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Why was the Munich Agreement signed on 29 September 1938?

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Why was the Munich Agreement signed on 29 September 1938? The Munich Agreement was an agreement between Britain, France, Germany and Italy by which a part of Czechoslovakia called the Sudetenland was ceded to Germany. To understand why the agreement was signed it is necessary to look at what had been happening in Europe during the previous twenty years. After the First World War Germany had been severely punished. It had been forced to give away land and money and was not allowed to have a proper standing army. Czechoslovakia was an artificial country constructed partly from the old Austro-Hungarian Empire and as a consequence about one quarter of its population was German. During the 1930s Adolph Hitler came to power as Chancellor of Germany. He used his position to become dictator and brought about many changes in Germany. He successfully seized land such as the Rhineland and the Saar And was not stopped by any other country. ...read more.


Hitler was threatening to invade the whole of Czechoslovakia unless Britain supported Germany's plans to take over just the Sudetenland. In September 1938, Neville Chamberlain, the Prime Minister of Britain met Adolph Hitler at his home in Berchtesgaden. After much discussion of the matter with Edouard Daladier of France and Eduard Benes of Czechoslovakia Chamberlain informed Hitler that his proposals on the Sudetenland were unacceptable. Adolph Hitler was in a difficult situation but he also held the knowledge that Britain and France were unwilling to go to war with another Superpower unless they were really pushed. Hitler also thought it was unlikely that Britain and France would be keen to join up with the Communist state of the Soviet Union in an Alliance as the western democracies hated Communism more than Hitler's Fascist dictatorship. Benito Mussolini, the Fascist dictator of Italy suggest to Hitler that one way of solving the problem would be to hold a four power conference. Germany, Britain, France and Italy would decide what would happen to the Sudetenland. ...read more.


Desperate to avoid war at almost any cost and anxious to avoid an alliance with Joseph Stalin and the Communist Soviet Union, Neville Chamberlain and Edouard Daladier agreed that Germany could have the Sudetenland. In return Hitler promised not to make any further territorial demands in Europe. Adolph Hitler, Neville Chamberlain, Edouard Daladier and Benito Mussolini signed the Munich Agreement which transferred the Sudetenland to German control. When Eduard Benes protested Chamberlain told him that Britain would be unwilling to go to war over the issue of the Sudetenland. Conclusion Hitler was very successful in the past against the removal of the treaty of versialles and no-one had stopped him when they could, if they had stopped him earlier then they might not have been in this predicament. The appeasers had influenced foreign policy particularly in Britain as many countries were afraid of Germany and unwilling to go to war over a small country which was not on their doorstep, and some people had some sympathy with Germany and thought it had been overly badly treated as well as that all germans should be under one flag. 8310.doc Page 1 02/05/2007 ...read more.

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