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Why Was Italy Not A Unified Country In 1815?

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Why Was Italy Not A Unified Country In 1815? There were many contributing factors as to why Italy was not a unified country at the beginning of the nineteenth century. These included influences from other countries, internal politics, and lack of a collective language and more. The most significant factor was the influence from other countries in the Italian Peninsula. The major influence came from Austria. The Kingdom of Lombardy and Venetia was placed under the direct rule of Francis I, the Emperor of Austria, as compensation for their loss of the Austrian Netherlands to Belgium. Also, other parts of Northern Italy were placed in the power of relatives of Emperor Francis I. ...read more.


Each state was ruled by a different King or duke, most of who owned or were set to inherit land outside of Italy. It is obvious that no one would want to give up their power so that someone else could control them so therefore the peninsula remained not unified. During Napoleons rule in Italy, he had not set about improving the economy. He wanted to use the raw materials in the production in France so Italy remained fairly undeveloped and mostly farm land. This was not a cause of Italy still not being a unified country but there had been no improvements made to the poor geography that hindered trade or to the custom barriers. ...read more.


The Apennine range made communication very difficult; the rivers were of very little use for communication and the coastlines are extremely long. This prevented people from exploring other parts of the country easily so remained parochial. They ended up not even interested in anywhere or anything outside of their town or village and thus did not want their influence in their lives. There were many reasons why the Italian peninsula was not unified. It is fair to say that it is the politics inside as well as out of the country made it impossible for the unification. Also the lack of will from the citizens of Italy and parochialism was an important factor of hindering the unification. Sara Moore 30/04/2007 1 ...read more.

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