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Why was the Bolshevik revolution of 1917 successful

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Introduction

Why was the Bolshevik revolution of 1917 successful? Part 1 Karl Marks was not Russian and he died 34 years before the Russian revolution, he was a German who spent most his life in England. He worked as a journalist but wrote books on history, religion, economics, society, and philosophy. Marx hated the system of capitalism because he thought that it was capitalism that had produced the problems of industry, poor living conditions and the social gap of the rich and poor. He thought that the system destroyed people and made them greedy and that people only wanted something if it was worth money. Karl Marx realised that there was not enough money to make everyone rich but he did thin k the world would be better if society was turned on its head and started again. He had a list of ideas and together they are called communism, meaning that everything is owned in common. The lists of ideas are: � As there is not enough of everything to go around, everyone should be given just what they need rather than what they wanted. � People should be taught to share things together rather than keep things for themselves, no-one should have any possessions. � If everything is shared then there can be no theft. There will be no need for policeman. There would be many problems creating this perfect world. Karl Marx had three solutions on how this could be done. His first solution of was of a violent revolution which would be needed to change society for the better. The workers would run the government until communism could be achieved. This in-between government would be called socialism. The second solution was that people are made greedy by the capitalist system. Once capitalism had been destroyed by the revolution, people will stop being greedy and start trusting each other again. His third and final solution was if people are working for the good of everyone else then there will be no problems and everyone will trust each other. ...read more.

Middle

For the sixteen months they were left in charge they were free to do what they wanted. During these sixteen months she used her power to sack ministers who displeased her and replace them with anyone her, and Rasputin pleased. With misters coming and going at such a great speed the work of the government stood still. Food, fuel and ammunition were already in short supply, but now they became nearly unobtainable. It was now in Petrograd that ugly rumours about Alexandra and Rasputin grew. People were well aware of Alexandra was German at birth. They believed that Alexandra and Rasputin were German agents trying to destroy Russia from within. Even the closest supporters of the Tsar believed this. Then in December 1916 three nobles set out to kill Rasputin, which they did, but they had great difficulty. Apparently he had survived being poisoned and shot several times, he was finally killed by being tied up and thrown into a river to drown. The war had caused great problems for the Tsar's regime. It was very unpopular among the Russian people because many people were dying and people were forced to fight when they did not want to. Russia had also lost land during the war and due to the overstretched army and the resources going towards the war the economic state of the country got worse. Inflation had hit an all time high and food shortages were becoming even worse and the country began to panic as the cold winter started to set in. rumours in the government also spiralled out of control. The Bolsheviks opposed the war which had made them very popular in 1917. The Russian people thought that if war was stopped the infrastructure of the country would star to get better and food supplies would be back in full swing. Peasants, which made up 85% of the population, were treated very badly and did not have the same rights as middle class people so the ideas of communism of which the Bolsheviks supported became very popular among peasants so there support had increased. ...read more.

Conclusion

He wanted to continue the war without distraction so he decided to march to Petrograd with a rebel troop of Cossacks and a savage division from the Caucasus Mountains. He had ordered them to kill all revolutionists and get rid of the Petrograd soviet. Kerensky, leader of the provisional government at the time, didn't know what to do and seemed deemed to fail. He went to the Bolsheviks for help. He asked them to set up a defence and they were called the red guards. This meant letting them out of prison. Within a few days 25,000 Bolsheviks armed with rifles and machine guns were ready to fight. Kornilovs troops refused to fight against fellow workers and kornilov was now arrested. The Kornilov Revolt and formation of the Red Guards helped the revolution to happen. There help had proved to the provisional government that they weren't German agents trying to stop the war and they came out as heroes. They also came out as an armed and disciplined fighting force; Trotsky was a good organiser and had the Red Guard under his control. They strengthened their position further when they won the majority of the election in September. By October 1917 they looked more powerful than ever and a revolution looked inevitable. So was all of these reasons were important to why the Bolshevik revolution of 1917 successful. However, It was mainly because of the inequality in Russian society at the time was the reason for revolution. It was the communist ideas of the Bolsheviks that appealed to the peasants more because it promised them more land and money which is why the Bolsheviks ended up revolting. The unpopularity of the provisional government set up the write time for them to revolt and brought in more supporters and there wouldn't have been reason to revolt if the provisional government had been popular. The failure of the Kornilov Revolt helped them to set up the strong fighting force they needed to start a revolution. I believe if any of these main factors hadn't been there the revolution would not have been a success. ...read more.

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