• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919?

Extracts from this document...


Assignment 1: Objective 2 Question 1: Why was Prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919? To understand why the amendment to the constitution was made in 1919 for prohibition in the USA, we need to understand the atmosphere of the United States and the events in the late 18th century and early 19th century. There were many supporters of prohibition with strong arguments for the motion of prohibition to pass as a countrywide law. Additionally, many states were already "dry" in 1855 and the pressure to pass prohibition was greater as more states decided to support prohibition. Firstly, there was the very high consumption of alcohol of 7.1 gallons per capita per year. This was a factor that led to family problems in the USA, during that time. The man of the family would go to the saloons at the evening and "pour" money into the saloonkeeper's hands. ...read more.


There was also the strong support from religious groups such as Protestants. They believed consuming alcohol was "ungodly, evil and wasteful." For example, Protestant idealists who supported prohibition founded the state of Kansas. The state became one of the first states to become "dry." Protestants also set up big campaign movements and organisations such as the Women's Christian Temperance Union. Temperance movements such as the Anti-Saloon League and the Women's Christian Temperance Union set up big campaigns and held rallies. These societies used propaganda to persuade the 70% of the population who didn't vote, to vote for prohibition. Having acknowledged this fact, politicians realised that it was to their advantage to campaign for prohibition to win them votes. This political element made it necessary for congressmen to vote "dry." Prohibition supporters also had a low belief in moderation of alcohol consumption and strongly urged the need for a complete ban of alcohol. ...read more.


After defeating Germany in the First World War, there was still the existence of Anti-German feelings. Many German immigrants who came to USA worked in the brewing industry. To drink alcohol was to be seen as a German trait. Therefore the motion of prohibition was an act that expressed USA's hostility to the Germans. Hence we can see that World War 1 was a catalyst to prohibition. In addition, grain was needed for food during the First World War however was being used in German brewing industries. Thus, there was the increasing hatred of the Germans and increasing support for prohibition. It was said at the time that, "if you vote against prohibition, it's going against morality, patriotism and family." In conclusion, after looking at why prohibition was introduced in 1919, it is very clear that there was not only one reason to why the amendment was made but because of several different explanations and reasons that stretch from moral, social, economical, political, religious and even to nationalistic pride issues. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Why was Prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919

    This has now been proved true. One example of how drinking alcohol affects your health is that it damages your liver, which can lead to people needing liver transplants or dying. Moral health was also called into question. People thought that you could not control your behaviour when you were drunk.

  2. Why was prohibition introduced

    the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people." all led to problems with the 18th Amendment. It is clear that all the above arguments against alcohol played key roles in the start of Prohibition. We can also see that President Hoover's policy of "non intervention" pursued

  1. History - Prohibition

    In summary, the 1920s was a period in which Americans become more relaxed and made the most of life. This is why Prohibition had no chance of succeeding. The Americans wanted to enjoy themselves. 1929 saw the end of the gangster era.

  2. Why was Prohibition introduced in the USA?

    The smuggling of alcohol in the 1920's was very hard to control in the US Their borders are with Canada and Mexico, neither of which were dry at this time.

  1. Why was Prohibition introduced into the USA in 1919?

    Being 'dry' (as supporters of anti-drink laws were named) became a way for politicians to get votes, so there were fearful of opposing Prohibition. Kansas had already been voted a dry state by 1880 - the 1st in the US, and by 1912, not only had many politicians jumped on the bandwagon, but also there were nine dry states, though all the major cities in America were still wet.

  2. Why was prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919?

    They said that good grain was being wasted on making whisky when it could be used for countries in need of charity because of the war.

  1. Explain why prohibition became law in the USA in 1919

    (10 Marks) In 1919 prohibition on alcohol was made a law and it was expected to reduce crime, poverty, death rates, improve the economy and quality of life and solve lots of social problems in America. But prohibition did not solve any problems and made them worse.

  2. Coursework Assignment: Prohibition

    This source is limited in its reliability because it does not show enough detail about the events it is portraying and it could be wrong because the artist has miss-interpreted the information that he has gathered or been given.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work