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Why was Ireland partitioned in 1922?

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Introduction

Why was Ireland partitioned in 1922? I am writing this essay to try to summaries a number of reasons why Ireland was partitioned in 1922. Some of the reasons even date back to the 16th century, and some are more recent. I will be exploring the religious and political differences in Ireland in an attempt to explain why it was partitioned. I will start off by looking at the long term causes. Some of the long term causes that led to Ireland being partitioned in 1922 were:- the Ireland catholic reformation- In the 16th century the Christian church in western Europe split into 2 sections, the protestant faith split away from the Catholic church, Henry VIII created the church of England, but Ireland still remained Catholic, so religious tensions in Ireland started to increase. Also during the rule of Elizabeth I (1558-1603) tensions between Catholics & Protestants grew and grew,Elizabeth also had a problem with Catholic Spain & Phillip II who sent the Spanish Armada, Elizabeth did not trust Catholics in Ireland, and encouraged Protestants to settle in and around Ireland, this was known as the plantation period, mainly all the protestants settled in the north of Ireland in an area called Ulster, this was because in the north there was much better land for farming and growing crops than in the south. ...read more.

Middle

figures & James Connolly's Citizen Army occupied the streets of central Dublin and Padraig Pearse read out a proclamation declaring that the Irish Republic was now established. Padraig Pearse saw the rebellion as a blood sacrifice, he knew the rising was hopeless but he feared that without some action the flame of Nationalism would go out in Ireland. The rising was short lived, just 1 week later the rebels surrendered. The British were outraged by this rebellion, because they were fighting the First World War and they thought the war was a lot more important rather than dealing with the Irish and their problems. Also all the leaders of the Easter Rising were executed by the British government. The only people that were sympathetic toward the rebels were the Irish in America but they thought it was very foolish carrying out the rebellion and the majority of the Irish public were sympathetic towards the rebels, but they too thought that it was foolish of the rebels to carry out the rebellion. Most of the Irish public also supported the rebels. Shortly after the Easter Rising, Sinn Fein started to gain lots of popularity in 1918 and onwards, Sinn Fein was founded by Arthur Griffith in 1905 as a more radical rival to Redmond's IPP party, Griffith thought that Irish MPs in Westminster should withdraw and set up their own parliament in Dublin. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Boundary Commission reported in 1924, and made virtually no changes to the proposed border between Northern Ireland and the Free State. Ireland was finally divided. To conclude this essay I will summaries and recap on the 3 most important reasons that I think led Ireland to be partitioned in 1922. The first reason is The Potato Famine of 1845-51, this is because this started to give most Irish people the impression that England did not care about Ireland, plus this led to the formation of Nationalism v Unionism, and this gave the Nationalists the idea of wanting Home Rule. The second reason is The Anglo-Irish war (1919-21) because the IRA started a guerrilla war against the RIC forces in Ulster plus the British also helped out the RIC forces, this caused even more tension between the Nationalists against the Unionists and British forces, this practically already partitions Ireland, because after this the Government of Ireland Act is passed and then the Anglo-Irish Treaty makes the partition official. And the third and final reason is The Anglo-Irish Treaty, because this is basically an adaptation of the Government of Ireland Act, most of the Irish Free State votes for the Treaty and a civil war breaks loose until May1923, then the Boundary Commission reported in 1924, they made virtually no changes to the proposed boarder between Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State, so then Ireland was divided and officially partitioned. ...read more.

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