal for party funds. In an attempt to regain support, the SA and leading Nazis went to church en masse and got a Protestant minister to speak for them. They placed advertisements in the local papers and mobilised all sections of the party to distribute leaflets and tickets to meetings. All this activity was in vain, however - the Nazis lost 267 votes in the town. In Germany as a whole, the thuggery and intimidation by the SA had begun to lose the Nazis support. Their vote fell to 33.1% and they lost 34 seats. ...read more.

Conclusion

22 January: Von Papen asks Hindenburg to make Hitler Chancellor. Hindenburg refuses. 28 January: Von Schleicher finally has to admit defeat in raising support in the Reichstag. He has to resign. 30 January: Hindenburg wants von Papen back but is advised that re-appointing such an unpopular chancellor might trigger a movement against Hindenburg himself. Von Papen persuades Hindenburg that as long as the number of Nazis in the Cabinet is limited, then even with Hitler as Chancellor the most extreme Nazi policies could be resisted. He also warns that the alternative is a Nazi revolt and civil war. Hindenburg appoints Hitler as Chancellor and von Papen as Vice Chancellor. Hindenburg: Former army leader. Hated Hitler. His main advisers were rich, conservative industrialists and army leaders. Franz von Papen: Rich Catholic nobleman. A favourite of Hindenburg. Distrusted Hitler. General von Schleicher: Former army leader. The main adviser to Hindenburg. Supported von Papen to start with. Distrusted Hitler. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why was Hitler appointed Chancellor in 1933?

    desperate German's, in 1932 they became the largest party in the Reichstag and this was arguably all because of the economic depression. The Nazis operated a non-changeable policy scheme, where their twenty five policies could not be changed and hadn't been changed since Hitler became leader of the party.

  2. adolf hitler

    Long before the war he had described to his associates how the daring coup that captured Norway might be carried out, and how the French could be manoeuvred out of the Maginot Line.

  1. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933?

    Many Germans were outraged by this and saw it as a blatant act of betrayal, so Hitler felt himself capable of taking advantage of this enmity towards the government, especially when he considered the effects that hyperinflation had caused due to the occupation of the Ruhr that year.

  2. Modern World History Coursework - Reichstag Sourcework

    Another discrepancy is how Halder appears to remember G�ring's exact quote a full 3 years after it was originally made. Although this is possible, the quote may not be word-perfect and should be treated with some care. However, because Halder generally disliked the Nazi party after being imprisoned in a

  1. How did Hitler become Chancellor of Germany in 1933?

    Overnight, the middle class standard of living so many German families enjoyed was ruined by events outside of Germany, beyond their control. The Great Depression began and they were cast into poverty and deep misery and began looking for a solution, any solution.

  2. Why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as chancellor?

    Germany had to agree never to combine with Austria again. They had to strictly respect the independence of Austria. This was hard for both countries to accept as they both thought of each other as the same people. They didn't like to be stopped from working together.

  1. On 30th January 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor and Von Papen was appointed Vice-Chancellor, ...

    This was the beginning of the rise of Hitler in Germany. This was the first that most Germans saw of this seemingly mighty politician with his very extreme views. Stresemann and the Weimar Government was another reason that enabled Hitler to come to power.

  2. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933?

    The government had to keep food prices high to shield farmers from the worst of the depression. As the food prices were kept ridiculously high, innumerable amounts of unemployed people could not afford to eat. For fifty years the German population had judged the strength of their country by its economic success and prosperity.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work