• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Ireland partitioned in 1922?

Extracts from this document...


Why was Ireland partitioned in 1922? I am writing this essay to try to summaries a number of reasons why Ireland was partitioned in 1922. Some of the reasons even date back to the 16th century, and some are more recent. I will be exploring the religious and political differences in Ireland in an attempt to explain why it was partitioned. I will start off by looking at the long term causes. Some of the long term causes that led to Ireland being partitioned in 1922 were:- the Ireland catholic reformation- In the 16th century the Christian church in western Europe split into 2 sections, the protestant faith split away from the Catholic church, Henry VIII created the church of England, but Ireland still remained Catholic, so religious tensions in Ireland started to increase. Also during the rule of Elizabeth I (1558-1603) tensions between Catholics & Protestants grew and grew,Elizabeth also had a problem with Catholic Spain & Phillip II who sent the Spanish Armada, Elizabeth did not trust Catholics in Ireland, and encouraged Protestants to settle in and around Ireland, this was known as the plantation period, mainly all the protestants settled in the north of Ireland in an area called Ulster, this was because in the north there was much better land for farming and growing crops than in the south. ...read more.


figures & James Connolly's Citizen Army occupied the streets of central Dublin and Padraig Pearse read out a proclamation declaring that the Irish Republic was now established. Padraig Pearse saw the rebellion as a blood sacrifice, he knew the rising was hopeless but he feared that without some action the flame of Nationalism would go out in Ireland. The rising was short lived, just 1 week later the rebels surrendered. The British were outraged by this rebellion, because they were fighting the First World War and they thought the war was a lot more important rather than dealing with the Irish and their problems. Also all the leaders of the Easter Rising were executed by the British government. The only people that were sympathetic toward the rebels were the Irish in America but they thought it was very foolish carrying out the rebellion and the majority of the Irish public were sympathetic towards the rebels, but they too thought that it was foolish of the rebels to carry out the rebellion. Most of the Irish public also supported the rebels. Shortly after the Easter Rising, Sinn Fein started to gain lots of popularity in 1918 and onwards, Sinn Fein was founded by Arthur Griffith in 1905 as a more radical rival to Redmond's IPP party, Griffith thought that Irish MPs in Westminster should withdraw and set up their own parliament in Dublin. ...read more.


The Boundary Commission reported in 1924, and made virtually no changes to the proposed border between Northern Ireland and the Free State. Ireland was finally divided. To conclude this essay I will summaries and recap on the 3 most important reasons that I think led Ireland to be partitioned in 1922. The first reason is The Potato Famine of 1845-51, this is because this started to give most Irish people the impression that England did not care about Ireland, plus this led to the formation of Nationalism v Unionism, and this gave the Nationalists the idea of wanting Home Rule. The second reason is The Anglo-Irish war (1919-21) because the IRA started a guerrilla war against the RIC forces in Ulster plus the British also helped out the RIC forces, this caused even more tension between the Nationalists against the Unionists and British forces, this practically already partitions Ireland, because after this the Government of Ireland Act is passed and then the Anglo-Irish Treaty makes the partition official. And the third and final reason is The Anglo-Irish Treaty, because this is basically an adaptation of the Government of Ireland Act, most of the Irish Free State votes for the Treaty and a civil war breaks loose until May1923, then the Boundary Commission reported in 1924, they made virtually no changes to the proposed boarder between Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State, so then Ireland was divided and officially partitioned. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. To what extent was the Irish Famine merely an excuse for Peel to repeal ...

    Understanding why the Corn Laws were introduced allows us to understand further why Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel repealed them in 1846. There is strong evidence that some groups of poor people were considering and even preparing for revolution, and if they had rebelled it was evident that the poor stood a very good chance of being victorious.

  2. What were the causes of Indian Independencein 1947, and was partition inevitable?

    Due to this reason, World War One was the first catalyst to move the nationalism machine substantially in the direction of independence. It was during WW1 that the Lucknow pact was called; this had a mixed effect on partition and independence.

  1. Gallic war

    never giving up. - Caesat built defencive wall. - One face inward towards the Vetingtric and one faceing outwards facing the rest of the gallic coumminty.

  2. Submarines essay

    It was tried in the Passaic River in 1878. The submarine sank on its first outing because of its unfitting plugs. She was then towed out of the water and was rebuilt on dry land. Then Holland took the controls on its second run and it was a success although it was still leaky.

  1. The Panchayat system as an early form of conflict resolution in Trinidad.

    This was ironic because the Presbyterians assimilated facets of the Panchayat into their social agenda. The Panchayat of the Presbyterians operated along the same principles as that of the Indians. The Presbyterians incorporated the Panchayat as a means of communicating and gaining the trust of the Indians.

  2. Northern Ireland Question 3

    and Albert Reynolds, the Taoiseach of Republic of Ireland. It gave the right of the people of Northern Ireland to self-determination, and that the province would be transferred to the Republic of Ireland from the United Kingdom if and only if a majority of its population was in favour of such a move.

  1. Since the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 there has been a relative period of ...

    Unionist and Nationalist paramilitary groups are huge rivals and there have always been feuds between them. They believe deeply in what they are doing and the way they are doing it. They will kill or be killed fighting for their beliefs.

  2. Causes and consequences of the English Civil War

    Councillors and judges must take an oath to maintain certain Parliamentary statutes. 12. All judges and officers approved of by Parliament shall hold their posts on condition of good behaviour. 13. The justice of Parliament shall apply to all law-breakers, whether they are inside the country or have fled.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work