• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Ireland partitioned in 1922?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was Ireland partitioned in 1922? I am writing this essay to try to summaries a number of reasons why Ireland was partitioned in 1922. Some of the reasons even date back to the 16th century, and some are more recent. I will be exploring the religious and political differences in Ireland in an attempt to explain why it was partitioned. I will start off by looking at the long term causes. Some of the long term causes that led to Ireland being partitioned in 1922 were:- the Ireland catholic reformation- In the 16th century the Christian church in western Europe split into 2 sections, the protestant faith split away from the Catholic church, Henry VIII created the church of England, but Ireland still remained Catholic, so religious tensions in Ireland started to increase. Also during the rule of Elizabeth I (1558-1603) tensions between Catholics & Protestants grew and grew,Elizabeth also had a problem with Catholic Spain & Phillip II who sent the Spanish Armada, Elizabeth did not trust Catholics in Ireland, and encouraged Protestants to settle in and around Ireland, this was known as the plantation period, mainly all the protestants settled in the north of Ireland in an area called Ulster, this was because in the north there was much better land for farming and growing crops than in the south. ...read more.

Middle

figures & James Connolly's Citizen Army occupied the streets of central Dublin and Padraig Pearse read out a proclamation declaring that the Irish Republic was now established. Padraig Pearse saw the rebellion as a blood sacrifice, he knew the rising was hopeless but he feared that without some action the flame of Nationalism would go out in Ireland. The rising was short lived, just 1 week later the rebels surrendered. The British were outraged by this rebellion, because they were fighting the First World War and they thought the war was a lot more important rather than dealing with the Irish and their problems. Also all the leaders of the Easter Rising were executed by the British government. The only people that were sympathetic toward the rebels were the Irish in America but they thought it was very foolish carrying out the rebellion and the majority of the Irish public were sympathetic towards the rebels, but they too thought that it was foolish of the rebels to carry out the rebellion. Most of the Irish public also supported the rebels. Shortly after the Easter Rising, Sinn Fein started to gain lots of popularity in 1918 and onwards, Sinn Fein was founded by Arthur Griffith in 1905 as a more radical rival to Redmond's IPP party, Griffith thought that Irish MPs in Westminster should withdraw and set up their own parliament in Dublin. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Boundary Commission reported in 1924, and made virtually no changes to the proposed border between Northern Ireland and the Free State. Ireland was finally divided. To conclude this essay I will summaries and recap on the 3 most important reasons that I think led Ireland to be partitioned in 1922. The first reason is The Potato Famine of 1845-51, this is because this started to give most Irish people the impression that England did not care about Ireland, plus this led to the formation of Nationalism v Unionism, and this gave the Nationalists the idea of wanting Home Rule. The second reason is The Anglo-Irish war (1919-21) because the IRA started a guerrilla war against the RIC forces in Ulster plus the British also helped out the RIC forces, this caused even more tension between the Nationalists against the Unionists and British forces, this practically already partitions Ireland, because after this the Government of Ireland Act is passed and then the Anglo-Irish Treaty makes the partition official. And the third and final reason is The Anglo-Irish Treaty, because this is basically an adaptation of the Government of Ireland Act, most of the Irish Free State votes for the Treaty and a civil war breaks loose until May1923, then the Boundary Commission reported in 1924, they made virtually no changes to the proposed boarder between Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State, so then Ireland was divided and officially partitioned. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. What were the causes of Indian Independencein 1947, and was partition inevitable?

    Due to this reason, World War One was the first catalyst to move the nationalism machine substantially in the direction of independence. It was during WW1 that the Lucknow pact was called; this had a mixed effect on partition and independence.

  2. From where did Elizabeth face the greatest challenge to her aims in the framing ...

    If this so-called via media paradigm is true, rather than presenting Elizabeth as a conservative Catholic restricted solely by Puritan pressure it would be more effective to view her as a proponent of Realpolitik who desired to satisfy both Protestants and Catholics alike.

  1. "Why did war on the Western Front last so long?"

    We can see the mud in Source A. The mud made it very slippery, and even more difficult to cross No Man's Land. The mud and water was awful to live in and caused the condition 'Trench Foot' amongst soldiers. This is when a soldiers foot was constantly wet and this caused the foot to swell over twice the normal size.

  2. Gallic war

    It was a sight to make the Romans shudder." * Suetonius: * The Twelve Caesars. "The underlying motive of every campaign [of Antony] was that he felt it his duty to avenge Caesar, and keep his decrees in time." * "The victors divided between them the responsibilities of government." (ST)

  1. Since the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 there has been a relative period of ...

    Once again trouble has been caused; this will almost slow down the peace process. The trouble was sparked by a released prisoner named Michael Stone who tried raiding St Andrews, security guards acted bravely. Northern Ireland security Peter Hain said "Somebody could have been killed, were it not for the

  2. Easter Rising

    In 1917 Sinn Fein won 2 seats in by-elections, one was won by Eamonn de Valera. Eamonn de Valera become Prime Minister of Southern Ireland in 1932. By 1917 Sinn Fein had 250 000 members and was strong enough to challenge the more moderate Irish Nationalists.

  1. Submarines essay

    They started production at St. Petersburg temporarily. The Americans, soon followed by the British, chose to award Lake's closest rival by giving him a contract to build submarines for them and he did. His name is J.P Holland. He was an Irish-American inventor.

  2. Causes and consequences of the English Civil War

    A reformation of the Church government must be made. 9. The King will accept the ordering of the militia by the Lords and Commons. 10. Members of Parliament who have been put out of office during the present session must be allowed to return.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work