• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Year 10 Prohibition Coursework Lucy Sparks 10A Why was Prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919? In the USA in 1919 the 18th Amendment to the Constitution, prohibiting the sale, manufacture and transportation of "intoxicating liquor", was ratified and then became law in1920 under the Volstead Act. It was a decision that had taken many years to reach and had been effected by political and economic issues. Temperance societies date back to 1808 in New York when people became concerned about the quantities of alcohol consumed and its effects on health and behaviour. Other states soon followed in setting up temperance groups such as Massachusetts and Connecticut in 1813. ...read more.

Middle

Many early state laws were modified or ignored. To try and regain support more powerful prohibitionist organisations were created. In 1869 the National Prohibition Party, which presented candidates for political office, was founded. In 1874 the Women's Christian Temperance Union was formed by a group of protestant women and in 1893 'drys' established the Anti-Saloon League. These societies believed alcohol to be the root of family neglect and poverty and campaigned for prohibition by promoting their views to the rest of America. They had mottos such as "sin like gin" and "the saloon must go" to gain support and spread their feelings through posters, protests, newspaper articles and speeches. ...read more.

Conclusion

The prohibitionist groups promoted this idea and believed there would be a reduction in crime, as there would be less people under the influence of alcohol. When America entered World War 1 in 1917, the prohibition campaign received a boost due to hostility to Germany. Prohibition was considered a patriotic sacrifice, as grain used in the manufacture of alcohol was needed for food supplies, while beer brewing and drinking was seen as a German trait. The World War had brought the final, convincing argument for prohibition. By December 1917 a Congressional resolution proposing a Prohibition Amendment to the Constitution was passed by the required two-thirds majority. This prohibited the sale, manufacture, transportation, import and export of alcohol. This Amendment was approved in 1919 and put into force under the Volstead Act on the 16th January 1920. Lucy Sparks 10A ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Why was prohibition introduced

    This decade was also saw the increase of "high profile" "Gangsters" Gangsters who were responsible for, criminal acts, smuggling alcohol to "Speakeasies" (illegal bars which sold alcohol) tax evasion, violence and corruption. One such high profile gangster was "Al Capone" or "Scar face" (who was eventually charged for tax evasion).

  2. The USA

    It disturbed the American economy seriously and it totally destroyed the confidence in American business. In the Great Depression thousands of people lost everything, and banks went bankrupt. Production fell, as more people had less to spend on goods, and it also meant that more unemployment.

  1. Why was prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919?

    Mainly from the southern states, the people in the pressure groups were afraid that the immigration and new way of life in the more northern industrial cities was causing a threat towards their more rural communities where they depended upon farming as their livelihood.

  2. There are many contributing factors to why prohibition was introduced on 16 January 1920. ...

    As soon as people heard this some believed that it was there duty to vote dry and support the prohibition movement by the WCTU. Men saw how voting for prohibition would mean that it would stop new cultures coming into America, and because of this, they voted for prohibition.

  1. THE USA, 1919 - 1941 ASSIGNMENT 2: ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVE 2 & 3

    It says at the start, "It was the hopeful voice of F.D.R that got this thing out of the swamps." This tells us that Source E is agreeing with Source C as it is giving a positive view about the New Deal.

  2. History Coursework: Prohibition

    They both agreed on the consequences; prohibition introducing the largest criminal boom in the United States of America. Question (b) From glancing at these two sources, it is blatant that both posters were propaganda made to influence people towards prohibition.

  1. Why was Prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919?

    Also in America, life was changing fast, with the First World War over, but still fresh in people's minds, America was on its way to recovery. Old industries like mining had declined, and new industries replaced them. The streets of America were getting increasingly violent, gangs were forming and a lot of money was being consumed by bars and saloons.

  2. Why was Prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919?

    The two real consequences were financial; where children and wives went without adequate education, clothing and food. The other consequence was father's behaviour.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work