• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was the Roman Army so Successful? Rome was one of the biggest empires of its time.

Extracts from this document...


Why was the Roman Army so Successful? Rome was one of the biggest empires of it's time. Rome spread across Galle (France), Hispania (Spain), Belgica (Belgium), Britanicca (Britain), and the bordering countries of the Middle East! This could not have been achievable without a full-time, professional army. This is why, Rome had their Roman Army. I have been asked to give reasons and explain why the roman army was so successful. In this essay the answer will be based around six key points. These points are the, tactics, organisation and size, training, equipment, recruitment, and rewards of the Roman Army. Recruitment was the first step of being part of the Roman Army. When looking for soldiers, roman legates always looked for particular types of men. This can be proven by the words of Flavius Vegetius Renatus- a roman writer. His writings have been translated into English. In his book 'De Re Militari', he explains the conditions of recruitment. Some of his words were,' The young soldier, ought to have a lively eye, should carry his head erect, his chest should be broad, his shoulders muscular and brawny, his fingers long, his arms strong, his waist small, his shape easy, his legs and feet rather nervous than fleshy.' ...read more.


There was a hollow semi-sphere on the front of the shield, which, if applied pressure on, could become very harmful to the enemy. Another part of the soldier's equipment was his armour. The roman armour was carefully designed in order to protect the armour and make it easy for the soldier to move around. Soldiers had to walk long distances, so footwear was very important. The roman soldier's sandals were carefully designed with studs on the soles to help them walk long distances without much foot pain. To protect the soldier's chests they wore what was called a lorica segmenta. It was made of iron sectors which were put together in a manner which made it very easy for the soldiers to move, and it protected them. They also wore a loose tunic underneath the lorica segmenta. This was made of cotton and it caused no problem when moving freely. The helmet was very important to protect the soldier's head. It curved around the entire head, leaving the face open, to help the soldier, breathe and see. The rest of the armour included the apron which protected the penis, of the man, a belt, which showed the rank f a soldier, and greaves (stockings) ...read more.


The infantry was in between the auxiliaries. This was so that once the cavalry was out; the infantry could go and help. Finally, the reserves were in between the commanders and the infantry. Given that they could be safe until they were needed. All these things made Rome one of the biggest empires of it's time, and made the Roman army successful. Although Vegetius says 'The Roman discipline the cause of their greatness.' I do not agree. In the end, Rome couldn't have become such a huge empire if it weren't for the soldiers in the first place. The soldiers came through recruitment. Even when this is so, the men wouldn't have come without knowing the rewards. Therefore recruitment and rewards were the most important points that lead to the success of the Roman Army. Without Recruitment and reward there would be no training, equipment, tactics or organisation in the army. Tactics would be the least important because they mainly needed training, equipment, organisation, a good Recruitment policy, and reward to have a high-quality army. Overall all the points were part of why the roman army was so successful. By: Adrina Surrthy Gnanachandran Class: 7D Date: 30.3.07 WHY WAS THE ROMAN ARMY SO SUCCESSFUL? Year 7 assessment The era of the Roman Empire National Curriculum L 4-8 By: Adrina Surrthy Gnanachandran Class: 7D ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. How Were The Roman Army Superior In Weaponry, Armour And Tactics To The Celts?

    The Celts in battle 'did whatever the heat of passion commands (Polybius quoted by Peter Connoly in the book Greece and Rome)' The Celts fought with no apparent order. Instead the Celts fought 'boldly (Julius Caesar, The Invasion of Gaul)'

  2. Submarines essay

    Nautilus, the First Real Submarine. This submarine was named after the one in the story 20,000 Leagues under the Sea. This fictional submarine at first was then put into action when the submarine was actually built. Nautilus took 2 years to build while they were thinking of how to power it.


    That was unfair. I heard that my friends didn't have to work anymore! They did not have to work! Great! No problems and no worries. No one cared. They were being transported to a secret location where they would be trained and go onto the front.

  2. Of Mice and Men

    The animals create tension, atmosphere and help to set the scene. As the story progresses the animal's deaths are more significant - the mice, dog, pup which then led to the death of Curley's wife. The death of the mouse and the pup showed Lennie's brute strength although he only has the mind of a child.

  1. Towns Through Time

    were bias motives for writing it, as there is an advertising side to it, not just an informative side. This is because the source comes across a bit like a brochure, which means that Dunkin could be promoting Dartford and its shops in particular since he himself owned one.

  2. What does archaeology show about the life of a Roman soldier in Roman Britain?

    This tells us that the army was extremely important to soldiers, as they would often have to be split up from their partner to travel with the army. Writing equipment has also been found at Vindolanda, such as styluses, wax tablets and wooden writing boards.

  1. Who was the real Custer, and to what extent was he to blame for ...

    his mind he could beet them although he actually had no chance, and his idiocy would not have seen this. Even Low dog (a chief at the Little Bighorn) said " He was a brave warrior and died a brave man."

  2. History Around us Coursework – Newcastle Keep

    The castle was never really repaired after this and was just left to decay, as the upkeep of it would have been very expensive. Another reference to decay was made in one source by Barbara Harbottle, which says that,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work