• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Quarry Bank mill built in Styal? At the time when Greg was anxious to find a suitable site for his mill, it is evident that the cotton industry was rapidly growing.

Extracts from this document...


Samuel Greg inherited almost thirty thousand pounds as a result of his uncle's death; this meant that he was in a good financial position to take a risk. If the mill he built was unsuccessful he would still have another business, also inherited from his uncle, and a lot of money to fall back on. He regularly went to the country where he felt he could erect a mill; he also wanted to forge a career in the cotton industry somewhere other than Manchester city centre, presumably owing to the high cost of land there. At the time when Greg was anxious to find a suitable site for his mill, it is evident that the cotton industry was rapidly growing. We know that the astronomical growth of the industry in the second half of the eighteenth century was remarkable. One of the main reasons for this increase in the industry was the dissolution of Arkwright's Spinning patent. This led to many mills being erected and set to work speedily. ...read more.


The area near to Styal mill is used for farming; however, the mill itself is sited on land unsuitable for farming. It is very steep and would not be appropriate for grazing animals nor growing crops. When I visited the site, it was clear to see that there was a lot of forestry and it was very remote so when Greg's mill was started, it very much would have been in the middle of nowhere so Greg was able to rent it cheaply from the Earl of Stamford. Technological advances in cotton spinning were being developed in and around Manchester. James Hargreaves produced the Spinning Jenny, Samuel Crompton invented the Spinning Mule and Richard Arkwright developed the Water Frame. Being only twelve miles from the technological advancements and the factories of Manchester gave Samuel Greg a competitive edge. He could easily compete with the mills in the town centre as he had a lot of good transportation methods. The side of the Bridgewater canal was home to the warehouse that was used by the Gregs to store their cotton. ...read more.


This would supply him with his apprentices but he still needed adult workers and supervisors. The village of Styal was a farming village so there were people willing to make more money by working in the mill, and since the agricultural industry was depressed it meant many people may be grateful of a job. If cotton fibre is allowed to dry out, the whole process of spinning becomes impossible because the thread weakens and snaps. As Styal is situated in a valley, it meant that the Cheshire climate was ideal to handle raw cotton fibre. I think that the most important factor that Samuel Greg would consider when deciding where to build a new mill would be the power supply. Without a good power supply he would not be able to power his mill. There would be no point in starting a mill anywhere where power was not readily available. The site at Styal is in The Bollin valley and would have a very strong water force to power the mill. I think all of the other factors are of equal importance to each other but need for power supply would definitely be the most important. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Why did Samuel Greg establish a cotton mill at Styal in 1784? ...

    Use the sources and the notes you have made from your visit to Styal to explain your answer. (20) At the same period of time that Samuel Greg had his mill, workers were very badly treated in factories throughout the country; however from 1802 laws were brought in to try and help the situation.

  2. How far is it possible to say when Wollaton hall was built?

    Willoughby was a new man with learning and knowledge. His house, 'Wollaton hall' helped to show this. We know what Wollaton hall and its grounds looked like and what alterations were made to the hall, by looking at a sketch of the hall and it's surroundings created by two Dutch artists back in 1707.

  1. How useful is visible evidence in explaining the development of power at Styal Mill ...

    or possibly the extra stress of the building being extended and having to take more weight. Another possible explanation for this date is that a new water wheel was installed. The date 1810 could signify this and the tailrace could have been reinforced to cope with the higher flow of water passing through it.

  2. Stoke Bruerne: Canal lives

    Everything about this quote shows it has been embellished to attract people to watch the film. Source D cannot really be compared to any museum as there is no evidence which falls under the category of films and media. Looking at Source E, it is a photograph of the house and rope shop of Thomas Amos at Stoke Bruerne.

  1. Do you think Lumsdale was a successful choice for the site of these mills?

    One of the three ponds has been restored by the Arkwright society. Water power was also the only efficient form of power so it was used to drive mills all over the country. Everybody used water power, therefore Lumsdale was as good as anywhere However, years later, water power was

  2. How useful are the site and other sources in showing how far Cromford village ...

    Source 15 is from a school textbook, meaning the author had no reason to exaggerate the truth, although it may be simplified. Water courses The water was first diverted from the Bonsall Brook. The Bonsall Brook rises on the upland and flows S.

  1. Do these sources, and the site at Quarry Bank Mill, fully explain what working ...

    Engles also assumes that the operatives' hate the manufacture, "That the people hate the manufacturer," but does not have any concentrate evidence to support his theory. He also assumes the employees would be sacked for reading Chartists or Socialists newspapers.

  2. When was the first fortification built on the site, and why was it chosen ...

    By 904AD, Portchester belonged to King and it became one of the burghs, a protected stronghold looked after by the local population along very organized rules. The burghs now protected against Viking raids. Around 1000AD, the Roman Watergate was rebuilt, with a stone gatehouse attached and there was also by this time another stone building inside the complex.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work