• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ruby Rumjon 11E Why was Prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919? In this essay it will be argued that there were many reasons why prohibition was introduced. The arguments of the various movements will be discussed, as well as the effect of WWI and patriotism. To begin with the law against the selling and making of alcohol in America was passed by congress in 1917, due to the eighteenth amendment; it didn't come into effect until January 16th 1920 at precisely midnight. Shortly after the amendment had been passed, the 'National Prohibition Act' or the 'Volstead Act', as it was called because of its Author J Volstead, was put into effect. This act prohibited the manufacture and selling of 'intoxicating liquors'. Intoxicating liquor was defined as any drink containing more than 0.5% of alcohol. With the exceptions of alcohol made uses such as medicine and industrial uses. Anti- drinking issues went as far back as 1830, when a group of women situated in the West and Midlands known as the rural areas set up a group called the "Christian Women Temperance Union". ...read more.

Middle

Men drinking lead to more aggressive behaviour and a danger for children if alcohol was in the home. The behaviour leads to social problems. For e.g. men fighting in the saloon, which lead to prison as their punishment. In addition drink lead to vice, i.e. Adultery, lies, stealing and crime. As a result for these social problems almshouses were set up to help the poor get help. The Christians believed that the saloon was not a good place. In their eyes it was seen as a temptation that led to evil and it was looked upon as a Christian's duty to take away all temptation. They believed god was against the saloon. Many men got so drunk that they could not turn up for mass on Sundays. This set a bad example for their children. The campaign began to get influential supporters. Big businessman believed that workers would be more reliable and efficient workmen if they didn't drink. ...read more.

Conclusion

I quote "...it was a way of keeping the Negro in place..." Germans were the brewers of most the alcohol drunk in America. A German company called "Pabet and Burch" brewed lot of the beer that was drunk. Much of the grain and barley used in brewing could be used to produce rations for the allies so for these unpatriotic reasons food and fuel control act banned the use of grain for brewing alcohol. They looked at it upon as a patriotic move for the country. In conclusion there is a chain of events which lead up to the cause for prohibition. Each cause is very strong and has a lot of back up to agree with the banning of alcohol. I think the main cause would be the family issues. If it weren't for the organisations serious actions would not have been made. I think the least reason would have to the national Prohibition Party because I feel they made no effect to the publics mind as they were a small right wing party. On the whole there is a variety of reasons and explanations of why prohibition was introduced. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Why was prohibition introduced

    Rural areas were also affected, farmers were losing profits because of over-production,ie grain which was just being stored and not sold .This led to prices plummeting. After "the Kreditanstalt" (an Austrian Bank) went bankrupt in 1931 there was a further collapse in confidence in world banking.

  2. Why was a Law Against Making, Selling and Transporting Alcohol passed in 1919?

    slums, child poverty and child labour presenting the immense contrast of the concepts. The vote for women was linked to saloons because men in bars made political decisions that women couldn't share in making the affair undemocratic. The exclusion from important decision was unfair and corrupt towards women and this point would have appealed to a lot more women.

  1. America in WWI

    The men tried to kill them with bullets, shovels or anything else they had at hand, but they fought a losing battle as only 2 rats can produce 900 offspring in a year. Some soldiers believed that the rats knew when there was going to be a heavy bombardment from

  2. The USA

    Although numerous of serious problems had been caused in the Depression, the previous President Hoover did not take any actions in dealing with the effects of the Crash. As he believed that the economy would soon cure by itself, like all republicans, he thought the government should not interfere the business matters.

  1. Why was prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919?

    Because of propaganda from the anti-saloon league many people saw alcohol as a moral evil that lead to drunkenness, poverty and sexual immorality. The pressure groups saw the problem alcohol was having on society and saw how it increased crime within cities.

  2. There are many contributing factors to why prohibition was introduced on 16 January 1920. ...

    No alcohol was allowed to be transported or manufactured in this state. The tax was lowered in Kansas because there were fewer people in jail and crime had fallen a lot. Another way in which the WCTU helped to get prohibition passed was to teach younger people in public schools.

  1. THE USA, 1919 - 1941 ASSIGNMENT 2: ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVE 2 & 3

    as Source D also says, "The New Deal certainly did not get the country out of the Depression." Both Source E and D are saying that the war ended the depression and not the New Deal. I think that Source E most agrees with source D as both say how the New Deal did not work.

  2. Why was Prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919?

    The campaigns were public events, thousands of women marched from church meetings to saloons, where with prayer and song they demanded that saloonkeepers should close their businesses. By 1900, millions of men and women were beginning to share this hostility toward the saloon and to regard it as the most dangerous social institution then threatening the family.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work