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Why was the Tsar Forced to Abdicate in 1917?

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Essay: 'Why the Tsar was forced to abdicate from his throne in March 1917? When Nicolas II was appointed Tsar in 1894, the crowds of St. Petersburg cheered and applauded their new leader. However, Russia was a vast country, and could not be controlled by one man. The Tsar soon lost authority and the empire descended into chaos. There were many reasons for the Tsar's abdication, such as failures in the war, mutiny in the army, strikes throughout Russia, rumours of an affair between the Tsarina and Rasputin and the Dumas setting up an alternative government. These can be split into three categories: long, medium and short term factors. Long term factors were things that had been a problem in Russia for a long time, such as the mix of cultures in such a large country and the clash of different religions and views. There was only one medium term factor which was the First World War. The War did not create problems but increased them, making each group of people progressively unsatisfied with the Tsar's leadership. Short term factors led to an explosion in discontent for all types of people, rich and poor alike. ...read more.


The protesters were met by soldiers and mounted Cossacks. Without warning, the soldiers opened fire and the Cossacks charged. It was a significant occasion. The people of Russia no longer respected their Tsar. Although there is only one medium term factor, it is extremely vital as to why the Tsar was forced to abdicate. The war started well, as anti-government strikes and demonstrations were abandoned, and all effort concentrated in the conflict. However, as the fighting continued the Tsar lost support from key sectors of Russian society. The First World War put a lot of pressure on Russia to help their allies (Britain and France). However, Russia didn't have the resources or armed forces. The government was forced to conscript men, mainly peasants. Peasants were unhappy about this and felt they were treated worse than the rest of Russian society. The war also meant there were great losses, leaving many orphans and widows. Ethnic minorities also suffered from conscript, and there was even a revolt in central Asian Russia when the government tried to force Muslims to join the army. Workers had to tolerate more overcrowding than ever before, along with food and fuel shortages. ...read more.


This made the Tsar look weak, and foolish for letting someone have power over him. Unfortunately, the Tsar didn't notice his people's dislike of Rasputin and continued to let him rule. Everyone had become oblivious to the Tsar's ruling and the Duma set up the Provisional Government, to take over the Tsar. The Tsar ordered the army to put down the revolt by force, but they refused and supported the Duma instead. The Tsar has lost control and power. Finally, on 15th March the Tsar issued a statement that he was abdicating. The abdication was no surprise, and was blamed mainly on his struggle to rule all of Russia. He was blind to what was really happening, and did not see the problems. Eventually all problems came together, and the Tsar could not cope. He had lost all support, including his main help, the army. The army was probably the most significant loss as they had kept people in line with threats of shootings, such as the Lena Goldfields Massacre. Both strikes and food shortages had a large effect on the Tsar's ruling system as many turned against him and revealed his weakness. All problems lead to the Tsar's abdication as overall he showed he was weak and could not cope with the immense pressure he was put under. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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