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Why was the Civil Rights Act passed in 1964 by the US congress?

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Why was the Civil Rights Act passed in 1964 by the US congress? Slavery in America was abolished by the 13th Amendment in 1865 following the end of the Civil War, but black Americans never gained equality with white Americans until the Civil Rights Act was actually passed. The Ku Klux Klan, revived in the 1920s, was a racist group that made their belief in the lack of equality between blacks and whites known through marches, beatings and the lynching of black Americans. America was now one of the most racist countries in the world. By the 1960s, views were beginning to change. The 13th, 14th and 15th amendments to the constitution had abolished slavery, defined US citizenship and forbade laws infringing citizen's rights and forbade laws denying citizens the vote based on race or colour. ...read more.


America needed something else. Across America, black American's began to make a stand about the unjust state of southern society. The Little Rock, James Meredith and Linda Brown cases were all produce of the segregated schools situation, although the Supreme Court passed a law against them in the Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education case. The Little Rock and James Meredith cases both reached a point of violence where the president of the time had to send in US Army troops to break up the commotion. Rosa Park's case was the most famous case of the time. December 1st 1955, Mrs Rosa Parks, a secretary at the NAACP, was asked to give up her seat in the "Negro section" on a bus by a white man. ...read more.


JFK and other Civil Rights leaders organised the largest racial demonstration, gathering 500 000 people in front of the Lincoln Memorial where MLK made his famous "I have a dream..." speech. It was from that moment that America knew separation in equality was done with. Although Civil Rights leaders worked tirelessly for each case, it was the support gained from the NAACP, the Supreme Court, Washington and the media that really raised awareness into the cases that now we look back on and see as crazed. America was digging itself into a state of denial until people started to stand up for themselves, whether it had been illegal or not, purely to change their own and other's circumstances. The lengths at which white Americans were willing to go to to keep up the segregation were disgraceful and if congress had never passed the bill, American society would not be as civilised as it is considered today. ...read more.

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