• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was the Nazi Party weak in the 1920s?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Polly Jackman, 12SAM Why was the Nazi Party weak in the 1920s? During the years 1924 to 1928 Germany enjoyed a period of relative economic prosperity and political and social stability. Stresemann and Schachts work at rebuilding the economy with the Rentenmark had had good effect, and the Dawes Plan allowed the annual repayments to be reduced. Prices were stable and relatively low which meant that German society was stable, because of this there seemed to be no room for extremist political views and people tended to vote more toward centre parties such as the SPD. At this time the Nazi Party had been officially dissolved, and without Hitler (who was in prison for his part in the Munich Putsch) as head begun to break up into warring factions. Several former Nazis had made alliances with other right-wing Parties who contested the 1924 election, ten of whom got into the Reichstag, making Hitler fume at their betrayal. When Hitler was released from prison Germany was much more stable than it had been when he had been sentenced which meant that there was considerably less scope for extremist views to cause upheaval, even when presented by a gifted speaker like Hitler. ...read more.

Middle

The reorganisation of the entire Nazi Party by Hitler allowed him to re-emerge as the 'Fuhrer', admired and aspired to by all other Nazis. When the restructuring of the SA is added to this the Nazi Party became a well-run political party based on a nation-wide structure. Members of the SA were given clearly defined responsibilities, primarily protecting Nazi speakers at meeting, but also spreading Nazi propaganda and organising demonstrations against the Communists and Jews, but their behaviour was more restrained than previously to limit the possibility of them causing the Party to be banned again. The Storm Troopers had a core of young men at their centre, most united in their hatred of Communism, commitment to Hitler, love of excitement and violence and desire for a purpose in life. Half the SA were working class, mostly unemployed, so the free soup, uniform and occasional hostel accommodation that the Nazis provided helped to encourage membership. In 1926 the Hitler Youth was formed to rival other longer established German youth organisations. Groups were also established for professionals such as doctors, lawyers and teachers. ...read more.

Conclusion

Loudspeakers, slide shows, films, planes, mass rallies, marches in uniform and drill were all used. Music, lighting and the display of enthusiasm created hyped support for the Party. During the 1924 May and December elections the Nazi Party got no seats, although some Nazis were elected as part of the Volkisch-Nationaler Block. During these elections Hitler was in imprisoned, and the poor election results were probably because of Rosenberg's poor leadership and the Party rifts. The 1928 election showed increased support for the Party, with the Nazis gaining 12 seats. Although the 12 seats of the May 1928 election was nothing compared to the Social Democrats majority of 153 seats it definitely showed that the Party's new tactics and propaganda was working, that the foundations for future success had been laid. If the Wall Street crash had not occurred in October 1929 it is difficult to make judgement over whether the Nazis would still have gained power in a stable environment. However, it was fortuitous for Hitler that the crash did occur because society was ready for any answer to its problems. The extremist views, the answers to questions and blame the Nazis laid on the Weimar Republic was just the solution wanted by the Germans, and allowed Hitler to gain power. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Germany 1920's and 1930's - Look at the weaknesses of the government and the ...

    Many chancellors before Hitler had not even been leaders of parties, for example Franz von Papen.

  2. Germany In The 1920's - The Weimar Republic

    As a practical instrument for preventing war the treaty was useless: it failed to halt aggression in the 1930s-by Japan in Manchuria (1931) and by Italy in Ethiopia (1935)-and was completely discredited by the time World War II broke out.

  1. During the 1920's and early 1930's Germany was unstable socially economically and politically

    the 'hand to lift the people of Germany out of the Great Depression'. With his powerful and dominant personality, Hitler was able to capture the discontent and fears of the nation and transform these into votes, by serving an organised and efficient contrast to the incompetent and clumsy Weimar republic figureheads.

  2. Why was the Nazi Party largely unsuccessful in the 1920's?

    Stresemann introduced the "Dawes plan" which suggested that the French leave the Ruhr, that reparations were to be paid over a longer period of time and that the Reichstbank would be under allied supervision. This is what the German people wanted to hear and soon supported Stresemann and his new

  1. Explore the presentation of the Nazi Party in feature films.

    Oskar Schindler is a middle class businessman, who attempts to save as many Jews as he can after he has realised right from wrong. The scene begins with two men shaving in the same mirror, Schindler and his good friend Goeth.

  2. A Period of Relative Stability - The Dawes Plan and the Creation of Economic ...

    During the so-called Golden Age, there was also an increase in paramilitary violence, despite the adoption of democratic tactics by the two main exponents of paramilitary barbarity the NSDAP's SA and the KPD's Red Fighting League. In addition to these other groups such as the Stalhelm, the Reichsbanner and the Red Front Soldier's League became more common.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work