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Why was Operation Barbarossa a Failure?

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´╗┐Why was Operation Barbarossa a Failure? Operation Barbarossa was the code name of Germany?s planned attack on Soviet Russia in WWII. It began on June 22nd 1941 with over 3.5 million German troops on a 1,800 mile eastern front of Russia. The attack however was a failure due to many reasons. Most important reason is the Russian winter which battered the Germans. This is followed by poor and uninspiring leadership by Germans and good leadership by Soviet Union. Also Germany predicted an easy victory and this was even more worsened when Germany?s blitzkrieg was very effect. Germany had a large army and this invasion was the largest ever. However the attack was delayed from May 15th to June 22nd. This meant that Germany only had 4 months before the Russian winter hits rather than 5 months. The reason for delay was Italy who was at the brink of total defeat after Britain defended its control over Africa. Hitler had to send his elite troops to help Italy rather than starting his invasion. ...read more.


After being hammered by the Germans and being outnumbered 2:1 in Stalingrad; a key turning point in Operation Barbarossa the Russians fought on and defended their country due to great and inspiring leadership. Germany was led by a great tactician known as General Paulus while the Russians were led by an inspiring Georgi Zhukov. Paulus, although being a great tactician was not very well respected by the German army and was not considered to be inspiring. However Zhukov was very inspiring in leading his troops forward in the Battle of Stalingrad and convincing them to go to war even without weapons. This gave the army a morale boost hence making them perform better and reclaim lost territory while being outnumbered 2:1. Zhukov was not a great tactician but his past success meant that the army had respect for him and obeyed him. This meant he could present his ideas quickly and more efficiently to his troops. This led to the Operation Barbarossa failing as even though the German troops were better prepared the Russian troops were mentally prepared which gave them the bigger advantage over the Germans hence they were able to defeat them even though they were outnumbered and battered. ...read more.


This meant that Hitler was little aware and prepared for the sudden counter attack of the Russians. This meant that for ?every yard the Germans gained they paid a heavy price? causing them to lose elite troops too easily and making the army size equal again. This lead to their operation being a failure because now the battle was even again and Hitler had lost many elite troops. In conclusion Operation Barbarossa was because Hitler underestimated the Russians and was taken aback by the resistance which led to defeat. Also the leader appointed by Hitler was a good tactician but not very inspiring so the troops constantly had a low morale. While Zhukov maintained a high morale within his troops due to him being an inspiring figure. Most importantly it was because Germany delayed their attacked causing them to lead into Russian winter in which none of the troops could cope with as they had not supplies. Also all military equipment started to break down meaning that Germany was virtually unarmed. This is what led to the failure of Germany?s great invasion on the USSR. ...read more.

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