• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was it Important that the Gallipoli Campaign should succeed?

Extracts from this document...


Question 1: Why was it Important that the Gallipoli Campaign should succeed? Gallipoli is in Turkey, near the Dardanelle's. The Peninsula of Gallipoli lies in Turkey, which forms one side of the Dardanelles Straits, which is only about 45 miles long, its historic waterway links the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea. The campaign was started on March 18th 1915. It was started to try and knock Turkey out of the war, because they had just signed an agreement with Germany and were now attacking Russia, also the Ottoman Empire was seen as the sick-man of Europe and therefore Germany's weakest ally. Further this campaign was also designed to open another front against Germany and its allies and so draw troops away from the Eastern Front and therefore relieve the pressure on Russia. As well as those reasons there were many more which made it important for the campaign to succeed. Firstly I will look at the strategic value of Turkey, at Gallipoli. First of all Britain felt that Turkey needed to be knocked out of the war as this would encourage Balkan countries around them to support us. Their help was much needed, as it would mean another front could be opened up in Austria-Hungary and it would put Germany under a huge amount of pressure, as they would now be fighting on three fronts. Also England was worried that Turkey would threaten our colonies such as India. Not just as a threat of them taking them over but it would show them that Britain could be defeated and that they could break away from the empire. There were many ways that Britain thought of knocking Turkey out of the war, however the one they used as one of their main aims was to invade Constantinople and destroy the two major ammunition factories. Therefore by doing this it would mean that as well as turkey being out of the war, it would mean that Germany's supplies would be affected. ...read more.


Also these sources show a good interpretation of the Australian soldier's feelings towards war and because we know from the Anzac book that this bushman idea of a casual, layed back, devil may care attitude to their situation is accurately depicted in the grin of the soldier who is smoking heavily. Question 3: Is there sufficient evidence in sources A to F to explain why the Gallipoli campaign failed? Use all the sources and own knowledge from your studies to help you explain your answer. The campaign failed because the plan was too ambitious and it lacked organisation. An example of the poor organisation is that there wasn't any co-operation between the naval and the armed forces, therefore the campaign would start in confusion and chaos. However in this answer I'm not just explaining why the campaign failed I'm analysing the sources to see whether there is enough evidence to show why the campaign failed. If we look at source A we can see that it's a cartoon of two Anzac soldiers, drawn by an Australian artist in 1916. The evidence that agrees with the reasons why the campaign failed are that the soldiers were ill-equipped, disorganised, battered, lack of hope, ordinary men (working class), and heroic. The source shows that the soldiers are heroic as they are still smiling even though there seems to be no hope of the campaign ever succeeding. The source shows that the soldiers were disorganised and ill-equipped because it shows them wearing battered uniform. This gives the impression of them being ill-equipped because the soldiers were only sent with a summer uniform and as the battle continued into the winter the soldiers became ill and many died from hypothermia, this because the Turkish winters are freezing cold. Also the source shows that the men didn't have adequate medical supplies as the men look battered and they have cuts and bruises on them. ...read more.


Also there was total lack of support from home, the air forces could have helped prevent the failure however they didn't even bother to support the attack. The British Government minister, Lloyd George, wrote this source he was writing this before the campaign took place. However there reason why this information was over looked might be because the resources evadible to the government at the time were very limited. As they only had an old tourist information booklet on turkey to create this campaign from. Therefore I conclude that overall using all the sources there is enough evidence. However each source separately doesn't have enough information to back up the reason for the failure of the campaign. Each source covers only certain factors of the failures so therefore there isn't enough evidence if that source is used alone. The missing factors in the sources include the terrible conditions of the soldiers in the trenches. The soldiers were kept in terrible conditions and after staying in these conditions for weeks they were just sent out to fight. The trenches over in Gallipoli were even worse than those on the western front. There was little water and the water was contained in empty food tins and this then spread dysentery throughout the troops. Also in the summer the heat and dust was dreadful and the rotting bodies smelled terrible and were causing some sickness and there had to be a days truce were the troops from either side would help clear no mans land. As well as these terrible conditions there were the terrible illness that infected the troops. These included gunshot wounds, gangrene, de-hydration, respiratory problems, fly plaques (open wounds attack flies but in some cases this helped the men as the maggots ate dead tissue, which otherwise might have become gangrenous). So overall there is enough evidence when the sources are used together, but not if each source is used alone as they are missing other vital factors to why the campaign failed. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. How important were Haig's tactics in bringing an end to WW1?

    in the Battle of Saint-Mihiel, and more than 14,000 prisoners were taken. In October and early November, the British moved towards Cambrai and the Americans advanced partly through the Argonne Forest. The latter thrust broke the German lines between Metz and Sedan.

  2. Dunkirk - Defeat, Deliverance or Victory?

    This picture was probably used as a propaganda piece and shown to the people back home, to show them that they were fine. Charles Lightoller was one of those people who took his small vessel to aid the evacuation. He was a retired sailor and assumed he could do the best he could in bring their troops home.

  1. Why was fighting on the Western Front such a new and terrible experience for ...

    It was rarely a killer but could put men out of battle for months. Other minor illnesses included trench mouth which was similar to scurvy but due to not taking care of the mouth (like brushing their teeth) and not getting the right nutrition.

  2. womens crsk history

    Overall, I think that women did get the right to vote because of the work that they had done during the war because they had not got the vote before this time. Women had been campaigning 82 years before they had actually gotten the right to vote, and they had only gotten the right to vote after the war.

  1. The Gallipoli campaign in 1914 went down as one of the worst military failures ...

    Churchill's visions of ceasing the Dardanelles and capturing Constantinople seemed to be based on the assumption that the Turks would not fight with much determination and resilience. He very much underestimated the Turks. This would prove costly to how successful his plan was.

  2. Is there sufficient evidence in sources A-G to explain why the Gallipoli campaign failed?

    I know from my own knowledge that this judgement is correct from watching the watching the Time Watch documentary on Gallipoli, many of the soldiers were far too young and inexperienced. Source F supports the quotations in Source D relating to the lack of space.

  1. Who was responsible for what went wrong at Gallipoli?

    Source B, however, is the most formative and useful source out of the three. It gives descriptive details of the lifestyles of Anzac soldiers and it also serves as a follow up source to validate the facts in the other two and make them useful for use as evidence.

  2. What was life like for fighting men on the Western Front?

    The British Army sent 525 tanks to France and after four days only 25 were left in working order. Rolls Royce was soon to help design the tanks, they designed a tank which could go 88 kilometres and had 8mm machine guns.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work