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Why was the Roman Army so Successful? Rome was one of the biggest empires of its time.

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Introduction

Why was the Roman Army so Successful? Rome was one of the biggest empires of it's time. Rome spread across Galle (France), Hispania (Spain), Belgica (Belgium), Britanicca (Britain), and the bordering countries of the Middle East! This could not have been achievable without a full-time, professional army. This is why, Rome had their Roman Army. I have been asked to give reasons and explain why the roman army was so successful. In this essay the answer will be based around six key points. These points are the, tactics, organisation and size, training, equipment, recruitment, and rewards of the Roman Army. Recruitment was the first step of being part of the Roman Army. When looking for soldiers, roman legates always looked for particular types of men. This can be proven by the words of Flavius Vegetius Renatus- a roman writer. His writings have been translated into English. In his book 'De Re Militari', he explains the conditions of recruitment. Some of his words were,' The young soldier, ought to have a lively eye, should carry his head erect, his chest should be broad, his shoulders muscular and brawny, his fingers long, his arms strong, his waist small, his shape easy, his legs and feet rather nervous than fleshy.' ...read more.

Middle

There was a hollow semi-sphere on the front of the shield, which, if applied pressure on, could become very harmful to the enemy. Another part of the soldier's equipment was his armour. The roman armour was carefully designed in order to protect the armour and make it easy for the soldier to move around. Soldiers had to walk long distances, so footwear was very important. The roman soldier's sandals were carefully designed with studs on the soles to help them walk long distances without much foot pain. To protect the soldier's chests they wore what was called a lorica segmenta. It was made of iron sectors which were put together in a manner which made it very easy for the soldiers to move, and it protected them. They also wore a loose tunic underneath the lorica segmenta. This was made of cotton and it caused no problem when moving freely. The helmet was very important to protect the soldier's head. It curved around the entire head, leaving the face open, to help the soldier, breathe and see. The rest of the armour included the apron which protected the penis, of the man, a belt, which showed the rank f a soldier, and greaves (stockings) ...read more.

Conclusion

The infantry was in between the auxiliaries. This was so that once the cavalry was out; the infantry could go and help. Finally, the reserves were in between the commanders and the infantry. Given that they could be safe until they were needed. All these things made Rome one of the biggest empires of it's time, and made the Roman army successful. Although Vegetius says 'The Roman discipline the cause of their greatness.' I do not agree. In the end, Rome couldn't have become such a huge empire if it weren't for the soldiers in the first place. The soldiers came through recruitment. Even when this is so, the men wouldn't have come without knowing the rewards. Therefore recruitment and rewards were the most important points that lead to the success of the Roman Army. Without Recruitment and reward there would be no training, equipment, tactics or organisation in the army. Tactics would be the least important because they mainly needed training, equipment, organisation, a good Recruitment policy, and reward to have a high-quality army. Overall all the points were part of why the roman army was so successful. By: Adrina Surrthy Gnanachandran Class: 7D Date: 30.3.07 WHY WAS THE ROMAN ARMY SO SUCCESSFUL? Year 7 assessment The era of the Roman Empire National Curriculum L 4-8 By: Adrina Surrthy Gnanachandran Class: 7D ...read more.

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